2 Highway Transportation System The Highway Transportation System(HTS) – has three parts: people, vehicles, and roadways. The purpose of the HTS is to move people and cargo from one place to another in a safe, efficient, and economical manner.
3 Parts of the HTSPeopleRoadway users – are people who use the HTS by walking, driving, or riding
4 Parts of the HTS Vehicles Any vehicle that uses the HTS ranging from a moped to a tractor trailerRoadwaysAny road ranging from a dirt road to a multilane expressway
5 Regulating the HTS Laws are passed to make up the vehicle code Enforcement agencies assure that laws are obeyedMotor vehicle departments set rules to assure that driver and vehicle standards are metCourts decide whether drivers charged with violating the laws are guilty or innocentHighway traffic engineer’s plan, build, and maintain the complex system of roadways
6 Your Driving TaskDriving Task – includes all the social, physical, and mental skills required to driveUse knowledge and visual skillsObey traffic lawsJudge time and spaceAnticipating how your car will respond under normal and emergency conditions
7 Driving TaskSocial Skills - Driving requires you to interact successfully with peoplePhysical Skills – You must learn the physical skills of driving so well that they become natural habit. Beginning drivers need to concentrate heavily on the physical skills of driving. More experienced drivers can focus on the social and mental aspects of driving
8 Driving TaskMental Skills – IPDE Process – is a process of seeing, thinking, and respondingIdentify – important information in the ongoing driving scenePredict – when and where possible points of conflict will developDecide – when, where , and how to communicate, adjust speed, and change position to avoid conflictExecute – the right action to prevent conflict
9 Driving Responsibilities Driving is a privilege not a right. The privilege is based on the assumption that you will be responsible and obey traffic laws.If you do not handle this responsibility, you have the power to ruin your life and the life of others
10 CollisionsA collision occurs when a vehicle conflicts with and hits another objectCollision is a more accurate term than accident. Because accident implies that something just happened by chanceCollision are a major cause of injury and death
11 Causes of Collisions Driver error is the most common Following a vehicle to closelyDriving to fast for conditionsDriving after using drugs or alcoholDriving while very tired
12 Reporting Collisions A driver must notify the police if: -They hit a parked car-An accident involves:-Property damage-Injury-Death-Vehicle damage
13 City DrivingDefensive Drivers should use extra caution when driving in a city.Follow the 12-second Rule:A driver should be able to see an object far enough ahead so that it takes at least 12 seconds to get to it.
14 Environmental responsibility Air pollutionChemical spillsHow can you manage this?Buy fuel efficient vehiclesReducing driving by car pooling or public transportation
15 ActivityActivity: Get into your groups and create a list of all the types of licenses you can think of available in NJ…-Probationary Automobile License-Basic Automobile License-Commercial Driver License-Motorcycle License-Moped License-Agricultural License-Boat License
16 Your Driver’s LicenseLicensing Process – is designed to make sure that only safe drivers are allowed on the roads by requiring written, physical, and driving examsGraduated Driver Licensing Program – Series of stages that a young driver must go through to get full privilege license
17 Early Bird Road Step 1 (Get Permit) -Must be 16 years old -Must have Parent consent-Must be enrolled in 6-hour behind-the-wheel training course-Instructor must purchase the permit-Must pass knowledge test-Must pass vision test-Must pay $10 feeStep 2 (Practice)-Must practice at least 6 monthsStep 3 (Get Probationary License)-Must complete 6 months supervised practice (no violations)-Must pass DMV Road test-Must be 17 years old- $ 6 Fee for Provisional LiicenseStep 4 (Practice)-Practice unsupervised driving for at least one yearStep 5 (Get Basic Driver License)-Must be 18 years old-Must complete one year unsupervised driving (no violations)-Must pay $24 fee
18 Your Driver’s License Special Learner’s Permit Stage At 16 the student receives permit to drive when supervised by an adult(21) with 3 years experiencePermit must be held for at least six months and the student must have no collisions or violation during this timeNo driving between 11:01 PM and 5:00 AMPassengers can be from the same household, but only one other personMust display red GDL stickersNo cell phones or electronicsCan only drive in New Jersey
19 Examination Permit Step 1 (Get Examination Permit) -Must be 17 years old-Does Not need 6 hour behind the wheel training-Must have Parent consent-Must pass knowledge test-Must pass vision test-Must pay $10 feeStep 2 (Practice)-Must practice at least 6 monthsStep 3 (Get Probationary License)-Must complete 6 months supervised practice (no violations)-Must pass DMV Road testStep 4 (Practice)-Practice unsupervised driving for at least one yearStep 5 (Get Basic Driver License)-Must be 18 years old-Must complete one year unsupervised driving (no violations)-Must pay $24 fee
20 Examination Permit No driving between 11:01 p.m. and 5:00 a.m. -No cell phones (including hands-free) or electronics-Student must have supervising adult who is 21 years old and has had theirdriver license for a minimum of 3 years-Only allowed one additional passenger plus parent/guardian or dependents of the permit holder (unless parent/guardian is in the car)-All passengers must wear seatbelts-GDL decals must be displayed
21 Provisional License No driving between 11:01 p.m. and 5:00 a.m. -No cell phones (including hands-free) or electronics-Only allowed one additional passenger plus any dependents of the license holder (unless parent/guardian is in the car or driver is over 21)-All passengers must wear seatbelts-GDL decals must be displayed
22 Violations of any of the GDL restrictions may result in $100 fine or possible suspension of driving privileges.
23 Implied Consent Programs In most states you are asked to sign a statement when you get your license saying that you agree to take an breathalyzer test on requestIf you refuse, you will lose your license