Presentation on theme: "Dulce Vargas Daetz Lourdes Catalán"— Presentation transcript:
1 Dulce Vargas Daetz Lourdes Catalán HOW TO TEACH LISTENINGDulce Vargas DaetzLourdes Catalán
2 What does listening involve ? Listening is the ability to identify and understand what others are saying.What does listening involve ?Identifying information.Searching memories.Relating that information to those memories.Filling it in the proper spot.Creating a new place for it.
3 WHY TEACH LISTENING? Students hear different accents and varieties. Listening helps students to acquire language subconsciously.Listening is a receptive skill.Education.Mass communication.
4 Principles of teaching listening comprehension Let students understand how foreigners speak English and build students sensitivities.All teachers can do is give them some guidelines provide an opportunity for meaningful practice and trust they will learn these things for themselves. ( Buck,1995)
5 How to prepare students for listening tasks? Make it relevant to students( interesting)Provide background knowledge.Pre-Listening exercise to activate content.Use a variety of activities.
6 Listening activities to overcome the difficulties Giving them charts/categoriesAsking questions ahead of time.Showing pictures/charts.Discussing the topic first.Describing the context.Role playing the situation.Providing key word list.Brainstorming(situations/pros/cons)PredictingDoing follow-ups that allows them to connect directly with their lives.
7 WHAT A DIFFICULT TASK…Teaching listening skills is one of the most difficult tasks for any ESL teacher.Sometimes students feel frustrated because they find listening difficult… Why?
8 DIFFICULTIES Students are trying to understand every word. Students go back trying to understand what a previous word meant.Students just don’t know the most important words.Students don’t recognize the words they know.Students have problems with different accents.Students get tired.Students have mental block.Students are distracted.Students cannot cope without images.Students have hearing problems.
9 TIPS Pre-Listening Encourage your students to do their best. Make sure students know what they are listening for before you start listening.Give questions to check students comprehension.Check for any words that your students may not know.
10 Check for any words that your students may not know. Short listening.Stop the recording.
11 TIPSTry to play the recording once for overall comprehension and then for specific details.Take notes ( dates, places, people).Repeat the recording especially in the difficult parts.While - Listening
12 After / Post- Listening TIPSAfter / Post- ListeningCompare their notes in small groups.Encourage debates and answer questions.Write a summary of the main points and then compare.Make a list of any new vocabulary.
13 Here are some suggestions : ImportantTeachers have to try to use as many different sources of listening material as they can.advertisements, news programs, poetry, songs, extracts from plays, speeches, lectures, telephone conversations, informal dialogues.Here are some suggestions :
14 Ideas to make the best listening activities ever 1Reduce distractions and noise during the listening segment.2make sure the equipment produces acceptable sound quality.3Read or play the text a total of 2-3 times.Play a video clip with the sound off and ask students to make predictions about it.45Give students a listening task to do between classes.
15 Other listening activities Follow-up activities-More listening-Writing activities-Role-playingUse activities to wake up ss-Jazz chants-Jokes-Puzzles-Poems
16 HOW TO TEACH VOCABULARY Dulce Vargas DaetzLourdes Catalán
17 Teaching Tips Step 1 : Presenting new words Step 2 : Helping ss remember newwords.Step 3: Making sure ss make the new words their own.Online resourses.
18 Step 1 Presenting new words Using visual images.Using gestures & actions.Showing lexicial relations.Words in context.Guessing PredictingOther techniques.
19 Using gestures & actions Showing lexical relations Using visual imagesUsing gestures & actionsShowing lexical relationsRealiaPicturesMaskingDrawingscalesMimeGestureFacial expressionactionSynonymsAntonymsCollocatio nPrefixes & suffixes
20 Words in context Guessing / predicting Other techniques Dialogues Role playDramaStoriesSongsRhymes & poemsvideosStories, characters, etc.Using a dictionary.ExplainingDescribingDefining the contexttranslating
21 Helping students remember new words Step 2Helping students remember new wordsUsing memorizing games & activities.Using review games.Learning with friends.
22 Using memorizing games & activities Review GamesGiving directionsPicture dictationMatching wordsLabeling wordsSearching wordsSequencing wordsGuessing wordsEliminating words.Classifying words.Wordsearch gamesPicture labelingCrosswordsBingoDominoesPuzzlesCharts or survey for their peers.
23 Socio-affectively Students can : Practice words with a classmates or in a group.Teach a word to a member of the family or peer.Make and play word game with friends.Peer test.
24 Making sure students make Step 3Making sure students makethe new words their ownVocabulary records system.Personalizing the new words
25 Vocabulary record system- 1 Vocabulary booksIn a alphabetical order.By topic or situation.By grammatical groups.By color sets.By story features.
26 Vocabulary record system- 2 Personal dictionary ( word notebook) Marking word stress.Adding pictures.Putting and L1 translation.Putting the word into context.Adding a synonym.Mapping a word family.
27 Personalize the new words Keeping a learning log ( blogs).Keeping a diary ( blogs )Creative writing by using newly learned words or phrases.Looking for recently learned words in storybooks, the internet, the newspapers, etc. and noticing how they are used.
28 Meta-cognitively , learners learn how to Self-test.Look for patterns in words.Plan & organize a vocabulary record keeping system.Learn words in their preferred ways .Reflect on learning and reviewing regularly.Monitor vocabulary learning.