4 Follow Food Guide Pyramid Recommendations Bread, cereal, rice & pasta group * servingsFruit group *2 - 4 servingsVegetable group *3 - 5 servingsMeat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs & nuts group*2 - 3 servingsMilk, yogurt & cheese group *2 - 3 servings(teenagers servings)Fats, oils & sweets *use sparingly
5 Understand aesthetic guidelines of meal planning colortextureflavortemperaturesize and shapepreparation methodnutritional variety
6 Seven items that you need to look at before planning meals. The circumstances, values, and ways families manage their resources from house to house are very different in terms of meal preparation. Have the students give an example of a time they ate at someone else’s home and how the food, as well as the circumstances under which it was eaten, was very different from what they normally experience.
7 Family Size:This affects the amount of money needed, the preparation time, and the style of table service preferred.
8 Age:Babies, children, teenagers and parents need different foods and don’t eat the same amount.
9 Activity Level:Activity Level: With more exercise, the body requires more energy.
10 Food Preferences:Food Preferences: All families don’t like the same kinds of foods because of culture and traditions.
11 Time:Time: Recipes vary greatly in preparation time required. When there is little time, fix foods requiring little time.
12 Special Diets:Special Diets: Health considerations such as diabetes, high blood pressure, lactose intolerance, ulcer, stroke, and heart problems influence what people eat. What are some examples of foods some people must limit and why?
13 Food Budget:Food Budget: If money is limited, foods from basic ingredients prepared from scratch may be a better choice than fast food or convenience foods. Some families don’t realize this and the fact that they could help themselves out of a trying financial situation with their food budget.
14 Time Management Organize kitchen Assemble all ingredients before beginningWork on several items at the same time (dovetail)Clean up as you goImplementing time-saving shopping strategiesPreparing larger quantities of food at one time and freezing some for laterEvaluate the use of convenience foods to save time; may increase expense and lower qualityAt times the time saved may be of greater value than the additional expense
16 Budgeting and Shopping Strategies to Meal Management prepare a shopping list - group similar foods together to be efficientcheck cupboards/pantry to avoid duplicationfamiliarize yourself with the store layoutcomparison shopping - compare unit prices and cost per servingavoid damaged goods and frozen packages with ice crystals on outsidecheck dates on the packageplan meals around store specialscheck ads for loss leaders
17 Budgeting and Shopping Strategies to Meal Management stick to the list to avoid impulse buyingshop aloneavoid shopping when hungry or tiredlimit shopping trips - the more trips to the store the more money spentpurchase what you can use and storequantity buying can benefit if the item is used frequentlytake advantage of sales of frequently used items; case lot salesbuy foods in season for best pricesusing a calculator while shopping can help keep track of money spent while shopping
18 Eating Outmore and more meals are eaten outside the home or prepared and brought into the homegreater variety of types of foods are available; keep in mind the food pyramid and dietary guidelinefast food meals often are higher in fat and salt than home-prepared mealsportion sizes may be larger which often encourages overeatingon a limited budget reducing the amount of food eaten out can save money