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India Geography.

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Presentation on theme: "India Geography."— Presentation transcript:

1 India Geography

2 Definitions Sub-continent
Large landmass that juts out from a continent

3 monsoon Strong, seasonal winds that blow across a region or continent for months at a time at certain times of the year

4 Cools heat of summer Varies in location Comes between June and Sept

5 plateau Flat land with higher elevation than a plain

6 tributary Small river that flows into a larger river

7 Himalaya Mountains Highest mountain range in world
Located along India’s northern border Mt. Everest- world highest mountain Name means “home of the snows” Always covered by snow and ice Glacier (Ice fields) waters feed the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra Rivers

8 Buddhist Monastery in Himalayan Mts.

9 Indus River Originates in Tibet, north of India
Flows thru Pakistan and empties into Arabian Sea Receives water from Himalaya, and Hindu Kush Mtns. Carries deposits and makes fertile farmland Fish and shrimp live in the river

10 Deccan Plateau Southern part of India between the Eastern and Western Ghat Mountains Plateau is at ft. below sea level Fairly flat with hardened lava beds-600 million yrs old Hillier parts have thin forests

11 Ganges River Originates in the Himalaya Mountains and goes for miles Joined by the Brahmaputra River where it empties into the Bay of Bengal Sediment carried downstream from mountains During rainy season river floods-crops grown there Sacred river

12 Ganges River Festival 12

13 Eastern and Western Ghats
Long mountain chains near India coast Form a V when seen from above Deccan Plateau stretches between 2 ranges Western Ghats higher and wetter than the Eastern range

14 Brahmaputra River Originates in the Himalayan Mountains
1800 miles - longest river in modern day India Joins Ganges River in present day Bangladesh- where they meet land very fertile

15 Hindu Kush Located NW of India in present-day Afghanistan
Form fierce barrier between countries One of the world’s highest mountain ranges Permanent snow and ice Khyber Pass 28 mile long gap between mountains- traders and invaders used the pass

16 Thar Desert Also know as Great Indian Desert
Straddles the border between the India and Pakistan and flanked by Indus and Sutlej River valleys Mostly sand and very hot in summer Very little rain Sparse plant life

17 What is this? A petrified bagel A heavy bracelet A form of money
An ancient toilet seat

18 Indus Bracelets

19 Early Settlement In India
1st people in India settled by the RIVERS Scientists believe that there were ancient rivers like the Sarasvati River that runs thru the Thar Desert Farming settlements in Indus-Sarasvati region as early as 6500 B.C.E. By 2500 B.C.E. walled settlements near the Indus River

20 Mohenjodaro Ancient Indian Civilization on Indus River from about BCE Means “Place of the Dead 40,000 people once lived here 2 parts Citadel or fort Houses and workshops

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