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Immigration Movement of people into a region Emigration Movement of people out of a region (exit) Since the 1950s, the number of people that have immigrated to Canada in their lifetime has made up 15-20% of the total population
98% immigrants We are known for our multicultural society; commonly described as being like a tossed salad or cultural mosaic
Canada’s immigration policy has fluctuated because of economic and political factors Since World War II, our sources of immigrants have changed over the years
Today, most immigrants move to large cities 2/3rds of immigrants live in ____________, ____________ & ____________.
PUSH FACTORS Reasons why people leave their country E.g. unemployment, lack of freedom, war, etc. PULL FACTORS Reasons people are attracted to come to a country E.g. freedom, employment, family ties, etc.
There are many intervening factors (obstacles) in the way, which discourage people from immigrating to a country: e.g. Immigration Requirements (e.g. Point system) e.g. Distances Involved e.g. Costs of Immigration (fees, starting a new life)
Copy out this chart: Pull FactorPush FactorIntervening Factor
Warm and sunny climate (there) Severe pollution (now) Dull social life (now) War (now) Fear of the unknown (there) Cold, wet climate (now) Good job opportunities (there) Overcrowded living conditions (now) Family/friends left behind Natural disasters (now) High cost of travel Promise of freedom Few job opportunities (now) Peaceful (there) Famine/no food (now) Costly immigration requirements Lively social life (now) Good housing (there)
Canada’s Point System was changed in July 2002 to better evaluate the skills and personality characteristics a person would need to successfully adapt to life in Canada. Each Skilled Worker applicant is judged according to six criteria. They must score at least 67 out of a possible 100 points in order to be accepted. The six criteria are:
The more education a person has, the more points they receive High School diploma equals 5 points, a Bachelor’s degree is 20 points
The proficiency (speaking, listening, reading, and writing) a person has in both official languages is evaluated. Knowledge of the 1 st language is worth up to 16 points, while knowledge of the 2 nd language is worth up to 8.
The number of years of paid work experience a person has in a recognized profession is evaluated. 1 year of experience is worth 15 points, while more than 4 years equals 21 points.
Anyone between 21 and 49 receives 10 points. Two points are deducted for every year over or under that bracket.
If a person has a job offer from a Canadian firm, or has a position waiting for them here, they receive 10 points.
Points are given for how well an applicant would be able to meet the changing demands of Canada’s workforce. Points are awarded for education, Canadian work experience, or relatives already living in Canada.
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