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National profiles on OSH – Methodology

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1 National profiles on OSH – Methodology
Pavan Baichoo SafeWork ILO Geneva

2 Structure Introduction
Guiding principles for the preparation of a national profile on OSH How to prepare a national profile on occupational safety and health National approaches to OSH

3 Introduction Effective implementation of OSH needs full involvement of social partners National OSH or SafeWork Programmes (NSPs) National OSH profile (NP/OSH) essential Inventory of all tools available to implement and manage OSH Should provide data for priority setting at national level for OSH

4 Int./2 NSPs have 7 requirements: Formal agreement with country
Establishment of coordination mechanism Preparation of national OSH profile (NP/OSH) Situation and gap analysis Prioritisation for nation OSH action Action plan development, including indicators Establishment of a sustainabale mechanism for continual improvement, including periodic review

5 Guiding principles Be prepared with involvement of all partners
Include all data pertaining on the sound management of OSH Provide practical information on all on-going activities at national level

6 Guiding principles/2 Basis for initiating action to identify gaps in national infrastructure related to the sound management of OSH Provide the means for improved co-ordination among all parties interested in OSH

7 National profile outline
OSH legislative framework: OSH requirements in constitution Major laws, including coverage Laws covering certain aspects of OSH Level of correspondence between ILO OSH instruments and national OSH legislation

8 National profile outline/2
National policy review mechanisms Existence of a national policy on OSH Coordination and collaboration At national level Scope, membership and powers At enterprise level Requirements included in collective bargaining agreements

9 National profile outline/3
OSH technical standards and MS’s OSH-MS implementation as well as national framework development, including incentive schemes Technical standards used under law or on a voluntary basis Information on the use of ILO Codes of practice

10 National profile outline/4
OSH system implementation means National competent bodies Inspection and enforcement systems OSH labaratories OSH information centres Occupational health services Workmen’s compensation services Poison control centres

11 National profile outline/5
OSH system implementation means Education, training, awareness raising Unversity or college courses related to OSH Training structures run by employers’ or workers’ organisations Institutions conducting legally required training for OSH specialists National safety councils and associations

12 National profile outline/6
OSH system implementation means Specialised agencies in OSH Standardising agencies Agencies specialised in risk and hazard assessment Emergency preparedness, warning and response agencies NGO’s involved in OSH activities

13 National profile outline/7
OSH system implementation means Overall level of human resources in OSH Number of occupational health physicians Number of occupational health nurses Number of Occupational Hygiene specialists Number of inspectors Number of environmental protection specialists

14 National profile outline/8
Statistics on accidents and diseases Estimated number of occupational fatalities per year (last 5 years) Estimated number of occupational injuries per year (last 5 years) Estimate of under-reporting as a percentage range

15 National profile outline/9
Policies and programmes of social partners Employers’ organisations OSH policies and implementation, training programmes, collective bargaining, national tripartite dialogue Workers’ organisations

16 National profile outline/10
Regular and ongoing activities in OSH At national level: National initiatives such as safety days etc. Industry initiatives such as responsible care Trade union OSH activities and initiatives International capacity building activities TC activities directly related to OSH Chemical safety management IGO involvement

17 National profile outline/11
General data Demographic data Literacy levels Types of sectors of economic activity and percentage of workforce employed Economic data

18 National profile outline/12
Other relevant information Elements for input in the situation analysis Preliminary analysis of the data collected Elements that may be useful for action under the national programme Strong points and weaknesses affecting the implementation of an OSH system in the country

19 National approaches to OSH
Cyprus Netherlands Norway United Kingdom Australia South Africa

20 Cyprus Implementation of national OSH policy through a Declaration
Agreement between social partners and implemented by law Governs national OSH measures Framework of rights and obligations Promotional role for OSH Guidance and encouragement Yearly safety and health campaign

21 Netherlands Rallying employers’ for yearly OSH action plans
Primary responsibility for OSH Standards for physical and physiological aspects Gives priority to objectives Labour inspectorate enforces Establishment of joint sector agreements

22 Norway Institution of the internal control system
Prompted by rapid technological advancement States general obligations rather than trying to regulate all individual hazards Responsibility on those who create risks and those who work with tem Supplemented by non-binding guidelines

23 United Kingdom

24 UK - Targets

25 Areas Requiring National Action Strategic enforcement
Australia NATIONAL VISION Australian workplaces free from death, injury and disease NATIONAL TARGETS Reduce incidence of work-related fatalities by at least 20% by 30 June 2012 ( with a reduction of 10% being achieved by 30 June 2007). Reduce incidence of workplace injury by at least 40% by 30 June 2012 (with a reduction of 20% being achieved by 30 June 2007). NATIONAL PRIORITIES Areas Requiring National Action OHS awareness OHS skills Practical guidance National standards Incentives Strategic enforcement OHS data OHS research Compliance support 1. Reduce high incidence/severity risks 2. Improve capacity of business operators and workers to manage OHS 3. Prevent occupational disease more effectively 4. Eliminate hazards at the design stage 5. Strengthen capacity of government to influence OHS outcomes

26 South Africa Policy and Commitment Tripartite

27 South Africa

28 Where to get more information
SafeWork Website ( SafeWork secretariat Thank you

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