2 9-1 Career Opportunities THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESSOccupation- task or series of tasks that is performed to provide a good or serviceCareer- goal for work that is fulfilled through an occupationYour current career goal is to complete your schooling and get ready for the future.
3 Career planning- process of studying careers, assessing yourself in terms of careers, and making decisions about a future career
4 The Career Planning Process Personal AssessmentDetermine interests and valuesIdentify talents and abilitiesEmployment market analysisGeographic influencesBusiness and economic trends
5 The Career Planning Process Application processapplication formresume and cover letterInterview processPrepare for interviewFollow-up activities
6 The Career Planning Process Employment acceptanceSalary and financial factorsOrganizational environmentCareer development and advancementPractice career success behaviorsDevelop strong work relationships
7 Your Study of CareersToo often, a career choice is not made until full-time work beginsThis is too late, especially if training and education are requiredIt is important to view learning about careers as a life-long activityTentative career decision- subject to change as new information is received
8 Career TrainingMany careers required education and training beyond high school including:Two-year schools- community or junior collegesFour-year colleges and universities- public and privatePrivate business schools- court reporter, computer tech, medical assistant, etc.
9 Consider the cost of further schooling as an investment in your future. This schooling will help you earn a higher wage.Many ways exist to help finance your education.
10 Many financial aid programs are provided by schools including: ScholarshipsStudent loansWork-study programsSome financial aid programs are based on your academic record.Others are based on financial need.
11 Checkpoint>>Why is it important to follow each of the six steps in the Career Planning Process?
12 Print and Media Sources Occupational Outlook Handbook- information on hundreds of occupations includingJob dutiesWorking conditionsEducation and training requirementsAdvancement opportunitiesEmployment outlookEarnings
13 Career World- includes careers of the future Encyclopedia of Careers and Vocational Guidance- basic information about many occupationsNewspaper Help Wanted Ads- an idea of jobs in demand and what skills and training are needed
14 Online Sources Web sites are available to help with career planning. A search may be performed to gather information about: resumes, effective interviewing, creating a career portfolio
15 Informational Interview Informational interview- planned discussion with a worker willing to help you learn about their work, the preparation needed for the career, and the person’s feelings about their careerHelp you gain insight into what really happens in a career
16 Questions to ask during an informational interview include: How did you get your current job?In what ways do you find your work most satisfying? What are your main frustrations?What tasks and activities are required in your work?What are the most important qualifications for working in this field?What advice do you give a young person who is thinking about this type of work?
17 Job shadow- spending time with a worker for a day or week to learn about their occupation
18 Business Contacts Networking- talking to other people about their jobs Advantages of networking:Contacts not limited to people you know personallyEvery person you meet is a potential contact for career informationThe contacts in your network when you start work as well as later in life
19 Checkpoint>>What are the main sources of career information?
20 In-Class Activity>> Review Figure 9-2 on page 205 of your textbook then answer the following questions.Which of the career areas shown interest you? Do you think you should limit your career exploration to these areas? Why or why not?
21 GROWTH CAREER AREAS Geographic Influences Mobility- willingness and ability to move where jobs are locatedLocational unemployment- jobs are available in one place but go unfilled because qualified persons live elsewhere and are unwilling to move
22 Economic and Industry Trends Careers with the most potential are influenced by economic trends.Consumer demandChanging demographic trendsNew technology
23 Checkpoint>>What factors affect the career areas that will be in demand in the future?
24 9-1 ASSESSMENTComplete questions #1-3 from page 5 of your packet.
25 9-2PERSONAL ASSESSMENTYour career planning activities should start with a self assessment of your interests, values, & abilities.These three areas will help you better you better understand the careers are best for you.
26 InterestsProvide a basis for your employment goals and possible career paths.People with strong social tendencies bay be best suited for work interacting with people.If you enjoy investigating, a career in research should be considered.
27 ValuesValues- things important to youYou can begin to look at your values by answering some questions:Is it important for me to earn a lot of money?Am I mainly interested in work that provides a service for others?
28 Is it important for me to have occupation that others think is important even if I don’t really care for it?Do I want an occupation that is very challenging and may require additional schooling?
29 Would I be willing to start in a job that pays a lower salary than another job if that job was more challenging and offered better opportunities for future advancement?Do I consider investing money in education or training as important as spending for other things?
30 Talents and AbilitiesTalents- a natural, inborn aptitude to do certain thingsAbility- being able to perform a mental or physical task
31 You can learn about your abilities by: Evaluating the grades you got in the classes you have takenWhich classes were easiestWhich classes have been the most difficultIf you are weak in a certain area, take classes that will improve that area.
32 If you are weak in a certain area, take classes that will improve that area. Work to strengthen your weak areas before you go to full-time work
33 Checkpoint>>What is the difference between an interest and a talent?
34 EMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCE Work-Study ProgramsCooperative education combines school with work-related experience.These programs provide an occasion to develop a variety of on-the-job skills.You will also learn to interact in work settings.
35 Internships- work experience in organizations while learning about a career Common internships include: accounting, finance, and marketingApplying for an internship is similar to applying for a job.
36 Part-Time EmploymentSummer and part-time work can provide valuable experience.Work experience will allow you the chance to see if you enjoy a particular career field.Part-time work helps you make contacts.
37 Volunteer ActivitiesCommunity service can help you in gaining career experience and improving work habits.Helps withorganizational skillsmaking career contacts
38 School ActivitiesClass assignments can provide work-related experiences.Example: Research and communication skills are developed when you prepare reports or oral presentations.
39 Working on team projects offers you a chance to interact with others which is a vital skill School clubs and organizations can result in a range of valuable skills:goal settingplanningsupervisingdelegating responsibility
40 Checkpoint>>Of the listed methods for obtaining employment experience (work-study, part-time, volunteer, school), which one do you feel is the most beneficial for career planning and why?
41 SOURCES OF AVAILABLE JOBS The MediaNewspaper Want Ads are a common starting point in a job searchMany newspapers post employment ads on their Web sitesSome newspapers have partnered with career Web sites with searchable databases of current positions
42 Personal ContactsLet as many people as possible know that you are looking for a job.School counselors can be very helpful.Relatives, friends, neighbors will be good sources for job leads.
43 Business ContactsYou should visit a business and ask about their openings.Some businesses post help wanted signs in their windows.Some retail businesses including restaurants accept applications continuously.
44 Employment kiosk- apply online for a job Located in large storesYou can also use: phone books, business directories, and Web sites to locate business contact information
45 Career FairsOften held at schools or community centersAllow you to contact several potential employers in a short period of time
46 Government Employment Offices Local and state government employment offices give information about available jobs.Supported by tax moneyEmployment offices can provide up-to-date information about the job marketThey can help you look for full-time and part-time work
47 Checkpoint>>What are the main sources of information about available jobs?
48 Please complete the Assessment Questions at the end of the packet.
49 9-3 Applying for Employment APPLICATION ACTIVITIESThe application process may start in many waysFill out application you received from the employerComplete an online application formSubmit a resume and cover letter
50 Personal Data SheetThe application process begins by preparing a personal data sheet- summary of your important job related information
51 It should list yourEducationWork experienceReferencesHaving a complete data sheet will ensure you have all necessary information to fill out an application.
52 Application FormApplication form- asks for information related to employmentGives the employer standard information for each job applicant
53 The form will likely ask you for your: NameAddressSocial security numberEducationWork experienceThe job you’re applying forReferences
54 Filling out the application form should be viewed as your first job task. Follow directions carefullyPrint answers neatlyAnswer all questions completelySee page 216, Figure 9-3 for an example.
55 ResumeResume- tool that provides information about you to a potential employer
56 A resume usually includes the following sections: Personal information- name, address, phone,Career objective- personal employment goalEducation- schools attended, dates, degrees, programs of study
57 Experience- work and volunteer with dates and responsibilities Career-related honors and other activities- awards, school and community involvement
58 Be sure your resume is presented in a professional manner CleanOrganizedNo errorsFits on one pageBe honest about qualifications Use action words that demonstrate what you have achieved
59 Career PortfolioCareer portfolio- tangible evidence of your abilities and skillsA career portfolio may include the following items:Resume, cover letter, and answers to sample interview questionsSample reports, presentation materials, and research findings from school projects
60 Sample reports, presentation materials, and research findings from school projects Web site designs, creative works from school activities or previous employment such as ads, packages, and promotionsNews articles of community activities or other experiences in which you have participatedLetters of recommendation
61 Checkpoint>>Of the five sections of a resume, which one do you feel is the most important in getting a job? Why?
62 APPLICATION COVER LETTER Cover letter- expresses your interest in a specific jobThink of it as a sales letter for the purpose of obtaining an interview.
63 Should:draw attention and interestbuild desire to meet youurge the reader to invite you for an interviewA cover letter usually includes three main sections: introduction, development, and conclusion
64 Introduction Get the reader’s attention Indicate the reason for writingRefer to the job or type of employment you’re interested inGive a summary of your experienceMention the name of the person who referred you to this organization
65 DevelopmentHighlight background and experience that specially qualify you for the jobRefer the employer to your resume for detailsSummarize information about your experiences and trainingConnect your skills and background to specific organizational needs
66 Conclusion Designed to request action Ask for the opportunity to interviewInclude contact information, phone numbers, times you’re available, andClose the letter with how you can benefit their organization
67 Targeted LetterTargeted application letter- quick summary of ability to meet the needs of an organizationSent instead of standard resume and cover letterIncludes a list of major skills
68 Checkpoint>>What is the purpose of a cover letter?
69 ONLINE APPLICATION PROCESS Online ApplicationsIn addition to the basic application, you may be asked some preliminary questions to determine your suitability to the available position.
70 When posting your resume online or sending it by email: Use a simple formatAvoid bold, underline, italics, and tabsDo not use attached files that may be difficult to open
71 Cyber InterviewingMany organizations hold screening interviews using video conferencing.Others require applicants to post preliminary interview responses online.
72 Sample e-interview questions include: Would you rather have structure or flexibility?What approach do you use to solve difficult problems?
73 Checkpoint>>How is the Internet used in the job application process?
74 Please complete the assessment questions at the end of the packet.
75 9-4 Securing a JobTHE INTERVIEW PROCESSEmployment interview- two-way conversation in which the interviewer learns about you and you learn about the job and company
76 Before you InterviewPrepare for an interview by obtaining more information about the potential employer and the job for which you are applying. Questions you might ask during an interview include:
77 What training opportunities are available to employees? What qualities do your most successful employees possess?What new opportunities are your company considering in the next few years?
78 Successful interviewing requires practice. Record yourself so you will answer questions smoothly and completely.Prepare concise answers for specific questions you may be asked.Ask friends to help you practice your interview skills.
79 Make a good first impression. Arrive on time.Dress appropriately.Go alone to the interview even if someone else is providing your transportation.
80 During the InterviewThe person who interviews you wants to find out things about your:AppearanceMannersUse of languageGeneral ability for the job
81 Behavioral interviewing- include situations or questions to see how you react under pressure Avoid talking too much, but answer each question completely using good eye contact.Thank the interviewer for the opportunity to discuss the job and your qualifications.
82 Some employers use pre-employment tests to screen applicants. Pre-employment test- include assessments for keyboarding, word processing, calculating
83 After the InterviewWithin a day or two, send a follow up letter- expresses appreciation for the opportunity to interviewEven if you don’t get the job this letter will make a positive impression for future consideration
84 Evaluate your interview performance. Try to remember questions you were not expecting or not prepared to answer.Write notes in areas where you need improvement.
85 Be patient after the interview. It may take several weeks for the company to make a selection.
86 Checkpoint>>What actions should be taken when preparing for an employment interview?
87 JOB OFFERS Salary and Financial Factors The type of work and experience will determine your rate of pay.Common employee benefits include: insurance, vacation time, retirement programsAdditional employee benefits include: free parking, on-site fitness centers, and discount gym memberships
88 Ask what benefits and services will be available to you and how much you will be asked to pay. Part-time and seasonal employees may or may not be offered benefits
89 Organizational Environment While the financial elements of a job are very important, also consider the working environment.Leadership styleDress codePhysical workspaceSocial atmosphere
90 Advancement potential training programs should be assessed. Some companies pride in promoting from within and provide career and personal growth opportunities
91 Checkpoint>>What factors should a person consider when accepting a job?
92 ON THE JOB BEHAVIOR Job Success Strategies As you prepare for your first day of work, remember the following:Ask questionsIf you do not understand directions, have them repeated and listen carefully.You will probably make mistakes. Be sure to learn from each mistake and avoid repeating it.
93 Avoid complainingIf you seem to have more work than you can handle, talk to your supervisor.Honor the time for breaksDon’t abuse rest periods and lunch breaks by extending the time limit.
94 Consider your appearance Dress neatly and be well groomedBe on timeArriving late or leaving early is poor practice.
95 Be friendly with everyone Respect your co-workers and learn to get along.Show you are dependableDo quality work that is completed on time.Sloppy work or work turned in late affects others.
96 Follow the rulesIf a rule seems unfair or unreasonable, discuss it with others and find out why it was created.Mentor- experienced employee who serves as counselor to a person with less experienceOffer advice related to work assignments and career guidance
97 Give at least a two week notice Leaving a JobWhen the time comes to leave a job, it is important to depart on good terms.Give at least a two week noticeWrite a letter of resignationInclude the last day you will be working
98 Try to finish all of your current projects. If incomplete, leave a note explaining to the next person where to begin.If there is an exit interview- employer asks questions about your work, be constructive and cooperative
99 Let co-workers know that you appreciated the opportunity to work with them.
100 Checkpoint>>How does a mentor assist less experienced employees?
101 Please complete the Assessment questions at the end of the packet.