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Dulce Vargas Daetz Lourdes Catalán

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1 Dulce Vargas Daetz Lourdes Catalán
HOW TO TEACH LISTENING Dulce Vargas Daetz Lourdes Catalán

2 What does listening involve ?
Listening is the ability to identify and understand what others are saying. What does listening involve ? Identifying information. Searching memories. Relating that information to those memories. Filling it in the proper spot. Creating a new place for it.

3 WHY TEACH LISTENING? Students hear different accents and varieties.
Listening helps students to acquire language subconsciously. Listening is a receptive skill. Education. Mass communication.

4 Principles of teaching listening comprehension
Let students understand how foreigners speak English and build students sensitivities. All teachers can do is give them some guidelines provide an opportunity for meaningful practice and trust they will learn these things for themselves. ( Buck,1995)

5 How to prepare students for listening tasks?
Make it relevant to students ( interesting) Provide background knowledge. Pre-Listening exercise to activate content. Use a variety of activities.

6 Listening activities to overcome the difficulties
Giving them charts/categories Asking questions ahead of time. Showing pictures/charts. Discussing the topic first. Describing the context. Role playing the situation. Providing key word list. Brainstorming(situations/pros/cons) Predicting Doing follow-ups that allows them to connect directly with their lives.

7 WHAT A DIFFICULT TASK… Teaching listening skills is one of the most difficult tasks for any ESL teacher. Sometimes students feel frustrated because they find listening difficult… Why?

8 DIFFICULTIES Students are trying to understand every word.
Students go back trying to understand what a previous word meant. Students just don’t know the most important words. Students don’t recognize the words they know. Students have problems with different accents. Students get tired. Students have mental block. Students are distracted. Students cannot cope without images. Students have hearing problems.

9 TIPS Pre-Listening Encourage your students to do their best.
Make sure students know what they are listening for before you start listening. Give questions to check students comprehension. Check for any words that your students may not know.

10 Check for any words that your students may not know.
Short listening. Stop the recording.

11 TIPS Try to play the recording once for overall comprehension and then for specific details. Take notes ( dates, places, people). Repeat the recording especially in the difficult parts. While - Listening

12 After / Post- Listening
TIPS After / Post- Listening Compare their notes in small groups. Encourage debates and answer questions. Write a summary of the main points and then compare. Make a list of any new vocabulary.

13 Here are some suggestions :
Important Teachers have to try to use as many different sources of listening material as they can. advertisements, news programs, poetry, songs, extracts from plays, speeches, lectures, telephone conversations, informal dialogues. Here are some suggestions :

14 Ideas to make the best listening activities ever
1 Reduce distractions and noise during the listening segment. 2 make sure the equipment produces acceptable sound quality. 3 Read or play the text a total of 2-3 times. Play a video clip with the sound off and ask students to make predictions about it. 4 5 Give students a listening task to do between classes.

15 Other listening activities
Follow-up activities -More listening -Writing activities -Role-playing Use activities to wake up ss -Jazz chants -Jokes -Puzzles -Poems

Dulce Vargas Daetz Lourdes Catalán

17 Teaching Tips Step 1 : Presenting new words
Step 2 : Helping ss remember new words. Step 3: Making sure ss make the new words their own. Online resourses.

18 Step 1 Presenting new words
Using visual images. Using gestures & actions. Showing lexicial relations. Words in context. Guessing Predicting Other techniques.

19 Using gestures & actions Showing lexical relations
Using visual images Using gestures & actions Showing lexical relations Realia Pictures Masking Drawing scales Mime Gesture Facial expression action Synonyms Antonyms Collocatio n Prefixes & suffixes

20 Words in context Guessing / predicting Other techniques Dialogues
Role play Drama Stories Songs Rhymes & poems videos Stories, characters, etc. Using a dictionary. Explaining Describing Defining the context translating

21 Helping students remember new words
Step 2 Helping students remember new words Using memorizing games & activities. Using review games. Learning with friends.

22 Using memorizing games & activities
Review Games Giving directions Picture dictation Matching words Labeling words Searching words Sequencing words Guessing words Eliminating words. Classifying words. Wordsearch games Picture labeling Crosswords Bingo Dominoes Puzzles Charts or survey for their peers.

23 Socio-affectively Students can :
Practice words with a classmates or in a group. Teach a word to a member of the family or peer. Make and play word game with friends. Peer test.

24 Making sure students make
Step 3 Making sure students make the new words their own Vocabulary records system. Personalizing the new words

25 Vocabulary record system- 1
Vocabulary books In a alphabetical order. By topic or situation. By grammatical groups. By color sets. By story features.

26 Vocabulary record system- 2 Personal dictionary ( word notebook)
Marking word stress. Adding pictures. Putting and L1 translation. Putting the word into context. Adding a synonym. Mapping a word family.

27 Personalize the new words
Keeping a learning log ( blogs). Keeping a diary ( blogs ) Creative writing by using newly learned words or phrases. Looking for recently learned words in storybooks, the internet, the newspapers, etc. and noticing how they are used.

28 Meta-cognitively , learners learn how to
Self-test. Look for patterns in words. Plan & organize a vocabulary record keeping system. Learn words in their preferred ways . Reflect on learning and reviewing regularly. Monitor vocabulary learning.

29 Thank you for your attention

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