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1 Nonverbal Nonverbal 5: Inter-Act, 13 th Edition 5: Inter-Act, 13 th Edition.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Nonverbal Nonverbal 5: Inter-Act, 13 th Edition 5: Inter-Act, 13 th Edition."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Nonverbal Nonverbal 5: Inter-Act, 13 th Edition 5: Inter-Act, 13 th Edition

2 2

3 3 Spoken or written words Bodily actions and vocal qualities that support, modify, or contradict accompanying verbal messages Verbal Communication Communication Nonverbal

4 4 Characteristics of Nonverbal Communication Intentional or unintentional Primary Ambiguous Continuous Multichanneled

5 5 Functions of Nonverbal Communication To provide information To regulate interaction To express or hide emotion and affect To present an image To express status, power, and control

6 Nonverbal in the Movies 6

7 7 Regulate Interaction Facial expressions or gestures that are used to control or regulate the flow of a conversation Microsoft Photo

8 8 Express Emotion or Affect Facial expressions and gestures that augment the verbal expression of feelings Microsoft Photo

9 9 Types of Nonverbal Communication Body language Paralanguage Spatial usage Self-presentation Everything except words! Everything except words!

10 10 Body Language: Kinesics Eye contact Facial expressions Gesture Posture Touch

11 11 Body Language: Touch Touching and being touched are essential to a healthy life. Touch can communicate power, empathy, understanding. Microsoft Photo

12 12 Paralanguage Pitch (also Intonation) Volume (including silence) Quality – Articulation – Pronunciation Rate

13 The “Cawfee” Vowel 13

14 “Vocal Fry” Intonation 14

15 15 Vocal Interferences Extraneous sounds or words that interrupt fluent speech: –“uh,” “um” –“you know,” “like” Place markers Fillers

16 Ya know, Caroline Kennedy 16

17 17 Spatial Usage Personal space: the space that surrounds a person, moves with that person, and changes with the situation as well as moment to moment –Intimate distance: up to 18” –Personal distance: 18”-4’ –Social distance: 4’-12’ –Public distance: more than 12’

18 Do you know a “close talker?” 18

19 Spatial Use Acoustic space: area over which your voice or other sounds can be comfortably heard Territory: space over which we claim ownership Artifacts: objects we use to adorn our territory and communicate about our space 19

20 20 Personal Space at Work Personal Space at Work Your office Your desk A table in the cafeteria where you sit regularly Microsoft Photo

21 21 Color Influences Communication Yellow cheers and elevates moods Red excites and stimulates Blue comforts and soothes In some cultures black suggests mourning In some cultures white suggests purity

22 22 Self-Presentation Cues Physical Appearance –Race and gender –Facial features –Size and shape of body –Clothing and personal grooming –Body art

23 23 Self-Presentation What message do you wish to send with your choice of clothing and personal grooming? Microsoft Photo

24 Use of Time Chronemics Monochronic Polychronic Time Orientation Past Present Future 24

25 25 Time How do we manage and react to others’ management of time? –duration –activity –punctuality Microsoft Photo

26 Use of Smell Olfactory Communication through: –Perfume –Cologne –Aromatherapy –Body odor 26 Microsoft Photo

27 27 Cultural and Gender Variations Eye contact Facial expressions Gestures Touch Paralanguage Space Self-presentation

28 28 Nonverbal Signals Vary from culture to culture Microsoft Photo

29 29

30 30 What does this symbol mean to you? In the United States it is a symbol for good job In Germany the number one In Japan the number five In Ghana an insult In Malaysia the thumb is used to point rather than a finger -Atlantic Committee for the Olympic Games

31 31 Improving Nonverbal Sending Skills Be mindful of your nonverbal behavior. Adapt nonverbal behaviors to your purpose. Adapt nonverbal behaviors to the situation. Align nonverbal and verbal communication. Make sure nonverbal cues do not distract from your message. Eliminate distracting nonverbal behaviors.

32 32 Improving Nonverbal Interpretation Skills Be mindful that most nonverbal cues do not have set meanings. Recognize culture, gender, and other diversity when interpreting nonverbal cues. Pay attention to all of the nonverbal cues and their relationship to the verbal message. Use the skill of perception checking.

33 Kennedy-Nixon Debate 1960

34 CNN Nonverbal Debate 2008

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