Presentation on theme: "Joli Jackson, Cedria Reid, Asia Johnson, Ana C.. Race is a category of people who share inherited physical characteristics and whom others see as being."— Presentation transcript:
Race is a category of people who share inherited physical characteristics and whom others see as being a distinct group.
Ethnicity is people from different cultural backgrounds and the set of cultural characteristics that distinguishes from one group to another group.
A minority group is a group of people who are singled out and unequally treated because of their physical characteristics or cultural practices. Minority groups must have the following characteristics: a) Group possesses identifiable physical or cultural characteristics that differ from those of the dominant group b) Group members are victims of unequal treatment by the dominant group c) Membership in the group is an ascribed status d) Group members share strong bond e) Members tend to have marriage within the group
Discriminatory acts by individual range from name-calling and rudeness to acts of violence. Societal discrimination can appear in one of the two forms: Legal discrimination: upheld by law Institutional discrimination: an outgrowth of the structure of a society
Negative forms of prejudice is often involve stereotypes. A stereotype is an oversimplifies exaggerated or unfavorable generalization about a group of people. For example,a stereotype held by some Americans was that all Irish people were hot tempered. Stereotyping can have consequences for society if people are told often enough and long enough that they or others are socially, mentally, or physically inferior they may come to believe it.
Sociological explanations: In some societies prejudices are in the social norms. People often become prejudice to maintain their group membership. They may also become prejudice through their identification with a reference group that encourages/ supports prejudices. Psychological Explanations: One explanation says that people are prejudice because they have a particular personality (Authoritarian personality). Another explanation says that prejudice may be the product of frustration and anger. Economic explanations: An economical explanation is that it arises out of competition for scarce resources.
Cultural pluralism : allows each group within society to keep unique cultural identity. Assimilation : the blending of culturally distinct groups into a single group common culture and identity. Segregation : policies that physically separate a minority group from the dominant group Two types of segregation De jure segregation: is based on laws De facto segregation based on informal norms Subjugation :the maintaining control over a group through force Slavery :the ownership of one person by another Genocide :destruction of entire targeted population
Compromising more than 12% of the population, African Americans are one of the largest minority groups in the country. First brought to this country as slaves in the early 1600s, African Americans have only recently gained an economic and political foothold in American society. The civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s brought significant gains for African Americans. For example, the percentage of the population completing high school is now only a few points for African Americans than for white American. The percentage of African Americans completing four or more years of college is just more than half that of white Americans the unemployment rate among African Americans is more than twice as high as the unemployment rate among white workers. The percentage of African American families living below the poverty level is almost three times that of white families.
The Hispanic population is growing so fast that Hispanics have replaced African Americans as the country’s largest minority group. Hispanics have gained increasing political power in recent years and currently hold more than 6,000 elected and appointed offices. Hispanics also control large voting block several states, particularly California, New York, Texas, Illinois, and Florida.
Like Hispanics, Asian Americans come from a variety of national backgrounds. Representing close to 4% of the total U.S. population, Asian Americans are the country’s 3 rd largest ethnic minority group.
In 2000 the Native American population was at 2.5 million. Nearly 30% live below the poverty level Rate of alcohol related deaths is 7 times higher among native Americans Suicide rate is 1.5 times higher
White ethnics are immigrants from the catholic countries of Ireland, Italy, France, Poland, Greece. Often stereotyped as poorly educated Discrimination faced by white ethnics was based on cultural and economic concerns