Presentation on theme: "The Birth of Christianity and the Fall of the Roman Empire"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Birth of Christianity and the Fall of the Roman Empire
2 I. Life of JesusJesus was born in the Roman province of Judea in a city called Bethlehem around 4 BC.History of Jesus is from the Gospels in the New TestamentHis followers were twelve men called disciples, which means student or pupil.
3 Jesus would preach justice, compassion, and the coming of God’s kingdom He would teach in parables or moral stories.Jesus angered the Jewish and Roman leaders because he forgave those who broke religious law, associated himself with sinners, and many claimed he was the “Messiah.”
4 Jesus was arrested as the Romans saw him as a threat to their authority Jesus was sentenced to death by crucifixion.According to the Gospels, he resurrected 3 days after his death.According to Christians, this proved Jesus’ divinity
5 II. Birth of Christianity Early Christians were converted JewsGentiles or Non-Jews would be accepted into the religion by Apostle Paul.Paul would spread Christianity throughout the Roman Empire because of the Roman Roads.Rome was tolerant of many religions but would not let them inspire rebellion or challenge authority.
6 III. Persecution of Christians When Gentiles joined the Christian movement, Rome became concernedChristians refused to worship the emperorChristianity appealed to slaves and women which caused alarmNero blamed the Christians for the fire in Rome in 64 AD.For the next 250 years, Christians would be tortured and killed for their beliefs. (Crucifixions, burnt alive, fed to lions, etc)
7 IV. Christianity spreads throughout the Roman Empire Constantine claimed the throne after a civil war broke out for control of RomeIn a battle for control of Rome, Constantine had a vision of a cross in the sky with the words “In this sign you will conquer.”He commanded that crosses will be placed on all shields and battle flagsConstantine would then stop the persecution of Christians and advance the power of Christians in the Roman EmpireIn 380 AD, Emperor Theodosius would make Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire
8 V. Economic DeclinePoor farming tactics caused food shortages and prices increaseTaxes were too high, that people stopped paying themWithout tax money, the army was not being paid so the empire relied on Germanic mercenaries.Slave labor=Worker unemploymentRoman currency becomes less valuable through inflation
9 VI. Diocletian Tried economic reforms liked fixed prices on food Ignored the Senate for absolute controlPut soldiers on empire’s bordersDivided empire into two parts (Eastern and Western)
10 VII. Constantine After civil war, Constantine reunites the empire Moves capital of the empire to Byzantium and renames it Constantinople (Today it is Istanbul)After his death, the empire would split once more
11 VIII. Germanic Invasions Asian nomadic warriors known as the Huns would drive Germanic tribes to search for new land and protection in the Roman Empire.Without proper defenses the Germanic tribes would attack different parts of the empire.Visigoths would ask for protection from the Romans, but were treated very badly and forced to pay high food prices.Germanic TribesOstrogoths-defeated by the HunsVisigoths-Rebelled and attacked RomeAngles and Saxons-would settle in the British IslandsFranks-settle in Gaul or present day FranceVandals-conquered Spain and northern Africa. Would vandalize the city of Rome.
13 In 410 AD, Visigoths led by Alaric captured Rome, marking the 1st time Rome was conquered in 800 years.Again in 455 AD, Vandals would enter Rome and loot the city.A Germanic General Odacer took control from the last Roman Emperor, Romulus Augustus, in 476 AD marking the historic fall of the Western Roman Empire
14 IX. Byzantine EmpireRome’s Eastern Empire would endure for 1000 more yearsStronger economically thanks to the convergence of trade between Asia, Africa, and EuropeCities were much larger and better fortified in the EastThe Black Sea would also serve as a natural barrier between Constantinople and potential invaders
17 E. Justinian Justinian would serve as Emperor from 527-565 AD Justinian was successful in reuniting parts of the Roman Empire, but would not have enough money to keep the territory.Justinian Code - Revised and created a uniform code of laws based on Roman Law. (Marriage, Slavery, property ownership, women’s rights, etc)Wife Theodora influenced him to give divorced women rights and Byzantine wives could own land.
18 X. Rise of the Catholic Church The Church of Rome would survive the Fall of the Western Roman Empire and would become the Roman Catholic Church.With no emperor in the West, the Pope would begin to accumulate power.The Pope claimed he was the head of all Christian churches including the Byzantine Empire, which caused a feud since the Emperor was the head of the Church in the EastThe Two sides would not help each other militarily when outsiders would invadeThe Pope turned to a loyal Germanic Tribe, the Franks and their leader CharlemagneThe Pope would make Charlemagne the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, which angered the ByzantinesThe two sides excommunicated each other which caused a split into two churches:Roman Catholic ChurchEastern Orthodox Church