2 First, what is journalism? Journalism is the activity of gathering, assessing, creating, and presenting news and information.The activity or profession of writing for newspapers or magazines or of broadcasting news on radio or television.
3 What is Broadcast Journalism? Broadcast journalism is news that is carried on radio, television, and the Internet.Broadcast journalism is a powerful medium, it can shape public opinion, touch hearts, influence, and inspire.
4 Social Media’s Affect Citizen Journalism (we will come back to this….) View and respond:Chat with partner- group discussionGood or bad?
5 How Broadcasting is Different Think about how seeing something on television or hearing a person on radio is different than seeing still photos and reading a story.Broadcasting ads an emotional element.Always make your stories accurate, use solid news judgment and strong writing.
6 Broadcast newsBroadcast Journalism is neither better nor worse than print journalismPrint journalism offers depth, context and information.Broadcast journalism –emotional appeal, realism, and immediacy.Can become “info-tainment.”
7 Broadcast news All the news that fits – and that’s really not much 70% of stories last less than one minute.75% of stories are local.Crime stories appear most often.Most stories of controversies give one point of view.
8 Writing for broadcast Stories require different styles Use friendlier, conversational tone.Keep it short. Simple. And easy to follow.Don’t use inverted-pyramid form.Use present tense as often as possible.Contractions are acceptable.Treat attributions and quotes differently.
9 Writing for broadcast In different media… Add phonetic pronunciation. Use punctuation to help – not hinder –delivery.Avoid abbreviations and symbols.Round off numbers and spell them out.While viewing the clip:-What tone does the reporter use?-how’s the length?-How is this human interest?K.I.S.S.-Example-
10 Radio news reporting Radio may be most challenging Write to your bites.Read stories aloud.Record natural sound.Paint word pictures.Best radio reportingConversational, yet concise.Friendly, yet authoritative.Snappy, yet eloquent.
11 Radio news reporting It takes practice to sound like a pro Record yourselfAdjust your deliveryMost common problems can be avoidedStudy the prosPractice!
12 Radio news reporting Anchor – person hosting newscast Common radio news terms & jargonAnchor – person hosting newscastActuality – sound biteNatural sound – ambient soundScript – written version of storyVoicer – news story that does not use actualitiesLead-in – words that introduce an element in the storyLive – not prerecorded
13 Radio news reporting Wrap – story begins and ends with reporter Common radio news terms & jargonWrap – story begins and ends with reporterIntro – the lead to a reporter’s wrapIn-cue – first words of a cut or wrapOut-cue –final words of a cut or wrapTag – closing line; also called sign-off, sig-out, lockout, standard outcueTalent – reporters, anchors, disc jockeysTease – brief headline or promo for coming story
14 Television news reporting TV journalism’s unique approachTalk into camera and depend on videoCollaborateWrite to the videoDon’t overload with factsEngage viewers emotionsLook professionalNotice these elements in this short clip:
15 Television news reporting TV journalism’s unique approachInterviewing tips (we will come back to this…..)Find locationMaintain eye contactRephrase and re-ask questionsWatch for good sound bitesAvoid “stepping on” sound bitesShoot cutaways
16 Television news reporting Common TV news terms & jargonAudio – sound heard on TVVideo – images seen on TVSound bite – recorded commentTrack – audio recording of reporterB-roll – video images shot at news scene (also called cover)Stand-up – shot of reporter at news scenePackage – story prepared by reporter
17 Television news reporting Common TV news terms & jargonAnchor intro –introduction to piece read by anchor (also called lead-in)Bridge – stand-up that moves story from one angle to anotherToss – what’s said as one reporter hands off to anotherOn cam – on-cameraVO – voice-overSOT – sound on tape
18 Television news reporting Common TV news terms & jargonRundown – order stories will appearPrompter – device that projects script for anchor to readTalking head – person being interviewed