2 How to prepare for your job search WHAT YOU’LL LEARNHow to prepare for your job searchProcedures for creating effective résumés and cover letters
3 WHY IT’S IMPORTANTMaking a good first impression on potential employers is essential to securing employment.
4 Social Security number work permit standard English references résumé KEY TERMSSocial Security numberwork permitstandard Englishreferencesrésumécover letter
5 Be Confident and Be Prepared You should display confidence and be positive every time you communicate with an employer by phone, in writing, or in person.
6 Be Prepared An employer will require you have certain documents. A Social Security number is a number issued by the federal government that is required for all workers.
7 Be PreparedA work permit shows that you have been advised of laws restricting the hours young people can work and the kinds of jobs they can hold.If you are under 16 (or 18 in some states), you will need a work permit.
8 Be PreparedA résumé lists your experience, education, and skills in a formal manner.Employers will see your résumé as a reflection of you, so make sure it is well written and polished.
9 Communicating Effectively Standard English is the form of writing and speaking you’ve learned in school.If you have trouble with grammar and usage, now is the time to polish those skills.
10 Filling Out the Job Application The job application form asks questions about your skills, work experience, education, and interests.
11 Filling Out the Job Application Read and follow directions exactly.Keep the application neat and clean.Make your statements positive.Keep your opinions open.Prepare any lists of information in advance.
12 Filling Out the Job Application References are people who will recommend you to an employer.Employers trust teachers and former employers most.
13 Filling Out the Job Application Get permission to use people as references.
14 Filling Out the Job Application Employers do not have the right to ask you about your:race,religion,sex,children, ormarital status.
15 Filling Out the Job Application You don’t have to tell if you’ve been arrested.You are required to tell if you’ve been convicted of a felony.
16 Preparing a Résumé A résumé is a brief summary of your: personal information,education,skills,work experience,activities, andinterests.
17 Preparing a Résumé A good résumé can get you an interview. A bad résumé can kill your chance for a job.Make yourself look good!
18 Preparing a RésuméIn your résumé, focus on your skills, education, and training.Don’t hesitate to include awards, hobbies, or activities.
19 Preparing a RésuméA résumé should usually not be longer than one page.It must be neatly printed, and there should be no errors in spelling, grammar, or usage.
20 Preparing a RésuméA chronological résumé gives your experience in time order, listing your most recent experience first.You organize your education and other information in the same reverse order.
21 Preparing a RésuméThe advantage of a chronological résumé is that is shows your growthin experience.It works best for a person with continuous work experience.
22 Preparing a RésuméA skills résumé is organized around your skills and accomplishments.The advantage of this résumé format is that you can emphasize your strengths.
23 Résumés Graphic Organizer 6.2 Chronological Résumé Skills Résumé Name, address,phoneList skillsand abilitiesseparatelyCategorizeskills andabilitiesObjectiveEducationList jobs,most recentfirstInclude jobexperiencein descriptionof skillsAwardsError-freeStandardEnglishNeatBothChapter 6 • Finding and Applying for a JobSucceeding in the World of Work
24 Electronic RésumésIncreasingly, companies copy and store résumés electronically.When companies need to hire someone, they do an electronic search of their stored résumés.
25 Electronic RésumésHere are some tips for making your résumé scannable:Keep the résumé clean.Use crisp, dark type.Avoid italics, underscores, and fancy type.continued
26 Electronic Résumés Use white paper. Use keywords in describing your experience.
27 Writing Cover Letters Always send a cover letter with your résumé. A cover letter is a one-page letter telling the employer who you are and why you’re sending your résumé.
28 Writing Cover LettersYour cover letter should reflect your understanding of the company and how you are able to meet its needs.
29 Writing Cover LettersThe opening paragraph of your cover letter should explain why you are writing.
30 Writing Cover LettersThe body of your cover letter should be your sales pitch.Highlight personal qualities, skills, and experiences that make you a good candidate for the job opening.
31 Writing Cover LettersThe closing paragraph should tell how you will follow up.Always include your telephone number in this paragraph so that the employer can contact you.
32 Writing Cover LettersYour cover letter should be free of errors in spelling and punctuation.If possible, ask someone else to proofread your cover letter.Try to personalize your cover letter.
33 Taking TestsA performance test evaluates how well you can do a particular task.A drug test is a blood or urine test for illegal drugs.A polygraph test is a lie detector test.
34 ETHICS in Action Mixed Messages Your uncle’s friend owns a music store in the mall, and he needs a part-time sales clerk. Your uncle left a message on your family’s answering machine to tell your older sister about the job and to let her know that his friend would be at the store this afternoon to interview her.continued
35 ETHICS in Action Mixed Messages THINK ABOUT IT You are also looking for a job, and you know that your sister is out with her friends and will not be home until tonight.THINK ABOUT ITWould you go to see your uncle’s friend about the job? Why or why not?
36 Key Concept Checkpoint SECTION 6.2 REVIEWKey Concept CheckpointComprehensionWhy should you use standard English throughout the job application process?continued
37 Key Concept Checkpoint SECTION 6.2 REVIEWKey Concept CheckpointComprehensionWhen is it appropriate to use a skills résumé rather than a chronological résumé?continued
38 Key Concept Checkpoint SECTION 6.2 REVIEWKey Concept CheckpointCritical ThinkingGiven the fact that all people make mistakes, why would a prospective employer be likely to disregard a résumé with only minor mistakes?