Presentation on theme: "Hypertension. Known as High Blood Pressure Blood Pressure reading of greater than 140/90 Normal is less than 120/80 ◦ First number is when the heart."— Presentation transcript:
Known as High Blood Pressure Blood Pressure reading of greater than 140/90 Normal is less than 120/80 ◦ First number is when the heart pumps (systolic) ◦ Second number is when the heart is silent (diastolic)
72 million Americans 31% of all Americans Can affect anyone and at any age Silent Killer ◦ Many people don’t know they have it Presents without symptoms ◦ Can lead to heart and kidney problems
Primary hypertension ◦ 90% of time cause is unknown Secondary hypertension ◦ Caused by another problem Chronic kidney disease Some drugs
Several machines can give you a measurement quickly
Lifestyle Changes ◦ Weight Loss ◦ DASH diet Fruits and Veggies Whole Grain Low Fat ◦ Reduced salt in diet (less than 2.4 grams per day) Example of 2.4 grams Show sodium on food label ◦ Increased Activity (30 minutes a day of moderate exercise most days of the week) ◦ Limit alcohol intake (no more than 2 drinks per day in men and 1 per day in women)
Many drugs and combinations of drugs can help to lower blood pressure.