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Motor Fleet Safety Basics: Training for the Safety Supervisor Unit 5 – Preventing Employee Injury and Handling Workers’ Compensation Claims
Unit 5 Objectives Explain why injury prevention is an important component of fleet safety programs Identify common hazards and unsafe conditions in the workplace Implement procedures for evaluating workplace hazards Identify information to collect for workers’ compensation claims Identify warning signs of workers’ compensation fraud NATMI © 2014
Injuries and Illness in Trucking Occupation With The Most Injuries and Illness Involving Days Away from Work, 2012 Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Annual Survey, 2012 NATMI © 2014
Revenue Needed to Offset Injury Costs Injury Required Revenue Based On Company Profit Margin: Cost 1% 2% 3% 4% $1,000$100,000$50,000$33,333$25,000 $5,000$500,000$250,000$166,666$125,000 $10,000$1,000,000$500,000$333,333$250,000 $15,000$1,500,000$750,000$500,000$375,000 $25,000$2,500,000$1,250,000$833,333$625,000 $50,000$5,000,000$2,500,000$1,666,666$1,250,000 $100,000$10,000,000$5,000,000$3,333,333$2,500,000 NATMI © 2014
Measures of Worker Injuries Total incidence rates: No. of recordable injuries & illnesses x 200,000 (total employee hours worked for the company) Incidence Rates Lost time incidence rates: No. of lost time injuries & illnesses x 200,000 (total employee hours worked for the company) NATMI © 2014
Calculating Incidence Rates Incidence Rates for Total Injuries and Illnesses for NAICS Code 484 – Truck Transportation 201220112010 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 Incidence Rates for Total Cases of Injuries and Illnesses Incident Rates for Lost Time Cases of Injuries and Illnesses NATMI © 2014
Avoiding Falls from Equipment - 1 Wheel Hung Platform Portable Platform Steps NATMI © 2014
Avoiding Falls from Equipment - 2 Ladders Scaffolds Unsafe condition NATMI © 2014
Avoiding Falls from Equipment - 3 Exiting Trailer Unsafe condition NATMI © 2014
Avoiding Injuries from Overexertion Unsafe condition NATMI © 2014
Avoiding Falls on the Same Level Good HousekeepingPoor Housekeeping Unsafe condition NATMI © 2014
Avoiding Injury Through Training Dangerous driving situations Principles of safe driving Driver fatigue Safe lifting techniques Proper job task procedures (e.g., unlocking 5th wheel) 3-Point stance exiting & entering the vehicle Provide training programs on- NATMI © 2014
Increasing Driver Awareness Upsets Head-on collisions Intersection incidents Rear-ending Jack-knifing Make drivers aware of situations with potential for most serious injury: NATMI © 2014
Avoiding Injuries from Falling Freight Overhead Storage RacksBalance and Stability Unsafe condition NATMI © 2014
Avoiding Injuries from Forklifts Require training and permits for drivers Create traffic patterns to avoid pedestrian/truck interface Set reasonable speed limits Use trailer restraint devices Use jack stands NATMI © 2014
Avoiding Coupling and Fifth Wheel Injuries Provide training on- Coupling procedures Dolly handling Proper lifting Install- Extensions for king pin locks Hand holds away from the socket NATMI © 2014
Controlling Physical Hazards Specify safe equipment Maintain equipment in top condition Perform self-inspections Protect from exposure to hazardous materials Remove physical hazards in buildings Preplan for safety in new construction NATMI © 2014
Specify Safe Equipment Critical safety features: Hand-holds Self-cleaning steps Air-ride seats Grates on rear impact guard Air lines that can be hooked up from the ground NATMI © 2014
Install Hand Holds Rebar Step and Grab Handle NATMI © 2014
Install Self-Cleaning Surfaces Self-Cleaning Treads on Step PointsSelf-Cleaning Grates NATMI © 2014
Equipment Maintenance Guidelines Implement problem-reporting process Hold regular inspections before and after trips Require prompt repairs Implement good record-keeping system NATMI © 2014
Hazardous Materials Compliance Labeling Storage Emergency plan Training OSHA/EPA Hazardous Materials: NATMI © 2014
Avoiding Physical Hazards in Buildings Stairs Unsafe condition NATMI © 2014
Avoiding Physical Hazards in the Shop Repair Pits NATMI © 2014
Reporting and Follow-Up 1.Report accidents, injuries and illnesses immediately 2.Investigate all accidents, injuries, and illnesses 3.Analyze investigation reports or claims data 4.Review accident with employee NATMI © 2014
Analyzing Data Look for trends Body part injured Time of day Location Ask for assistance from insurance information system and staff NATMI © 2014
Review Accident with Employee Wait until investigation is complete Use review as an opportunity to identify- Training needs Equipment modifications needed Procedural changes Use peer review process, if needed NATMI © 2014
Course Implications for Compliance Follow Seminar Strategies OSHA and DOT Compliance Fewer Accidents Reduced Costs NATMI © 2014
Workers’ Compensation Red Flags Lawyer credibility Doctor credibility Past employee involvement with fraud Employee disappears Monday soft tissue injury NATMI © 2014
Workers’ Compensation Red Flags Rush to settlement Internal physician referrals Financial problems Indications of fitness Fairly new employee Coincident with strike, layoff, or retirement NATMI © 2014
Not Necessarily Red Flags CEO suspicions An expensive claim NATMI © 2014
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