Presentation on theme: "Bloodborne Pathogens Training Program"— Presentation transcript:
1 Bloodborne Pathogens Training Program 01Collier County Public Schools
2 What is OSHA? Purpose?OSHA is the Occupational Safety and Health AdministrationTo establish safety and health standards which provide safe and healthful working conditions for every working man and woman.
3 Training Agenda The OSHA standard for Bloodborne Pathogens Terminology What Bloodborne diseases do we have to protect ourselves from?How are these diseases transmitted?How do we recognize a potential exposure?What is our Exposure Control Plan?What are the methods to control accidental exposure?
4 (agenda) HBV Vaccination Series Universal Precautions How to select PPEWarning Signs and LabelsProcedures if accidental exposure occursExposure Follow-upPost Exposure Follow-up
5 OSHA StandardLimit occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIMs)29 CFR Part States:Workers who have the potential (who could reasonably anticipate) to be exposed to blood or other potentially infectious materials must be protected from the diseases associated with these materials.
7 Universal Precautions!!!! Universal Precautions - a method of infection control which requires you to assume that all blood and all body fluids are considered potentially infectious.Treat all blood and body fluids as if they are known to be infectious for HIV, HBV, or other bloodborne pathogens.Help prevent infection through the use of protective barriers (PPE) and safe work practices.
8 (continued)Immediately wash any area of the body, and flush mucous membranes with water, after contact with blood or OPIMS.
9 Engineering Controlsare the primary methods used to prevent or reduce occupational exposure by either removing or isolating the hazard.
10 Safe Work Practice Controls* alter the manner in which a task is performed.
11 What is Personal Protective Equipment? Specialized clothing or equipmentGloves (disposable latex)Face masks, eye protectionProtective body clothing
12 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) The use of PPE helps prevent exposure to infectious materials.Gloves, eye protection, face shields, masks, gowns
13 HousekeepingThe work site must be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition.Use: dust pan, broom, tongs, mop, scrapers to handle spills and pick up sharp objects.
14 DiseasesWhat are the diseases associated with blood and other potentially infectious bodily fluids?HIV - HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSHBV - HEPATITIS B VIRUS
16 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus which causes AIDS.Needs a route of entry into the bodyA virus which attacks the body’s immune system, making it difficult or impossible to fight off diseaseResulting in illness from opportunistic infections, including pneumonia
17 HIVSpread through sexual contact, shared drug needles, injuries from sharp objects causing parenteral exposure, a blood splash into mucus membranes (eyes, nose, mouth), or contact with non-intact skin.Can be spread by blood or OPIMs such as semen, vaginal secretions, human tissue or organs, or body fluids contaminated with infected blood
18 HIV Symptoms Symptoms may not appear for years Fever Loss of appetite Weight LossChronic fatigueSkin rashesCurrently there is no cure for AIDS
19 HBV - HEPATITIS B 100 times easier to catch than HIV Inflammation of the liverVaccine is Available
20 HBV Symptoms Fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea Jaundice, mild fever, rashPain in jointsInflammation of liver or colonDarkened urine, diarrheaTenderness in abdomen
21 HBV Immunizations Available to all CCPS employees A series of 3 injections over a six month periodVaccine is safe and very effectiveConsent / Declination form
22 Means of Transmission Direct route of entry Blood or OPIM’s Parenteral exposure, scrapes, cuts, dermatitis, or mucous membranesBlood or OPIM’sSemen, vaginal secretions, amniotic fluid, saliva, human tissue, human organs, other bloody fluidsLives in dried blood for up to 7 days
23 HBV and HIV are NOT spread - Through casual contact, insect bites, by sharing food, or through the air.Sharing equipment, bathrooms, telephones, cafeterias, or water fountains with an infected person.Coughing or sneezing - the virus can only infect a person if it gets into his or her bloodstream.
24 Exposure Control Plan Identifies WHO is at risk Set of actions followed to reduce the risk of exposure to BBP.Identifies tasks which may present a risk for BBPIdentifies what to do in case of exposure
25 Who?Those individuals who are reasonably anticipated to have contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIMs).
26 Who?Incidental or “Good Samaritan “ acts are not considered occupational exposure.
27 When is there risk of exposure? When it is necessary to handle, clean or dispose of another's blood or any other potentially infectious body fluids, contaminated materials, objects, or surfaces.When encountering any body fluid under conditions that make it difficult to determine if it contains blood.
28 What do I do if I’m accidentally exposed to blood or OPIMs? Wash area thoroughly, remove any contaminated clothing, and decontaminate!See your supervisor to report the exposure incident.Follow-up with Medical Evaluation.
33 More Ways to Protect Yourself Don’t share personal care items such as:ToothbrushesRazorsPersonal hygieneNail clippers, scissors, filesPierced earrings
34 Make these precautions a habit: Practice Universal Precautions - treat ALL blood and potentially infectious materials as if they are infectious.Wash your hands with soap and water IMMEDIATELY after contact with blood or OPIMs and after removing gloves.Dispose of infectious waste carefully and in the appropriate RED or RED ORANGE biohazard containers or bags.
35 (continued) Take steps to protect yourself: Cover any broken skinWear gloves (double glove)Use other appropriate PPEGet the Hepatitis B Vaccination Series.Report any exposure incidents immediately.Use the medical assistance you’re offered.
36 QUESTIONS???????? The CDC National HIV/Aids Hotline (English)(Spanish)(TDD)American Liver Foundation
37 VideoBloodborne Pathogens Training Video (School Version) 15 min.
38 QuizBloodborne Pathogens Employee Training QuizPass / Fail
39 Thank you for your participation in this training session Thank you for your participation in this training session. Please contact the Department of Code Enforcement & Permitting if you have additional questions or concerns at extension 4372.