3 Differences Between Eastern church and western church Roman CatholicEastern ChurchEastern OrthodoxCentered in RomePope has authority over BishopsCentered in ConstantinoplePatriarch and other bishops share authorityFarther away from the seat of power once Constantinople became capitalClose to the seat of power once Constantinople became the capitalLatin is spoken in the Liturgy (church services)Greek is spoken in the liturgy (church services)Pope has authority over Kings and emperorsEmperor has authority over Patriarch and bishopsPriests can’t marryDivorce is not permittedPriests can marryDivorce is allowed under certain conditions
4 What was the problem?The Catholic (west) and Orthodox (east) argued over the following issuesIconsWho was in charge?Pope (west) vs. Emperor (east)
6 What is an Icon? Religious images that can be prayed to. Statue of the Virgin MaryJesus Christ on the crossThey appear in several forms; in mural painting, mosaic and most typically painted on small wooded panels.
12 The fight over Icons Orthodox (East) Catholic (West) Thought it was wrong to worship something that was man- made. Worship should only be made to God.Catholic (West)Thought that icons brought you closer to the idea/personPraying to a statue of Jesus brought you closer to him
13 How did the icon fight begin? In 730, Byzantine Emperor Leo III banned the use of icons , This Byzantine emperor viewed the use of icons as idol worship.
14 How does the west react?One pope even ordered the excommunication of a Byzantine emperor—that is, he said the emperor was not a Christian and the church wouldn’t give him recognition any longer.Why is this a problem?
15 So what’s the difference? The Great SchismIn 1054 the Christian church split into 2 churches forever. In the West; the Roman Catholic (universal) Church. In the East; the Eastern Orthodox (correct belief) Church.So what’s the difference?
16 The West - Roman Catholic Church Mass was in LatinPope was Supreme head of Church in the West - above any political rulerPriests could NOT marryReligious icons of martyrs and saints to be respectedOnly Pope and Bishops could interpret the scriptures.
17 The POPE is theleader of the WESTERNRoman Catholic Church.
18 The East- Orthodox Church “Mass” was in Greek - so everyone could understand.Monks who did missionary work often converted it into the language of the people they were trying to convertThe Byzantine Emperor was superior to religious leader(patriarch) of Constantinople.Priests could marryIcons not allowed
19 The leader of the EASTERN Orthodox Church isthe “PATRIARCH”.