2 Instructions for Grammar Lessons Every time we have a grammar lesson you are expected to take notes.Since you will not be able to take the textbook home, your notes will help you with completing your homework and with studying for tests.You need to write down the vocabulary and any notes on the powerpoint.I may also write notes on the board which you will need to write down too.
3 Grammar Lesson 1 Vocab: Direct democracy: the people govern themselves Indirect democracy: the citizens do not directly handle the affairs of the government
4 Four Types of Sentences/Simple Subjects and Simple Predicates A sentence: a group of words that expresses a complete thoughtFour types:Declarative: makes a statement and ends with a periodInterrogative: asks a question and ends with a question markImperative: expresses a command or a request and ends with a period, or an !Exclamatory: shows excitement or strong feeling and ends with a !
5 Simple subject/simple predicate A sentence has two main parts, the subject and the predicateThe subject: the part that tells who or what the sentence is aboutThe predicate: the part that tells something about the subjectThe complete subject or predicate may consist of a single word or of many words.A subject or predicate consisting of many words always has an essential part that we call the simple subject or simple predicate
6 Simple SubjectThe main word or words in a sentence that tell who or what is doing or being something, or who or what the sentence is aboutIn an imperative sentence, the subject “you” is understood
7 Simple Predicate The verb A verb expresses action or being Sometimes the simple predicate contains more than one word, this is called the verb phraseSometimes the order of the subject and predicate is reversedIn interrogative sentences, we usually find parts of the predicate split by the subject
8 Grammar Lesson 2 Vocab: Advert: means to call attention to something Avert: means to turn away
9 Complete Sentences, Sentence Fragments, and Run-on Sentences Complete sentence: expresses a complete thought, has both a subject and predicateSentence fragments: a piece of a sentence that lacks a subject or a verb or bothRun-on sentences: two complete thoughts, written or spoken as one sentence without proper punctuation or connecting words
10 Grammar Lesson 3 Vocab: The Latin word bell- means war Bellicose means warlike, aggressive, and quarrelsomeAntebellum refers to times before a war, especially the American Civil War
11 Action Verbs/ Diagramming the Simple Subject and Simple Predicate Action verb: describes what the subject does, did, or will doA sentence can contain more than one action verbWe can make our writing more vivid and accurate by using descriptive and precise action verbsDiagramming: see notes on board