Why You Eat? Hunger –A feeling of physical discomfort caused by your body ’ s need for nutrients Appetite –A desire for food that is based on emotional & other factors rather than nutritional need Basal Metabolic Rate –The Rate at which you use energy when your body is at rest
Evaluating Food Choices FDA requires that food labels list specific nutrition facts about food FDA sets Standards about nutrient & health claims that can be printed on food labels Daily Values are listed on labels Labels include: open dates: sell by, best if used by & do not use after dates.
What Weight is Right For You? Depends on a variety of Factors: –Family History/ Natural Tendency –Individual Activity Level –Body Composition: body fat as compared to muscle & bone. Affected by Sex & Age
Body Mass Index Ratio of Your Weight to Your Height Can be Calculated using a Standard BMI Chart Other factors including body type can impact results
Overweight & Obesity Overweight: a person who is heavier than the standard for their height as is determined by the BMI chart Obesity: Adults who have a BMI of 30 or higher Many Health risks are associated with being Overweight/Obese –High BP, Diabetes, Heart Disease, High Cholesterol, Stroke, Certain Cancers
Underweight Underweight: A person who is lighter than the standard for their height as is determined by the BMI chart. Health Problems Linked to being Underweight Include: –Anemia, Heart Irregularities, Trouble Regulating Body Temperature, Amenorrhea in women
Tips for Healthy Weight Management: Avoid Dangerous Diet Plans, Fad Diets, Fasting, or any other Unsafe Ways to loose Weight Eat Nutritionally Balanced Meals & Snacks Get Regular Exercise Get the Recommended Amount of Sleep
Food Labels ~ Nutrition Facts Serving Size Servings Per Container CaloriesTotal Fat CholesterolSodiumTotal Carbs Dietary Fiber ProteinVitamins & Minerals Based on a 2000 calorie diet Ingredients listed in Order