 # A topic (in two parts) about the interaction between magnetic fields

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A topic (in two parts) about the interaction between magnetic fields
Motors and Generators A topic (in two parts) about the interaction between magnetic fields

Assumed Knowledge from the Preliminary
Demonstration 1: Electric currents produce magnetic fields The recognition that electric currents produce magnetic fields is essential. Use of hand rules should be well practised Images from Andriessen et. al. Physics 2 Jacaranda p109, 110

The Motor Effect A current carrying conductor in an external magnetic field experiences a force. F=BIlsin calculates the magnitude of the force on a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field, where F = the force on the conductor (N – newtons) B = the magnetic flux density of the external field (T – tesla) I = current in the conductor (A – amperes) l = the length of conductor in the field (m – metres)  = angle between the conductor and the field (o)

The right hand palm rule gives the direction of the force.
Image from Andriessen et. al. Physics 2 Jacaranda p113

Demonstration 2 Modelling the Motor Effect
Focus area 1 Column 3 dot point 2 Column 2 dot point 1

Features of the DC electric motor
Demonstration 3 Aspects of the DC Motor Knowing the right equation Image from Andriessen et. al. Physics 2 Jacaranda p118

Electromagnetic induction
Electromagnetic induction is producing an emf between the ends of a conductor when there is a magnetic flux change around it. [emf is electromotive force – a measure of the energy supplied to each coulomb of charge by the source (battery, generator etc)] Where  = induced emf n = no. of turns in the coil  = change in magnetic flux t = change in time (or time taken for the change in flux to occur)

Demonstration 4 Modelling generation of electric current
Focus area 2 Column 3 dot points 1 and 2

Demonstration 5 Lenz’s Law

Lenz’s Law Lenz’s Law: The direction of an induced emf is such that it opposes the change that causes it. Image from Andriessen et. al. Physics 2 Jacaranda p138

Demonstration 6 Demonstrating production of AC current
Focus area 3 Column 3 dot point 1

The purpose of a transformer is to increase or decrease AC voltages.
Transformers The purpose of a transformer is to increase or decrease AC voltages. Transformers consist of two coils of insulated wire wound onto a soft iron core. Image from Andriessen et. al. Physics 2 Jacaranda p157

Demonstration 7 Modelling structure of a transformer
Focus area 4 Column 3 dot point 1

AC Induction Motors An AC motor has - a stator, consisting of field coils (electromagnets) which provide the rotating external magnetic field - a rotor, consisting of conductors on the motor’s shaft. - a cooling fan

Demonstration 8 – Demonstrating AC induction motor principle
A bench pulley is placed between opposite poles of two strong magnets. Disc on shaft magnets When a rotating magnetic field spins around a stationary disc, a. eddy currents are induced in the disc in the region of the field b. the induced magnetic field will start the disc moving. c. the change causing the induced current was the movement of the field relative to the disc, so the opposition to the change will be the moving of the disc to reduce the relative motion between the field and disc.