Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Work Laws and Responsibilities

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Work Laws and Responsibilities"— Presentation transcript:

1 Work Laws and Responsibilities
5 Work Laws and Responsibilities 5.1 Work-Related Forms and Laws

2 Activity: Around the room
Step One: Read and look at the information at each station Step Two: Complete the questions

3 Closure: What are pros and cons of raising the minimum wage?
Should the U.S. raise the minimum wage?

4 Lesson 5.1 Work-Related Forms and Laws
GOALS Discuss the purpose of various work- related forms. Explain the provisions of major employment laws. Chapter 5

5 How are employees protected?
Do Now How are employees protected? What do companies/businesses have to do to protect their workers?

6 Social Security What do you remember learning in your Social Studies classes about Social Security?

7 Social Security Act The Social Security Act, passed in 1935, established a national social insurance program that provides federal aid for the elderly and for disabled workers. The Medicare provision, added in 1965, provides hospital and medical insurance for those 65 and older. Social Security provides these benefits: Old age retirement income (OA) Survivorship income (S) Disability income (D) Health insurance (HI) Chapter 5

8 Social Security Taxes and Benefits
Employers withhold Social Security taxes from your pay and contribute matching amounts. The amounts you earn and the amounts contributed for Social Security throughout your work life are credited to your Social Security account number. When you become eligible, usually at retirement, benefits are paid to you monthly, based upon how much you have paid into your account. Chapter 5

9 Social Security Forms Social Security Number Social Security Card
Your Social Security number is your permanent work identification number. Social Security Card Application for a card Application for a replacement card Social Security Statement of Earnings Request for Social Security Statement of Earnings Chapter 5

10 Required Work Forms When you get a job, the government will require a number of forms containing information about you. You will fill out some, others, your employer will complete. If you are under age 16, you may also need a work permit. Some forms, such as Forms W-2 and W-4, are part of the income tax process. Chapter 5

11 Form W-4: Employee’s Withholding Allowance Certificate
Form W-4 asks for your name, address, Social Security number, marital status, and the number of exemptions you are claiming for income tax purposes. The information determines the amount your employer will withhold from your paycheck for income taxes. Allowances are reductions in the amount of tax withheld from your paycheck. Exempt status is available only to people who will not earn enough in the year to owe any federal income tax. Chapter 5

12 W-4

13 Social Security Statement of Earnings

14 Work Permit Application
Many states require minors—people under the age of legal adulthood—to obtain a work permit before they are allowed to work. Where to get a work permit application: Your state Department of Labor School counseling center Work experience coordinator Chapter 5

15 Work Permit Application
(continued) What you need in order to apply for a work permit: Social Security number Proof of age Permission from your parent or legal guardian There is usually no charge. Have any of you had to fill out working papers? What did you have to do? Chapter 5

16 Form W-2: Wage and Tax Statement
Form W-2 is a summary of the income you earned during the year and all amounts the employer withheld for taxes. Each of your employers must provide you with a Form W-2 for the previous tax year no later than January 31 of the current year. Each of your employers sends a copy of your Form W-2 to the government. Chapter 5

17 W-2

18 Form I-9 Before you start working, you and your employer must complete an Employment Eligibility Verification form, or Form I-9. The purpose of this form is to verify the employee’s identity and eligibility to work in the United States. Along with the form, you will be required to present forms of identification, which could include a driver’s license, passport, Social Security card, or birth certificate. Chapter 5

19 I-9

20 Employment Laws The federal government has enacted many laws to protect workers. The Department of Labor is responsible for enforcing labor laws that: Provide unemployment, disability, and retirement insurance benefits Establish a minimum wage and regular working hours Establish rules regarding overtime pay Help workers injured on the job Provide equal employment opportunities and prohibit discrimination Establish safe working conditions Chapter 5

21 Unemployment Compensation
The Social Security Act requires every state to have an unemployment insurance program. Unemployment insurance provides benefits to workers who lose their jobs through no fault of their own. After a waiting period, laid-off or terminated workers may collect a portion of their regular pay for a certain length of time. Premiums for unemployment insurance are usually paid by employers. Chapter 5

22 Fair Labor Standards Act
The Fair Labor Standards Act, which is also known as the Wage and Hour Act, establishes a minimum wage. It also requires hourly workers to be paid “overtime wages” of 1½ times their hourly rate for hours worked beyond 40 per week. A minimum wage is the lowest wage that an employer may pay an employee as established by law. Chapter 5


24 Workers’ Compensation
Workers’ compensation is an insurance program that pays benefits to workers and/or their families for injury, illness, or death that occurs as a result of the job. The employer is responsible for employee injuries and illnesses that are the result of employment, regardless of fault. Chapter 5

25 Family and Medical Leave Act
The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993 allows employees to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave in a 12-month period for certain medical and family situations. Some employers may choose to pay employees during some types of leave, such as sick leave, but they are not required by law to do so. Chapter 5

26 Family and Medical Leave Act
(continued) Valid circumstances for unpaid leave under the FMLA include the following: Birth and care of a newborn child, including adoption of a child Care of an immediate family member (spouse, child, or parent) with a serious health condition Medical leave when the employee is unable to work because of a serious health condition Chapter 5

27 Laws Against Discrimination in Employment
Equal Pay Act Civil Rights Act of 1964 Age Discrimination in Employment Act Americans with Disabilities Act Chapter 5

28 Lesson 5.2Responsibilities on the Job
GOALS Discuss employee responsibilities at work. Describe employer responsibilities to employees. Chapter 5

29 Responsibilities to Employers
Competent work The work needs to be marketable—that is, of such quality that the employer can sell it or use it to favorably represent the company. Punctuality Punctuality means being ready to start work at the appointed time. Chapter 5

30 Responsibilities to Employers
(continued) Pleasant attitude Pleasant and easy to get along with Courteous to customers Loyalty and respect Loyalty means that you show respect for your employer and the company for which you work, both on and off the job. Chapter 5

31 Responsibilities to Employers
(continued) Dependability Dependability is a character trait that means you can be counted on to do what you say you will do. Initiative Initiative is taking the lead, recognizing what needs to be done, and doing it without having to be told. Chapter 5

32 Responsibilities to Employers
(continued) Interest You should project an attitude of wanting to learn all you can and of giving all tasks your best effort. Self-evaluation The ability to take criticism and to assess your own progress is important to you and your employer. Chapter 5

33 Responsibilities to Other Employees
Teamwork Teamwork means working cooperatively in order to achieve a group goal. Thoughtfulness Be considerate of coworkers to promote a good work atmosphere for everyone, including customers. Loyalty In addition to being loyal to your employer, you should be loyal to coworkers. Chapter 5

34 Responsibilities to Customers
Helpfulness Identify what customer wants Solve problems Courtesy and respect Your attitude toward customers should always be respectful and courteous, never hostile or unfriendly. Chapter 5

35 Employer Responsibilities
Adequate supervision Supervision is providing new and current employees with the information and training they need to do their jobs well. Fair human resource policies Policies on hiring, firing, raises, promotions, and dispute resolution need to be fair and well defined. Chapter 5

36 Employer Responsibilities
(continued) Safe working conditions Safe equipment Safe working environment Adequate training for working under dangerous conditions Open channels of communication Express concerns. Ask questions. Make suggestions. Chapter 5

37 Employer Responsibilities
(continued) Recognition of achievement An employee evaluation is a report that discusses the employee’s strengths and weaknesses in performing the job and how well the employee helped to meet company goals. As a result of evaluations, employees are given merit pay raises, bonuses, and advancement opportunities. Chapter 5

38 To Do: Watch 30 Days: Minimum Wage Complete worksheet and discuss

Download ppt "Work Laws and Responsibilities"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google