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HEALTH EDUCATION Věra Kernová National Institute of Public Health Prague.

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Presentation on theme: "HEALTH EDUCATION Věra Kernová National Institute of Public Health Prague."— Presentation transcript:

1 HEALTH EDUCATION Věra Kernová National Institute of Public Health Prague

2 Health Education Definition - WHO n Process of providing information and advice related to healthy lifestyle and encouraging the development of knowledge, attitudes and skills aimed at behaviour change of individuals or communities. n Enables and influences controll over own´s health leading to optimalization of attitudes and habits related to lifestyle and increasing quality of life.

3 Health Education Policy n Is the component of a national health policy covering different sectors (M. of Health, M. of Education, etc). n National Institute of Public Health (NIPH) serves as the methodical centre for public health institutes and other organizations (Law No. 258/2000).

4 Health Education Activities n Integrated into local, regional or national programmes implementing the aims of the Health 21 Programme. n Education of individuals, communities and the whole population of all age, social and ethnic groups.

5 Health Education Main principles n Supported by the latest knowledge from research (medicine, sociology, psychology). n A systematic, comprehensive and consistent activity. n Adapted to age, gender, education and particular health, mental or social problems of an individual or community (school, entreprise, city). n Encourages personal investment of an individual. n Respects environment of an individual.

6 Health Education Methods n Drawing attention to a particular problem – billboards, TV spots, posters, campaigns (NIPH - Quit Smoking, 3rd Medical Faculty, IFMSA - Smoke free party) n Providing basic information – warning, recommendation, advice – leaflets, calendars, articles in newspapers, TV and radio broadcasts

7 Health Education Methods n n Providing more detailed information and guidelines – education focused on the attitude change (brochures, manuals, books, lectures, discussions, internet) n n Methods and guidelines focused on the behaviour change – intervention procedures (sets of guidelines, interactive PC programmes, recipes, manuals, exhibitions, courses and systematic educational plans).

8 Health Education Implementation n NIPH – methodical guidance, producing printed and video educational materials at the national level. n PH Institutes – coordinate health education in the regions. n Collaboration with NGOs, schools, TV, radio, media, etc.

9 Health Education Priorities Children and Youth n Preschool age – healthy nutrition, physical activity, personal hygiene, daily regimen, basics on prevention of most common diseases, communication with physician n School age – healthy lifestyle, regimen of work and rest, mental hygiene, sexual education, education against smoking and drug abuse, prevention of most common diseases n Adolescent age – healthy lifestyle, sexual education, HIV/AIDS, drugs, smoking, selection of a profession

10 Preschool Age examples of publications

11 School Age examples of publications

12 Adolescents examples of publications

13 Health Education Priorities n Parents – education of children, healthy lifestyle,smoking, alkoholism and drug abuse in children and youth, principles of prevention and treatment of most common diseases, orientation in the health care system n Adults – healthy life style, impact of working and living environment on health, mental hygiene – stress, principles of prevention and treatment of most common diseases, orientation in the health care system

14 Role of Parents examples of publications

15 Role of School examples of publications

16 Health Education Priorities n Seniors – lifestyle, adaptation to a lower physical and mental capacity related to age, principles of prevention and treatment of most common diseases, orientation in the social and health care system n Patients – advices related to a disease, diets, recommendations related to compensation of health disorders, health aids

17 Health Education Communities n Based on knowledge of their demographic and social specificities (gender, age, education, ethnicity, employment) n Messages are more general and comprehensible for all community members n Positive motivation – positive aspects and outcomes are stressed more then negative ones

18 Health Education in Communities Strategies n Building collaborating team (physician, PH officer, health counsellor, NGO, schools, municipality, entreprise) n Partnership and national networks (Healthy Cities, Healthy Schools), EU projects n Providing regular information – media, bulletins n Motivation actions related to days acknowledged by WHO – Health Day, Global Day without Tobacco, Mental Health Week, International Day of Fight against HIV/AIDS, etc.

19 Health Education in Communities Strategies n Campaigns: * Quit and Win * Quit and Win * Physical Activity towards Health * Physical Activity towards Health n Connecting local, regional and national campaigns is more effective n Presentation of positive examples of behaviour in public personalities (models)

20 Social marketing n Dated back in 1930s, developed in 1970 in USA from marketing of products and services n Effective method of promoting activities related to health and health care n Strategies which address selected groups of population with the aim of influencing and changing attitudes of people related to social values, esp. health related behaviour. n Planning, surveys on attitudes of population groups, collaboration with massmedia, lobbing

21 Health Education Intervention Programmes n National Health Programme of CR – health promotion programmes (grant system) n Effetive projects use combination of interventions on individual and community levels – e.g. programmes of prevention of CVD, breast cancer, etc. n Effective projects are based on intersectoral collaboration (collaborating team)

22 Health Education Primary Health Care n Principal role of outpatient services and practitioners n Increasing role of nurses in primary prevention – counselling – e.g. prevention of breast cancer, preventive examinations n H.e. is a part of the treatment plan and recommendations n Collaboration with counselling services of the PH Institutes on lifestyle – focused on positive behaviour changes and lowering of risk profile

23 References n World Health Organization - ation/en/ n National Institute of Public Health Prague –

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