2 Communicating Outside of School You communicate on a daily basis by:Writing letters, text messaging, calling each other on the phoneTalking to friends, family, etc.
3 Communicating in School By using the Essay Format, students can:Communicate your ideasShow understandingDemonstrate learningImprove writing skills
4 Just like the road below, an organized essay can run an unorganized essay can beconfusing and hard to follow.Just like the road below, anorganized essay can runsmoothly and can beeasily followed.
5 The BIG 3 There are 3 common types of essays used in school. Expository EssaysNarrative EssaysPersuasive Essays
6 Expository Essays Informational Writing: Examples: Research Papers Writing to share with others what you know or learned about a topicExamples:Research PapersBook ReportsAnalyzing a readingResponding to questions posed
7 Narrative Essays Used to entertain Some Examples: Telling someone about something that happenedUsually about YOUSome Examples:Writing about a childhood memoryWriting about your experiencesReflective writing
8 Persuasive Essay Examples: Proving to other’s about your point of view or belief on a situation that you may think is:UnfairNeeds improving/reconsiderationSomething that everyone must do or seeExamples:Writing about:AbortionA political issueTrying to get a scholarship
9 The Essential Parts There are 3 basic parts to any essay: The IntroductionBody ParagraphsThe Conclusion
10 The Setup Paragraph 1: The Introduction and thesis statement Paragraphs #2, 3, and 4…and so on:Body ParagraphsLast Paragraph:Conclusion
11 Paragraph 1: The Introduction First Impressions Matter!!It will give the reader an overall impression of your essay.It’s main purpose is to tell the reader what you are going to talk about in your paper (Thesis).
12 The Effective Introduction Catch the reader’s attention!Gives the reader some background information about your topic.Tell the reader what you are going to write about.
13 Catching Your Reader’s Attention 1. Begin with a short anecdote (personal short story)Ex. I remember my first day in class. I was so nervous but excited to be in college.2. Ask a questionEx. Have you ever received a bad grade for a class?3. State a factEx. Receiving failing grades is no laughing matter.
14 Providing Background Information Introduce your reader to your topic.In 1-3 sentences, provide a brief explanation about what has prompted you to write your essay
15 Proving Background Info: Example:“Recent studies showed that on average, 3 out of 5 students will not one of the classes they enrolled to take. For many students like me, college is a brand new experience. We don’t realize the amount of time and commitment it takes to successfully complete a class.
16 The Thesis Statement In a single sentence, you: Identify at least (3) main points to be discussed in your essayIn a persuasive essay, you also express your views/opinions
17 The Thesis StaementDevelop a question that you are trying to answer in your essay. In one or two sentences, answer your question.This often produces a TENTATIVE thesis.
18 An ExampleQuestion: What kind of skills are necessary to be a successful college student?Answer: To be a successful college student, it is important to be prepared for college. (HOW??)REFINED: To be a successful college student, it is important to attend class regularly, pay attention in class, and complete all of my assignments.
19 Thesis StatementAnother effective strategy is to begin by writing “What I want to say is that…”Later, delete the formulaic opening and you’ll be left with a thesis statement.
20 An Example“What I want to say is that the LA Lakers have become a dominating team in the NBA because of their team ethic, the standout players, and their note-worthy coach.
21 The Thesis Statement Where to put a thesis statement? Some kinds do not need thesis statementsDescriptions, narratives, personal writingAs the first sentence. (pg. 74)As the last sentences of the first paragraphWriters prepare readers for the thesis statement with several sentences that establish a context
22 The Thesis Statement: Example: Being a college student can be difficult, but if I attend class regularly, pay attention in class, and complete all of my assignments, I should be a successful student.
23 Our example pieced together: I remember my first day in class. I was so nervous but excited to be in college. Recent studies showed that on average, 3 out of 5 students will not one of the classes they enrolled to take. For many students like me, college is a brand new experience. We don’t realize the amount of time and commitment it takes to successfully complete a class. Being a college student can be difficult, but if I attend class regularly, pay attention in class, and complete all of my assignments, I should be a successful student.
24 Paragraphs 2-4: Body Paragraphs The body paragraphs of an essayProvide support to the points you made in your thesis statementUses examples and proofExplains your points in further detailThis is your chance to really EXPLAIN what you mean.
25 Body Paragraphs Begin your body paragraphs with a topic sentence. State your first reasonProvide supporting details through the use of examplesExpand your answer, prove your reason
26 Body ParagraphsThe order of your paragraphs follows the order of your thesis statement.In our example, our thesis said our main points would be:I need to attend all my classesI need to pay attentionI need to complete all of my workYour body paragraphs should follow that order.
27 Body Paragraphs Example Body Paragraph: “”The first piece of advice I have to remind myself of is to attend all of my classes. It is very easy to fall behind in a class, even with only one absence. I need to attend class to stay on top of the lectures, notes, and assignments. I also need to attend classes because not all professors allow student’s to do make-up work. Attending classes is the easiest thing to do, and it’s one piece of advice that will help me pass a class.
28 Remember to Use Transitional Words Transitional words allow ideas from one paragraph to the next to flow smoothly. They are like a bridge between paragraphs.Paragraph
29 Transitional Words Nevertheless, In addition, In respect to, Similarly,Furthermore,Therefore,On the other hand,First of all,Thus,After all,In conclusion,
30 Making a Concession (Persuasive Writing) Making a Concession: Considering reasons for the opposing viewpoint about your topicWhy do it?Considering the other side shows that you have thought about both sides.Makes your argument stronger
31 Paragraph 5 The Conclusion: The conclusion is where you find a way to end your essay. Be sure to:Restate your thesis statementSummarize your main points/reasonsConclude with a closing thought or rhetorical question related to what you said in your essay.DO NOT INCLUDE ANY NEW INFORMATION!
32 The Conclusion A few words used to hint at closure: In closing, In conclusion, As discussedEXAMPLE CONCLUSION:In closing, in order to successfully pass my classes in college, I need to follow three simple bits of advice. First, I need to attend class. Second, I need to pay attention while in class. Thirdly, I need to complete all of my work. These three simple things will help my succeed in my courses. Most importantly, they will help me pass my courses. If I don’t push myself to pass my classes, who will?
33 The Writing ProcessThe END product of the writing process is the essay.There are 4 STEPS you need to cover in order to write an EFFECTIVE essay.Pre-writingDraftingRevisingFinal Draft