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Unit I Wellness & Safety Health – A range of states with physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and social components. Wellness – optimal health; the.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit I Wellness & Safety Health – A range of states with physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and social components. Wellness – optimal health; the."— Presentation transcript:


2 Unit I Wellness & Safety

3 Health – A range of states with physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and social components. Wellness – optimal health; the top of the range of health states

4 Mental-Emotional: maintains a strong sense of self willing to accept new ideas handles setbacks recognizes emotional problems in self and others and seeks help Feels that life has meaning

5 Physical: is aware that accidents are real is aware of infectious disease and prevents them takes measures to prevent lifestyle disease uses health care wisely Sleeps enough to function well Maintains appropriate weight and works to achieve and maintain physical fitness

6 Family-Social: develops friendships socializes well with others without the influence of drugs maintains friends and long term partners

7 The Health Triangle Refer to p. 5

8 List The 10 Factors that affect Health Status P. 6-9 What is your Health Status- Which 3 factors can you not control in your life? Which 7 Factors can you control?

9 Chronological Age: actual age in years Physiological Age: estimated age from body’s health and life expectancy - adequate sleep, regular physical activity, not using any drugs, adequate diet & weight.

10 Healthy People 2010 P. 58-59 Definition- Two main Goals: 1. 2.

11 Healthy People 2020 Vision- a society in which all people live long healthy lives. Mission- Identify nationwide health improvement priorities Increase public awareness( health, disease, disability) Measurable objectives & goals that are applicable at the national, state & local levels Strengthen policies & improve practices that are driven by evidence & knowledge Identify critical research, evaluation & data collection needs

12 Overarching Goals 1. Attain high quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury & premature death 2. Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities & improve health of all groups 3. Create social & physical environments that promote good health for all 4. Promote quality of life, healthy development/behaviors, across all life stages

13 Life Expectancy/ Quality of Life P.58 Life Expectancy - the average number of years that people are expected to live. Average Life Expectancy: Male-75 Female-80 Quality of Life- includes physical & mental well being and the ways people respond to their environment. - Refer to page 58

14 Sleep- Physical State – pg. 361- 364 1. Getting adequate Sleep Newborn needs: 17-18 hours 5 yrs.: 10-12 hours avg. young adult needs: about 8-10 hours elderly: need less REM sleep NREM – body is slowed down REM – deep sleep, dreams

15 Sleep disorders: P. 361-364 Insomnia – difficulty falling or staying asleep Narcolepsy – when people fall asleep suddenly Sleep Apnea – relaxation of tongue causes breathing difficulty Restless Leg Syndrome-

16 Are You Getting Enough Sleep? Current Health Article p 6-12 1. What is a sleep debt? 2. What is a “Gray Cloud” AND are you one (explain)? 3. Explain the tips to help you FALL asleep 4. What are some tips to getting a better quality sleep at night. 5. Explain what you think about the amount of sleep you are getting a night AND how can you improve the amount of sleep you get a night.

17 3. Physical Activity P. 371 220 – your age = max heart rate Target Heart Rate- 65% of MHR to 85% of MHR MHR x.65 & MHR x.85 It is best to improve cardiovascular and cardio respiratory health

18 FITT Formula P. 371 This formula is used to obtain fitness benefits from physical activity. F- I- T-

19 2. Good Nutrition Overweight & Obesity P. 367 BMI Underweight- Normal- Overweight- Obese-

20 Healthy Diet Eating the right foods can help avoid certain diseases, prevent obesity, prevent illness, & recover from illness faster. Eat 5-6 small meals a day not 3 large meals a day, especially breakfast! Individual needs depend on: age, genetics, gender, activity level & specific conditions.

21 BEHAVIOR CHANGE Motivation: the force that moves people to act Two types of motivation: 1. natural (drives or instincts) 2. learned intrinsic extrinsic Commitment: A long term decision made(a promise kept) Refer to p. 57

22 Being a smart consumer When using/buying health products it is important to research, become educated, and know how to differentiate false advertising from credible facts Sunscreen Vitamins/Supplements FDA approval Consult doctor Safe use of OTC drugs Dental products

23 10 advertising appeals Pg. 38 1. Brand Loyalty 2. False Image 3. Bandwagon 4. Humor 5. Glittering Generality 6. Scientific evidence 7. Progress 8. Reward9. Sex 10.Testimonial

24 10 Advertising Appeals P. 37 & 38 Group Activity 1. What is the product being advertised? 2. Who is the target audience? 3. What appeal/s are being used to sell the product and why are you choosing that appeal/s?( what does it say or show for you to think its that appeal/s) 4. Will the ad promote health and how?

25 Safety Accidental Deaths – ALL Ages 1. Vehicle accidents (first in teens) 2. Falls ( first in elderly/infants) 3. Burns 4. Drowning ( 2 nd in teens) Over 80% involve alcohol Injuries from preventable accidents claim more young lives than do disease. ---Half of all fatal accidents involve alcohol Spontaneity vs. Caution

26 Highway Accidents One Half of all accidents are vehicle accidents Of all accidents, vehicle accidents are the #1 killer in people aged 15 – 20 Defensive Driving: Every driver will encounter other drivers who are careless. Defensive driving saves lives.

27 Leading Causes of Death Age 15-24 Accidental or on Purpose 1. Accidents 2. Homicide 3. Suicide

28 5 Leading Causes of Death All Ages Accidental or on purpose 1. Heart Disease 2. Cancer 3. Stroke 4. Motor Vehicle Accidents 5. Suicide

29 Violence- Pg. 657-659 Explain the 9 Types of Violence: 1. Bullying6. Sexual Harassment 2. Fighting7. Rape 3. Assault8. Child abuse 4. Suicide9. Domestic Violence 5. Homicide - Manslaughter - Excusable Homicide - Justifiable Homicide

30 Rape Prevention * 75% of all victims know their offender! Date Rape/Acquaintance Rape – sexual penetration without consent obtained by force, threat or harm and committed by someone they know. Street Rape- “ “ “ by a stranger Refer to p. 687 Laws p. 688

31 **To Avoid Rape**: - avoid going out alone in the dark - running alone is not smart - always ask who is at your door - carry pepper spray - get keys out before you get to your car - carry a whistle - keep car maintained

32 If Approached: - scream fire - pull a fire alarm - break a window - key in eyes - urinate or vomit Never Shower!

33 Date Rape Drugs: P. 690 Roofies- GHB- Ketamine-

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