Presentation on theme: "Who Texans Are Texas is mostly populated by people who moved from other lands. Immigration is the movement of people from one country to another Texans."— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 2 Section 3 (Texans and Geography) and 4 (Natural Resources of Texas)
2 Who Texans AreTexas is mostly populated by people who moved from other lands.Immigration is the movement of people from one country to anotherTexans have many backgrounds, ethnicities, and races which contributes to the state’s cultural diversity
3 Who Texans AreFirst people were the Native Americans who moved into the area thousands of years agoEuropeans began arriving in late 1400s and brought diseases and warfare, greatly diminishing the Native American population
4 Who Texans AreThe first European immigrants were from Spain. They settled in Mexico and moved north into Texas, bringing the Spanish language and Catholic faith.Mexican immigrants are the largest group of immigrants to Texas even now, making up about 30% of the Texas population
5 Who Texans AreOther European immigrants come from Germany, Czechoslovakia, France, Ireland, and many other countries and greatly influenced Texas foods, place names, music and moreMany African Americans were brought to Texas as slaves during the 1800s. They have influenced music, religious practices, etc.
6 Who Texans AreThere has been an influx of Asian Americans to Texas. They brought with them foods and traditions. They also brought different religions such as Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam.
7 Where Texans have Settled Many regions of Texas have been settled by people with similar ethnic backgroundsPeople from Mexico – Rio Grande Valley and South TexasEarly settlers from southern US settled in East TexasLarge groups of German and Czech immigrants settled in Central Texas
8 The Growing Population of Texas Demography – branch of geography that studies human populationsGrowth Rate – speed of growthBirthrate – number of births per 1000 peopleDeath rate – number of deaths per people
9 The Growing Population of Texas Texas birthrate is higher than the death rate causing a higher growth rateImmigration and migration also cause the Texas growth rate to increaseAs Texans live longer and more are born, the age distribution (portion of the population at each age) of the state changes
10 Agricultural Resources The climate, soil, and water resources allow Texans to make their living from agricultureAgriculture is the growing of crops and raising of animalsEast Texas – fruits, nuts, corn, tomatoes, watermelon, and a large timber industryGulf Coast – rice and vegetables
11 Agricultural Resources South Texas – alfalfa, citrus fruits, cotton, melonsPanhandle – wheat and cottonLivestock of Texas include cattle, chickens, horses, pigs, sheep, turkeys, and goatsMost of the livestock ranges are in the praires/plains where the native grasses grow freely
12 Agricultural Resources Cattle ranching is an important part of Texas and its cultureRanchers in rocky areas raise goats for mohair, used to make clothing.
13 Energy Resources Oil is a large part of Texas economy Coal, natural gas, and oil are nonrenewable resources (cannot be replaced by Earth’s natural processes)Renewable resources (can be easily replaced by Earth’s natural processes) include sunshine, trees, and wind