Presentation on theme: "Take a lesson from: Ahhrnold, the Plural-nator"— Presentation transcript:
1 Take a lesson from: Ahhrnold, the Plural-nator All the rules and tricks you need to know to form PLURALS.Take a lesson from: Ahhrnold, the Plural-nator“I take puny singular nouns and PLURAL-NATE THEM! Ha Ha!”
2 My name is Ahhrnold, the Plural-nator, and I plural-nate puny regular and irregular nouns and transform them into strong plurals.I do this by adding specific lettersto the end of the singular noun.BUT! there are rules to follow tomake sure that each noun has itscorrect PLURAL FORM.
3 For regular nouns: 2 Rules Rule #1:For most puny regular nounsall I do is add an -S at the end toPUMP THEM UP!Noun endingForming the pluralExamplesconsonantAdd -scat- catschair – chairslook –looks
4 boss - bosses tax - taxes bush - bushes Rule #2: For words that end in a "hissing" sound (-s, -z, -x, -ch, -sh), add an -es to form the plural.Noun endingForming the pluralExampless, x, ch or shAdd -esboss - bosses tax - taxes bush - bushes
5 7 rules! THAT WAS EASY! HA! BUT! OH! I love to PLURAL-nate puny SINGULARREGULAR NOUNS !!!BUT! OH!How I enjoy turning those TRICKY IRREGULAR NOUNS from singular to PLURAL!They are more CHALLENGING having7 rules!
6 Rule #1: If the word ends in a consonant plus -y, change the -y into -ie and add an -s to form the plural.For irregular nouns:Noun ending Forming the plural Examplesconsonant + yChange y to i then Add -esfly - flies try - tries curry - curries
7 Rule #2: If the word ends in a vowel plus -y (-ay, -ey, -iy, -oy, -uy), add an -s to the word. Noun ending Forming the plural Examplesvowel + yAdd -skey – keysway - ways boy – boys
8 Rule #3: For words that end in -is, change the -is to -es to make the plural form. Noun ending Forming the plural Examples-ischange –is to-esthesis - theses
9 Rule #4: Words that end in -f or -fe have plurals that end in -ves. Noun ending Forming the plural Examples-f or -fechange –f or –fe to-vesknife - kniveswife – wiveslife - liveself – elvesshelf – shelves
10 Rule #5: Words that end in -o are formed by either adding -s or by adding -es. Noun ending Forming the plural Examples-oadd –s or –esstudio - studiostaco – tacosstereo – stereospotato – potatoestomato – tomatoes
11 Rule #6: words that end with –us change the –us to -i Noun ending Forming the plural Examplesends with -usChange -us to -icactus - cacti nucleus - nuclei focus - foci
12 Rule #7: if the word ends with -on change –on to -a Noun ending Forming the plural Examplesends with -onChange -on to -aphenomenon - phenomena criterion - criteria
13 Change the vowel or Change the word or Add a different ending AND THEN...there are those words that don’t have any rules, you just have to memorize themALL KINDSChange the vowel or Change the word or Add a different endingman – menfoot – feetchild -childrenperson –peopletooth –teethmouse –mice
14 And some words don’t change at all… Noun ending Forming the plural ExamplesUnchangingSingular and plural are the sameSheepDeerFishMooseI don’t like those words because I can’t PLURAL-nate them! ARGGGG!!!!
15 Now that you know how to form plurals out of those PUNY singular regular and irregular nouns, you too can be a PLURAL-nator !Just follow those rules, and if you ever get stuck, check the very strong, the very heavy, DICTIONARY, before I come over there and PLURAL-NATE YOU!!!
16 Other links and activities: Regular Nouns: Lesson & ActivityIrregular Nouns: Lesson & ActivityGames: