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Think – Pair – Share Assimilation or Annihilation.

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Presentation on theme: "Think – Pair – Share Assimilation or Annihilation."— Presentation transcript:


2 Think – Pair – Share Assimilation or Annihilation

3 Indian Policies Differing views of land use and culture caused conflict Creation of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) to addressed interactions between the government and Indian nations Assimilation policies – Indian reservations, the Carlisle School and Dawes Act were efforts to assimilate Native Americans and destroy their traditional way of life Wars were fought to suppress resistance of these policies

4 Carlisle Indian School Founded in 1879 at Carlisle, Pennsylvania The first off-reservation boarding school It became a model for Indian boarding schools in other locations. It was one of a series of efforts by the U.S. government to assimilate Native American children into the majority culture.

5 The Dawes Act of 1887 Goals: Consequences  was a misguided attempt to reform the government’s Native American policy.  The Dawes Act dismantled the Native American concept of shared land in favor of the principle of private property.  By 1900, Indians had lost 50 percent of the land they had held just two decades earlier.  The forced-assimilation doctrine of the Dawes Act remained the cornerstone of the governments’ official Indian policy for nearly half a century.

6 Sand Creek Massacre 1964 Colorado Territory Cheyenne and Arapaho accepted protection from the government to stay in the Sand Creek Reserve Government orders an attack on the Indians settled on this reserve The chief tries to surrender, but not accepted 150 men, women, and children are slaughtered

7 Treaty of Ft. Laramie 1868 Forced on the Sioux Tribes Forced onto a reservation along the Missouri River Temporary peace Sitting Bull thought he would still be able to use traditional hunting grounds

8 Battle of Little Bighorn 1876 Commonly known as Custer’s Last Stand Custer leads 264 US troops against 2,500 Sioux and Cheyenne led by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull Custer’s troops are defeated

9 Battle of Wounded Knee 1890 US Army rounds up 350 starving Sioux to camp at Wounded Knee in South Dakota Mysterious shots are fired Sitting Bull was killed 300 Sioux and 29 US soldiers lose their lives

10 Native American Tribes

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