Presentation on theme: "SURREALISM ART Your Subtitle Goes Here. Background Founded in 1924 by André Breton (Surrealist Manifesto) Manifesto stated: it was the means of uniting."— Presentation transcript:
Background Founded in 1924 by André Breton (Surrealist Manifesto) Manifesto stated: it was the means of uniting the conscious and unconscious realms –The world of dream and fantasy would be joined to the everyday rational world in a “surreality” –Emphasis on psychic automatism: artist using the interplay between free creation and unconscious where there is no conscious control
HISTORY The revolution took place through the medium of automatic writing Automatic writing: continuation of writing without thinking what is beneath your pen, writing as fast as you can, choosing a letter to begin a sentence at random Gave an outlet for repressed thoughts and instincts
HISTORY CONT. Dadaism provided a “vital staging point” –Considered to be the pre-Surrealist phase –Surrealism has a lighter spirit than Dadaism
HISTORY CONT. Surrealists’ Goal: attempt to discover a super-reality Tap into hallucinatory power of the irrational Surrealist poets were reluctant to align themselves with visual artists (laborious process of painting, drawing, sculpting were at odds with spontaneity of uninhibited expression) Surrealist movement in Europe dissolved with onset of World War II Renewal in the United States around 1940
INFLUENCES ON SURREALISM World War I World War II Dada Heisenberg Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung Einstein
Introduction Of Surrealism Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings. Painting focus on things found in the imagination and fantasy. You might find everyday objects, but they aren’t doing every day things.cultural movement Artists sometimes find inspiration for their images in their dreams. The Surrealist art movement combined elements of its predecessors, Dada and cubism, to create something unknown to the art world. The movement was first rejected, but its eccentric ideas and unique techniques paved the way for a new form of art.
The Surrealist movement started in Europe in the 1920’s, after World War I with its nucleus in Paris. Its roots were found in Dada, but it was less violent and more artistically based. Surrealism was first the work of poets and writers. The French poet, André Brenton, is known as the “Pope of Surrealism.” Brenton wrote the Surrealist Manifesto to describe how he wanted to combine the conscious and subconscious into a new “absolute reality”. He first used the word surrealism to describe work found to be a “fusion of elements of fantasy with elements of the modern world to form a kind of superior reality. Ideology Of Surrealism
Ideology Cont. Surrealists believed in the innocent eye, that art was created in the unconscious mind. Most Surrealists worked with psychology and fantastic visual techniques, basing their art on memories, feelings, and dreams. They often used hypnotism and drugs to venture into the dream world, where they looked for unconscious images that were not available in the conscious world.
Surrealism Spanish artist, Salvador Dali, is the name that first comes to mind for many people when they think of Surrealism. “Every morning upon awakening, I experience a supreme pleasure: that of being Salvador Dali”
(1931) “The Persistence of Memory” “Paranoiac Visage” (1935)
René François Ghislain Magritte (21 November 1898 – 15 August 1967) was a Belgian surrealist artist.Belgiansurrealist “The Son of Man” 1964