Presentation on theme: "Media Literacy Week 13. According to Webster’s Dictionary, a fallacy is an error in reasoning or a flawed argument. It’s an argument that does not."— Presentation transcript:
According to Webster’s Dictionary, a fallacy is an error in reasoning or a flawed argument. It’s an argument that does not conform to the rules of logic, but appears to be sound.
What might be the impact of being told that we are not pretty, handsome, rich, clean, or good enough? What does the casual acceptance of surrounding ourselves with fallacies say about us? Watch this video that has some examples of fallacies in advertising.
1. Ad hominem (meaning "against the person")—attacks the person and not the issue 2. Appeal to emotions—manipulates people's emotions in order to get their attention away from an important issue 3. Bandwagon—creates the impression that everybody is doing it and so should you 4. False dilemma—limits the possible choices to avoid consideration of another choice 5. Appeal to the people—uses the views of the majority as a persuasive device 6. Scare tactic—creates fear in people as evidence to support a claim 7. False cause—wrongly assumes a cause and effect relationship 8. Hasty generalization (or jumping to conclusions)—draws a conclusion about a population based on a small sample 9. Red herring—presents an irrelevant topic to divert attention away from the original issue 10. Traditional wisdom—uses the logic that the way things used to be is better than they are now, ignoring any problems of the past
Find at least 6 of the different types of ad. For each ad you find, place it on your weebly. Under each ad, state what type of fallacy is used.
In your groups selected from last class, narrow down which person in your group is responsible for which type of medium (television, radio, tv, billboard, etc.) Next decide which person is going to use which fallacy in their advertisement. At least four different fallacies need to be used for each group. Write up your script, design your billboard, and make your website for your product (weebly). As a group you must decide which age group you are targeted to buy and consume your product. All your ads need to appeal to this age group and you need to be able to justify why it does appeal to that age group.