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Published byBertram Lewis Modified over 4 years ago

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**Warm Up Simplify. 1. 4x – 10x 2. –7(x – 3) 3. –6x 4. 15 – (x – 2)**

Solve. 5. 3x + 2 = 8 6. –6x –7x + 21 2x + 3 17 – x 2 28

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California Standards 4.0 Students simplify expressions before solving linear equations and inequalities in one variable, such as 3(2x – 5) + 4(x – 2) = 12. 5.0 Students solve multistep problems, including word problems, involving linear equations and linear inequalities in one variable and provide justification for each step.

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To solve an equation with variables on both sides, use inverse operations to "collect" variable terms on one side of the equation. Helpful Hint Equations are often easier to solve when the variable has a positive coefficient. Keep this in mind when deciding on which side to "collect" variable terms.

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**Move variable to one side**

Steps Move variable to one side Add/subtract Multiply/divide

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**Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides**

Solve 7n – 2 = 5n + 6. 7n – 2 = 5n + 6 1: Move variable to one side –5n –5n 2n – 2 = 2: Add/subtract 3: multiple/divide 2n = n = 4

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** Solve the equation. Check your answer. 4b + 2 = 3b 4b + 2 = 3b**

1: Move variable to one side –3b –3b 2: add/subtract b + 2 = 0 Check 4b + 2 = 3b – 2 – 2 b = –2 4(–2) (–2) – –6 –6 –6

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**Solve the equation. Check your answer.**

y = 0.7y – 0.3 1: Move variable to one side y = 0.7y – 0.3 –0.3y –0.3y 2: add/subtract = 0.4y – 0.3 3: Multiple/divide = 0.4y Check y = 0.7y – 0.3 (2) (2) – 0.3 2 = y – 0.3

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**Now you try 4a – 3 = 2a + 7 -3r + 9 = -4r + 5 3d + 8 = 2d – 17**

2x – 7 = 5x – 10 a = 5 r = -4 d = -25 x = 1

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To solve more complicated equations, you may need to first simplify by using the Distributive Property or combining like terms.

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**Don’t call me after midnight**

1. D= Distributive property 2. C= combine like term 3. M = move variable to one side 4. A = addition/subtraction 5. M = Multiplication/division

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**Solve the equation. Check your answer.**

3x + 15 – 9 = 2(x + 2) D: distributive Property 3x + 15 – 9 = 2(x + 2) 3x + 15 – 9 = 2(x) + 2(2) 3x + 15 – 9 = 2x + 4 C: Combine like term 3x + 6 = 2x + 4 M: move variable to one side –2x –2x x + 6 = – – 6 A: add/subtract x = –2

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**Simplifying Each Side Before Solving Equations**

4 – 6a + 4a = –1 – 5(7 – 2a) D: Distributive P. 4 – 6a + 4a = –1 –5(7 – 2a) 4 – 6a + 4a = –1 –5(7) –5(–2a) 4 – 6a + 4a = –1 – a C: Combine like terms 4 – 2a = – a M: move variable to One side +2a a = a

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= a = 12a A: add/subtract M: multiply/divide

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**Solve the equation. Check your answer.**

D: Distributive Property M: Move variable to one side 3 = b – 1 A: Add/subtract 4 = b

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Check 5 5

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** 3x + 15 – 9 = 2(x + 2) Check 3(–2) + 15 – 9 2(–2 + 2)**

3(–2) + 15 – (–2 + 2) – – (0) 0 0

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An identity is an equation that is always true, no matter what value is substituted for the variable. The solution set of an identity is all real numbers. Some equations are always false. Their solution sets are empty. In other words, their solution sets contain no elements.

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**Infinitely Many Solutions or No Solutions**

Solve the equation. 10 – 5x + 1 = 7x + 11 – 12x C: combine like term 10 – 5x + 1 = 7x + 11 – 12x 11 – 5x = 11 – 5x The statement 11 – 5x = 11 – 5x is true for all values of x. The equation 10 – 5x + 1 = 7x + 11 – 12x is an identity. All values of x will make the equation true. In other words, all real numbers are solutions.

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**Infinitely Many Solutions or No Solutions**

Solve the equation. 12x – 3 + x = 5x – 4 + 8x 12x – 3 + x = 5x – 4 + 8x C: combine like term 13x – 3 = 13x – 4 M: move variable to one side –13x –13x –3 = –4 The equation 12x – 3 + x = 5x – 4 + 8x is always false. There is no value of x that will make the equation true. There are no solutions.

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**The empty set can be written as or {}.**

Writing Math

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** Check It Out! Example 3a Solve the equation. 4y + 7 – y = 10 + 3y**

Identify like terms. 3y + 7 = 3y + 10 –3y –3y Subtract 3y from both sides. False statement; the solution set is . 7 = 10 The equation 4y + 7 – y = y is always false. There is no value of y that will make the equation true. There are no solutions.

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Check It Out! Example 3b Solve the equation. 2c c = –14 + 3c + 21 2c c = –14 + 3c + 21 Identify like terms. Combine like terms on the left and the right. 3c + 7 = 3c + 7 The statement 3c + 7 = 3c + 7 is true for all values of c. The equation 2c c = –14 + 3c + 21 is an identity. All values of c will make the equation true. In other words, all real numbers are solutions.

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**Additional Example 4: Application**

Jon and Sara are planting tulip bulbs. Jon has planted 60 bulbs and is planting at a rate of 44 bulbs per hour. Sara has planted 96 bulbs and is planting at a rate of 32 bulbs per hour. In how many hours will Jon and Sara have planted the same number of bulbs? How many bulbs will that be? Person Bulbs Jon 60 bulbs plus 44 bulbs per hour Sara 96 bulbs plus 32 bulbs per hour

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**Additional Example 4 Continued**

Let h represent hours, and write expressions for the number of bulbs planted. 60 bulbs plus 44 bulbs each hour the same as 96 bulbs 32 bulbs each hour When is ? h = h h = h To collect the variable terms on one side, subtract 32h from both sides. –32h –32h h = 96

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**Additional Example 4 Continued**

h = 96 Since 60 is added to 12h, subtract 60 from both sides. – – 60 12h = 36 Since h is multiplied by 12, divide both sides by 12 to undo the multiplication. h = 3

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**Additional Example 4 Continued**

After 3 hours, Jon and Sara will have planted the same number of bulbs. To find how many bulbs they will have planted in 3 hours, evaluate either expression for h = 3: h = (3) = = 192 h = (3) = = 192 After 3 hours, Jon and Sara will each have planted 192 bulbs.

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**Let g represent Greg's age, and write expressions for his age.**

Check It Out! Example 4 Four times Greg's age, decreased by 3 is equal to 3 times Greg's age, increased by 7. How old is Greg? Let g represent Greg's age, and write expressions for his age. Four times Greg's age three times Greg's age is equal to decreased by increased by 3 7 . 4g – = g

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**Check It Out! Example 4 Continued**

To collect the variable terms on one side, subtract 3g from both sides. 4g – 3 = 3g + 7 –3g –3g g – 3 = Since 3 is subtracted from g, add 3 to both sides. g = Greg is 10 years old.

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**Lesson Quiz 1. 7x + 2 = 5x + 8 2. 4(2x – 5) = 5x + 4**

Solve each equation. 1. 7x + 2 = 5x (2x – 5) = 5x + 4 3. 6 – 7(a + 1) = –3(2 – a) 4. 4(3x + 1) – 7x = 6 + 5x – 2 5. 6. A painting company charges $250 base plus $16 per hour. Another painting company charges $210 base plus $18 per hour. How long is a job for which the two companies costs are the same? 3 8 all real numbers 1 20 hours

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