Objectives Common office ergonomic injuries Key concepts How to stage your computer work area Early warning signs and when to report incidents
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) –Pain or numbness in hand, wrist, or arm –Hand weakness; inability to grip –Causes Repetitive use of hand or wrist for prolonged periods Rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, or thyroid disorder Narrow carpal tunnel Common Injuries
Eyestrain –Sore, tired, burning eyes –Blurred or double vision –Sensitivity to light Common Injuries
Shoulder tension –Pain caused from improper positioning –Can be aching or sharp pain –Pain can radiate to neck and arms. Common Injuries
Headaches –Pain in the head or neck area –Can be caused by stress, positioning, trauma –Chronic pain can be caused by improper head and neck alignment. Common Injuries
Recognize signs that could result in serious injuries. –Numbness or burning sensation in hands –Swelling, stiffness, or reduced grip strength in hands –Pain in wrists, forearms, elbows, neck, or back Common Injuries
Key Concepts Neutral posture (GOOD) –Halfway zone –Person’s ability to flex and extend –Comfortable working posture –Reduces risk of musculoskeletal disorders
Key Concepts Static positions (BAD) –A working position with no motion –Muscles become fatigued. –Blood flow is reduced.
Workstation guidelines –Top of monitor at or below eye level –Align head and neck. –Relax shoulders. –Align wrists and hands with forearms. Computer Work Area
Choose a chair with maximum adjustments. –Height –Seat depth –Seat angle –Lumbar support –Arm rests –Tilt Computer Work Area
Sit properly –Head balanced naturally over shoulders –Shoulders relaxed, not hunched –Forearms and thighs parallel to the floor (Not like this) Computer Work Area
–Alter position of monitor to avoid glare. –Rest eyes periodically. –Include eye exercises in regular routine. Improper lighting can cause eye strain, headaches, and general fatigue. Computer Work Area
Change positions frequently –Take breaks from repetitive tasks. –Get up and stretch. –Simple exercises
Office Ergonomics Review Appropriate keyboard placement Correct mouse placement and use No cradling the phone with your neck Eye rest breaks Short, frequent breaks; get up and move. Know how to adjust your chair. Vary tasks. Pace yourself.
Summary Learn common injuries. Review work area tips. Recognize early warning signs. Minimize static positions.