Presentation on theme: "Departmental Perspectives on Viral Hepatitis"— Presentation transcript:
1 Departmental Perspectives on Viral Hepatitis Frew BensonWorld Hepatitis Day Commemoration
2 Introduction Importance of Viral hepatitis Caused by several types of viruses (Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E).Hepatitis A, B and C ― the most common typeHepatitis B, C, and D viruses frequently progress to chronic hepatitis240 million people worldwide chronically infected with hepatitis Baround 150 million people chronically infected with hepatitis C.Chronic hepatitis can lead to cirrhosis, liver cancer and sometimes death.1.4 million deaths annually due to hepatitisViral hepatitis in South AfricaSeveral possible risk factors exist in the country, which could result in transmission of viral hepatitisHepatitis A and B are highly endemic in South AfricaThere is limited data on hepatitis C, D and E (sporadic cases due to hepatitis E have been reported as a result of travel to high-risk areas outside South Africa).
3 Relation with Departmental Vision A long and healthy life for all South AfricansAim of the ProgrammeDecrease morbidity and mortality due to Hepatitis
4 Role of NDoH Primary prevention through vaccination Policy and guideline formulation and facilitate process of implementationMonitor and Evaluate and provide reports according to set norms and standardsAssist in resource mobilisation for policy implementationEstablish early warning systems and improve surveillance and reportingEnsure legal compliance and epidemic preparedness and responseStrengthen cross border and regional collaborationStrengthen communication, advocacy, social mobilisation and partnershipsTraining and capacity building at provincial level
5 Highlights Hepatitis B vaccination part of EPI programme since 1995 World Hepatitis Day adopted by WHOResolution WHA63.18 in 2010Calling for a comprehensive approach to the prevention and control of viral hepatitis.Policy and guidelines drafted 2011
6 World Hepatitis Day28 July chosen for World Hepatitis Day - birthday of Baruch Samuel Blumberg who discovered hepatitis BProvides an opportunity to focus on specific actions, such as:strengthening prevention, screening and control of viral hepatitis and its related diseases;increasing hepatitis B vaccine coverage;coordinating a global response to viral hepatitis.Theme this year:"This is hepatitis. Know it. Confront it."
7 Challenges Weak Surveillance systems Health Promotion weak Late detection and reporting of outbreaksLack of reliable data to inform policy and actionsHealth Promotion weakLack of community awarenessCompeting prioritiesLack of continuous training of health care workersAdherence to adequate infection control measures in health care facilities and institutions
8 Way forward Adoption of policy and guidelines Protection of those at risk of infection eg health care workers, people with multiple sexual partners, intravenous drug users, hemophiliacsStrategies need to be implemented against risk factors for viral hepatitisFocus on water and sanitation, and health promotion on basic hygiene for hepatitis A and E.Focus on increasing public awareness and improving infection control practices for hepatitis B and C.
9 ConclusionProgramme against Hepatitis presently not as strong as it should be – all opportunities need to be used to strengthen it , including World Hepatitis Day.We need to do much more to increase community awareness of the diseaseThanks to the organisers of the event“Together we can do more” President Zuma