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Reading Comprehension: An Interactive Process Chapter 7 Cohen and Cowan
Key Terms Schemata Schema theory Self-monitoring Metacognition Story structure Literal comprehension Interpretive comp. Creative comp. Scaffolding SQ3R DRTA fluency
Focus Questions 1.What is reading comprehension? 2.What is fluency? How is it developed? 3.What are comprehension strategies? 4.What are the 3 types of comprehension questions?
Key Question How can you promote comprehension in a literacy classroom and motivate students to read text?
Levels of Comprehension 1. Literal (surface) 2. Inferential (analyzing information and synthesizing the meaning into a deeper meaning)
Comprehension strategies … procedures to guide students to be aware of how well they comprehend what they are reading
What is Fluency? automaticity prediction flexibility Self-monitoring
5 Pillars of Reading Instruction Phonological awareness Phonics Vocabulary Fluency Comprehension
Metacognitive Strategies “thinking about thinking”
Graphic & semantic organizers Help to …. Organize, classify and structure information
Story Map (summarizing) Setting Characters Problem Action Outcome Theme
Sequencing Events Early organization strategy
Comprehesion Questions Literal 1.Interpretive 2.Creative 15
Literal Questions Lower level No analysis or application No inferences No restructuring of information Bloom’s Level 1 (or 2)
Interpretive Recognize alternatives not stated specifically Draw inferences/ implied Fact vs. Opinion More than one part of text Usually involve re-reading
Creative Relate information to own background or experiences - make a judgment Examples: “If you were the main character….” “If you had the same chance…” “….what would you have done?”
Scaffolding Pre-reading During-Reading Guided reading Teacher modeling Post-reading
Pre-reading Activate prior knowledge Build new Vocabulary Motivation Predicting Pre-questioning Direction setting
During Reading 1.Mapping/ graphic organizers 2.Guided Reading 3.Teacher Modeling 4.Modifying text 5.Making connections Text-to-text Text-to-self Text-to-world
Post-reading Reflections, writing and activities about the reading experience
SQ3R Survey Question Read Retell Review
DRTA –Directed reading - thinking activity Predict Read Write about Review and summrize
QAR 2 Question- Answer Relationships: “in the book” “In my head”
Chapter 14 Narrative Reading Joe Steele Helping students to recognize the structure inherent in text – and match it to their own cognitive structures –
Listening Comprehension Instruction
The Magnificent Seven Reading Comprehension Strategies Richard Staton
Scaffolding Students’ Comprehension of Text Article written by Kathleen F. Clark & Michael F. Graves Summarized by Kristine Barrett.
Question Answer Relationship QAR
Question Answer Relationships
A Review of Instructional Methods in Reading (Based on the NRP Report summary by Shanahan) Shanahan, T (2005). The National Reading Panel Report: Practical.
The Reading Process.
Guiding Reading Comprehension
Grade 3: Comprehension The material in this Institute has been modified from the Florida Third Grade Teacher Academy which was based upon the original.
READING COMPREHENSION STRATEGIES
10 Things Every Teacher Should Know About Reading Comprehension 10 Things Every Teacher Should Know About Reading Comprehension Timothy Shanahan University.
Section VI: Comprehension Teaching Reading Sourcebook 2 nd edition.
Developing Literacy Lesson Plans EDC424 Dr. Julie Coiro.
ReadWriteServe Programs of the Center for Adolescent Literacies at UNC Charlotte ReadWriteServe Tutor Training.
EDMI 422: Middle School Literacy. 4 Levels of thinking: Literal Inferential Critical Evaluative With your neighbor, describe the difference.
Reading Comprehension Skills
Bilingual/ESL Department Dr. Romeo Romero. Institute English/Reading proficiency as the standard for transition.
ALYSE SCHWARTZ CAPITAL UNIVERSITY ADVISOR: DR. CHERYL DOBROKA Comprehension Strategies: Emergent and Young Readers.
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