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Identifying the Elements of Literature: Character Student Notes English I Mrs. Nagy.

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Presentation on theme: "Identifying the Elements of Literature: Character Student Notes English I Mrs. Nagy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Identifying the Elements of Literature: Character Student Notes English I Mrs. Nagy

2 Character (definition) A character is a person or sometimes an animal or other being in a story (short story, novel, play, poem, movie, etc.).

3 Types of Characters Round Flat Dymamic Static Foil Protagonist Antagonist

4 Types of Characters Defined Round Character - a round character is fully developed, meaning we know lots about the character; readers may even be able to anticipate the actions of a round character if the characterization is well done and consistent. Flat Character - we know very little about a flat character; flat characters are not meant to serve as main characters. They serve as necessary elements in plot or as elements of the setting.

5 Types of Characters Defined Dynamic Character - a dynamic character is one who changes by the end of the story, learning something that changes him or her in a permanent way. Static Character - static characters do not change; they are the same person at the end of the story as they were at the beginning.

6 Types of Characters Defined Foil Character - a foil character is in most ways opposite to the main character. The purpose of the foil character is to emphasize the traits of the main character by contrast. Protagonist - the main character of the story or the character you are “rooting for” to succeed (meet the goal or solve the conflict). The protagonist is not always a “nice guy” or hero. Antagonist - the force that works against the protagonist; the antagonist does not have to be a person (remember from conflict that forces of nature, a society, or even a flaw of the protagonist can be an antagonist).

7 Types of Characters Grouped Typically your main character will be… –The protagonist –Round –Dynamic Other major characters will be… –Foils –The antagonist –Round –Static Minor characters will be… –Flat –Static

8 Characterization Definition - the process by which the author reveals the character’s personality or what the character is like, who he or she is.

9 Types of Characterization Direct Characterization – the author directly states or tells the reader what the characters are like. Example – The girl was very shy, but also very beautiful, and therefore, always attracting attention. Indirect Characterization – the author does not directly state what the character is like and the reader has to decode a series of clues that reveal the character’s personality traits.

10 Indirect Characterization How do we know what clues to look for? Remember SATDO! S – What the character says A – The character’s appearance or environment T – The character’s thoughts D – What the character does O – What other characters say about the character

11 How do we use SATDO? As you read more and more complex texts, you will use SATDO clues to develop a deeper understanding of characters. If you actually pause to consider each of these things about a character, you can learn quite a bit about them! If you are asked a question in which you have to identify examples of character traits, SATDO is very helpful.

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