10 Writing Style in Letters The writing style you should use (i.e. informal, formal or semi-formal) depends on who you are writing to.More specifically:when you are writing to someone you know well (a close relative,your bestfriend, etc.) you should use informal style.when you are writing to someone you don’t know, or to someone who is in authority (the manager of a hotel, a doctor, etc) you should use formal style.when you are writing to someone you do not know very well , orsomeone you want to be polite and respectful to (a friend's parents,Your teacher, etc) you should use semi-formal style.
11 Characteristics of informal letters: ADDRESS & DATEi.e. your address in the top, right-hand corner, followed by the date.GREETING(e.g. Dear John, Dear Mum, etc.)INFORMAL LANGUAGE(e.g. I've been meaning to write to you for ages; Don't worry; By the way; It was a piece of cake; We can give it a try, etc)ENDING(e.g. Yours/Love/Best wishes!Regards/etc +your first name)
12 Informal Letters Opening remarks in informal letlers may include: a) questions/Wishes about recent events, the person's health, etcb) a thank you to the person for their last letter,comments about their newsc) an apology for a delay in writing/replyingd) the reason why you are writingClosing remarks in informal letters may include:e) the reason why you must end the letterf) greetings to the person's family/friendsg) wishes, a promise (e.g. to write again soon), an invitation, etch) a request to the person to reply soon
13 Informal StyleWhen writing friendly letters, you normally use informal style. Informal writing is characterised by the use of: • everyday vocabulary (e.g. I had a great time) • colloquial expressions and ldioms (e.g.drop me a line) • phrasal verbs (e.g.get on, settle in) • short forms (e.g. can't, don't, I'm, I’ll)
14 Informal main body paragraphs In informal letters you usually talk about more than one topic.These topics will be discussed in the main body of your letter. You should begin a new paragraph for each topic.Para 1: OpeningremarksPara 2: Tell friend about successPara 3: Describe plans for futurePara 4: Closing remarks
16 Characteristics of formal letters: ADDRESS & DATEyour address as well as the recipient's address. Your address in the top, right-hand corner, followed by the date. The recipient's position, the name and address of the company, organisation, etc on the lefthandside.GREETING (e.g. Dear Mrs Davis - when you know the person's name DearSir/Madam – when you do not know the person's name)FORMAL LANGUAGE (e.g. I am writing with regard to your advertisement; Iwould appreciate a reply at your earliest convenience; The product which was delivered, proved to be faulty; etc)ENDING (e.g. Yours sincerely/ faithfully +your full name)* NOTE: when you begin with Dear Mr/Mrs/Ms Marcus, you should endwith Yours sincerely +your full name.When you begin with Dear Sir/Madam, you should end with Yours faithfully +your fullname.
17 You can write a formal letter to apply for a job/course, make a complaint, give/request official information, etc
18 Formal style is characterised by the use of: ADVANCED VOCABULARY I am writing to enquire whether… (not: I WANT TO ASK IF FORMAL LINKING WORDS/PHRASES (consequently, however, therefore, for this reason) I have worrked as a primary school teacher for 10 years and therefore have experience working with children. PASSIVE VOICE I can be contacted (not: YOU CAN CONTACT ME POLITE FORMS WITHOUT CONTRACTIONS I would be grateful if …, I would appreciate it if you could…; I would like to apply … (not: I’D LIKE … Colloquial expressions, phrasal verbs, idioms and short forms are not used in formal style.
21 Characteristics of semi-formal letters: ADDRESS & DATEi.e. your address in the top righthand corner, followed by the dateGREETINGDear Mr/Mrs/Ms+ person‘s surname (e.g. Dear Mrs Marcus)SEMI-FORMAL LANGUAGEENDING(e.g. Regards/Best wishes/etc + your first name or full name)
23 TRANSACTIONAL LETTERS Are letters which respond to written information. The information may be in the form of advertising, letters, invitations, notes as well as visual prompts such as maps, drawings, etc.
24 TRANSACTIONAL LETTERS Transaction letters can be of any type!The style of writing can be formal, semi-formal or informal, depending on who you are writing to!
25 Listening 4Look at the advertisement and the notes in your handouts. Listen to the track and tick the points in the notes A-K which have been introduced in the letter.
27 Reference Successfu;l writing OXFORD Wordpower – dictionary for learners of EnglishLetter Writing & Sample Letters -Letter Writing Rules -Letter Writing -Letter Writing Sample letters -Useful Phrases Phrases for Personal and Social Correspondence -Useful Phrases Phrases for Letters about Employment -Useful Phrases Phrases for Business Letters -