Presentation on theme: "Scotland Scotland We look to Scotland for all our ideas of civilisation -- Voltaire."— Presentation transcript:
Scotland Scotland We look to Scotland for all our ideas of civilisation -- Voltaire
Scotland: Profile Area - Total 78,772 km Population - 2007 estimate 5,144,200 Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Anthem: None (de jure) Flower of Scotland Official languages English Recognized regional languages Gaelic, Scots Demonym Scottish Government Constitutional monarchy - Monarch Elizabeth II Patron saint St. Andrew
Scotland is one of four nations which form the United Kingdom. Scotland is divided into three main regions; the Highlands, the Midland Valley and the Southern Uplands. The cities of Edinburgh, Glasgow and Dundee together with numerous towns, most of the population and the majority of Scotland's industry is located within the Midland Valley. Scotland includes 787 islands, of which most belong to groups known as the Hebrides, Orkney and Shetland.
Traditions. Clothes The usual garment associated with the patterned woollen cloth (known as tartan) is the kilt. It was widely worn by Highland Scots in the past. Tartans are different in colour. Do you know why?
SCOTTISH MUSIC An example of a traditional Scottish Instrument is a bagpipe, a wind instrument. The fiddle and accordion are also traditional Scottish instruments, the latter two widely used in Scottish country dance bands. Today, there are many successful Scottish bands and individual artists in varying styles.
Alexander Graham Bell 1847 - 1922) Born in Edinburgh. Having emigrated to Canada and later the USA, Bell became the inventor of the telephone in 1876.
Robert Louis Stevenson (1850 - 1894) Author. His works included "Kidnapped" and "Treasure Island". Suffered from poor health and died in Samoa.
William Wallace (1274 - 1305) Outlaw and defender of Scottish independence. Defeated the army of Edward I at the Battle of Stirling Bridge. Shortly after Wallace's execution, Robert the Bruce was able to re-establish Scotland's independence.Robert the Bruce
Oor Wullie (1936 - ) An almost legendary cartoon character appearing weekly in the almost as legendary "Sunday Post" newspaper. This mischievous dungaree-wearing boy is known for uttering "Jings! Crivvens! Help ma Boab!". He was created by Dudley D. Watkins, also known for The Broons and Desperate Dan.
Adam Smith (1723 - 1790) Economist. His book "Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations" was the corner- stone of the concept of political economy. Born in Kirkaldy, he was a professor at the University of Glasgow.
Sir Walter Scott Prodigious writer, patriot and enthusiast for all things Scottish. The publication of Waverley in 1814 made him Britain’s most popular historical novelist. His other works include Marmion (1808), The Antiquary (1816), Rob Roy (1817), Heart of Midlothian (1818), Ivanhoe (1819), The Bride of Lammermoor (1819), Kenilworth (1821), St. Ronan's Well (1823), The Talisman (1825), The Fair Maid of Perth (1828) and Tales of a Grandfather (1830). Scott was also a translator, biographer (of Napoleon) and passionate collector of all things Scottish
Maiden Stone Legend There was a maiden accosted by a handsome young man. He boasted that he could build a road in the less time than it would take for her to bake a loaf of bread. The maiden thought this an idle boast and agreed to the wager with herself as the prize. When the young man did indeed build the road before she could bake a loaf of bread, she realized he was the devil in disguise. She tried to flee and the devil grabbed her by the shoulder. As she wrenched away, she prayed to be turned to stone rather than be the devil's bride. Her wish was granted.
Maiden Stone The Maiden stone stands 10 foot high with Pictish symbols on one side of the stone and a Celtic cross on the reverse side. It has dated to the 9th century. Do you know the Maiden stone legend??
Презентация выполнена Баклановой Н.Ю. Санкт-Петербург 2008