Presentation on theme: "NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS. Dementia A degenerative syndrome characterized by deficits in memory, language, and mood. The most common form: Alzheimer’s."— Presentation transcript:
Dementia A degenerative syndrome characterized by deficits in memory, language, and mood. The most common form: Alzheimer’s Disease Usually slow onset Characterized by three stages.
What happens in the brain? Plagues & Tangles Signs & Symptoms: Short-term memory loss Psychosis, aggression, may have personality changes, Eventually loss of judgment, unable to care for oneself
Those affected by Alzheimer’s Caregiver burden is high: Who are the caregivers? 17.5 billion hours of unpaid care to patients with Alzheimer’s (Alzheimer’s Association, 2013) Estimated value of $216 billion Medicare is the largest payer for paid care (hospitals, doctors, etc)
Treatment / Prevention Medications available to help slow progression, treat some symptoms Lifestyle factors Vitamin E
AKA: Lou Gehrig’s Disease Chronic, terminal, neurological disease characterized by progressive loss of motor neurons. Cause: unknown Slightly more common in men
Symptoms of ALS Early symptoms include Tripping, dropping things, abnormal fatigue of arms/legs, slurred speech, muscle cramps As the disease progresses: Difficulty in lifting, walking or using arms/hands, chewing, swallowing and eventually breathing become difficult Only affects motor neurons
Treatment / Prevention of ALS Early education to patient and family on how to care for patient. Special attention to airway Can it be prevented?