Presentation on theme: "THE UNFCCC GUIDELINES: AN INTRODUCTION Workshop on the Use of the Guidelines for the Preparation of National Communications from non-Annex I Parties 8-11."— Presentation transcript:
THE UNFCCC GUIDELINES: AN INTRODUCTION Workshop on the Use of the Guidelines for the Preparation of National Communications from non-Annex I Parties 8-11 April 2003 Port Louis, Mauritius Martha Perdomo UNFCCC secretariat email@example.com
1.Introduction 2.Background 3.Guidelines adopted at COP 8 and related decisions 4.CGE (decision 3/CP.8) 5.New Funds Table of contents
1.All Parties, taking into account …. (a)Inventory (b)Mitigation and adaptation (c)Technology transfer (d)Promote sustainable development (e)Cooperation in preparing for a adaptation, integrated plans (f)Impact assessment (g)Research and systematic observation (h)Exchange of scientific, technological, technical, socio- economic and legal information (i)Education, training and public awareness (j)Communicate to the COP, in accordance with Article 12 Article 4 - Commitments
Information to be communicated in national communications (Article 12.1) In accordance with Article 4.1, each Party shall communicate to the COP, through the secretariat, the following elements of information: A national inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all GHGs not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, to the extent its capacities permit, using comparable methodologies to be promoted and agreed upon by the COP; A general description of steps taken or envisaged by the Party to implement the Convention; and Any other information that the Party considers relevant to the achievement of the objective of the Convention and suitable for inclusion in its communication, including, if feasible, material relevant for calculations of global emission trends.
Frequency of submission (Article 12.5) … each non-Annex I Party shall make its initial communication within three years of the entry into force of the Convention for that Party, or of the availability of financial resources in accordance with Article 4, paragraph 3. Parties that are least developed countries may make their initial communication at their discretion. The frequency of subsequent communications by all Parties shall be determined by the Conference of the Parties.
Relevant COP decisions Decision 11/CP.1 Initial guidance on policies, programme priorities and eligibility criteria to the operating entity or entities of the financial mechanism Decision 10/CP.2 Communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention: guidelines, facilitation and process of consideration Decision 11/CP.2 Guidance to the Global Environment Facility
Relevant COP decisions (cont.) Decision 2/CP.4 Additional guidance to the operating entity of the financial mechanism Decision 12/CP.4 Initial national communications from Parties not included in Annex to the Convention Decision 8/CP.5 Other matters related to communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention Decision 31/CP.7 Consultative Group of Experts on National Communications from non-Annex I Parties Decision 32/CP.7 Other matters relating to communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention
Revised Guidelines (Background) By decision 32/CP.7, the secretariat was to prepare the proposed draft guidelines, taking into account: (a)Third Compilation and Synthesis report (b)Recommendations of the CGE (c)Recommendations of an interregional workshop (April 2002) (d)Background information on the initial national communications submitted as at 31 December 2001 Draft guidelines (SBI Chairman’s text) were discussed at SBI 16 (FCCC/SBI/2002/INF.8) Views from Parties were submitted A compilation of the views from Parties prepared by the secretariat (FCCC/SBI/2002/INF.9) Negotiations at COP 8 Decision 17/CP.8 Guidelines for the preparation of national communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention
Guidelines adopted at COP8 (Decision 17/CP.8) Guidelines contained in the annex to decision 17/CP.8, together with the guidance to an operating entity of the financial mechanism provided in decision 6/CP.8, should be used for the preparation of second and, where appropriate, third and initial national communications
Decision 17/CP.8 Frequency of submission of second, and where appropriate, third national communications, shall be determined by COP 9 Invites non-Annex I Parties to use elements from the guidelines for Annex I countries, in preparing their national communications Requests the secretariat: To facilitate assistance to non-Annex I Parties in the preparation of their national communications To prepare reports for consideration by the SBI
Guidelines adopted at COP8 (Decision 17/CP.8) Section 1: Objectives To assist non-Annex I Parties in meeting their reporting requirements To encourage the presentation of information in a consistent, transparent and comparable, and flexible manner To facilitate the presentation of information on support required for the preparation of national communications To serve as a policy guidance to the GEF for the timely provision of financial support To ensure that the COP has sufficient information to carry out its responsibility for assessing the implementation of the Convention by Parties
Guidelines adopted at COP8 (Decision 17/CP.8) Condition (p 27) “27. Taking into account Article 4, paragraph 7, and, as appropriate, Article 4, paragraphs 3 and 5, of the Convention, the extent to which developing country Parties will effectively implement their commitment to communicate this information will depend on the effective implementation by developed country Parties of their commitments under the Convention relating to financial resources and transfer of technology.”
Summary of guidelines Old guidelines (decision 10/CP.2) New guidelines (decision 17/CP.8) Objectives National circumstances National circumstances Inventory of emissions/removals National GHG inventory General description of steps General description of steps – programmes containing measures to facilitate adequate adaptation – programmes containing measures to mitigate climate change Other information Other information – transfer of technologies (4/CP.7) – research and systematic observation (5/CP.5) – education, training and public awareness (Article 6) – capacity-building (2/CP.7) – information and networking Financial and technological Constraints and gaps needs and constraints
Capacity-building in developing countries (2/CP.7) Institutional capacity-building and/or strengthening The preparation of national communications The preparation of climate change programmes GHG inventories, emission database management, and system for collecting and utilizing activity data and EF Vulnerability and adaptation assessment Implementation of adaptation measures Development and transfer of technology
Development and transfer of technologies (4/CP.7) Technology needs and needs assessments Technology information and enabling environments Capacity-building in relation to technology transfer (education and training) Mechanisms for transfer of technology Establishment of the EGTT
Decision 5/CP.5 There is a need to identify the priority capacity-building needs related to participation in systematic observation Invites GCOS (Global Climate Observing System) to organize workshops Urges Parties to address deficiencies in their climate observing networks, propose projects, identify capacity-building needs and funding required to collect, exchange and utilize data on a continuous basis Adopt the UNFCCC reporting guidelines on global climate observing systems
Other relevant COP decisions Decision 3/CP.8 Consultative Group of Experts on National Communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (CGE) Decision 6/CP.8 Additional guidance to an operating entity of the financial mechanism
Additional guidance to the operating entity of the financial mechanism (6/CP.8) The GEF should: (a)On matters relating to national communications: Provide financial resources at an appropriate level to cover the requirements of the guidelines (decision 17/CP.8) in an expedited manner, on an agreed full costs basis, for the preparation of national communications, as well as capacity-building activities pursuant to decision 2/CP.7 and paragraphs 1(c), 3 and 4 of decision 6/CP.7
Consultative Group of Experts (decision 3/CP.8) The CGE shall have a new mandate in accordance with its revised terms of reference The mandate and revised terms of reference shall be reviewed at COP 13 Arrangements for funding of the meetings of the CGE should be provided in the budget of the secretariat as of 2004
Revised terms of reference of the CGE The Consultative Group of Experts shall be composed of experts drawn from the roster of experts: Five experts nominated by non-Annex I Parties from each of the three regions: Africa, Asia and the Pacific, and Latin America and the Caribbean Six from Annex I Parties, including one from EIT One from each of 3 international organizations with relevant experience, selected by the secretariat
Revised terms of reference of the CGE The members of the Consultative Group of Experts shall be nominated for a period of two years and shall serve a maximum of two consecutive terms. Continuity and institutional memory should be ensured. Representatives from the three regional groups of non-Annex I Parties shall serve as Chair and Rapporteur on a rotational basis. The Chair shall serve for a period of one year. The Rapporteur shall succeed in serving as Chair, at which time a new Rapporteur shall be nominated
Revised terms of reference of the CGE The Consultative Group of Experts shall meet not more than twice a year, each time in conjunction with meetings of the subsidiary bodies, or with scheduled workshops. Ad hoc meetings may be convened, when deemed necessary to fulfil its mandate, depending on the number of national communications to be considered.
Mandate of the CGE Identify and assess technical problems and constraints that have affected the preparation of initial national communications by non-Annex I Parties that have yet to complete them Identify and assess the difficulties encountered by non-Annex I Parties in the use of the guidelines and methodologies for the preparation of national communications and make recommendations for their improvement Examine national communications submitted to the secretariat, in particular, the description of analytical and methodological issues, including technical problems and constraints in the preparation and reporting of greenhouse gas inventories, mitigation activities, vulnerability and adaptation assessments and other information, with a view to improving the consistency of the information provided, data collection, the use of local and regional emission factors and activity data and the development of methodologies
Mandate of the CGE Provide technical advice and support, by organizing and conducting workshops, including hand-on training workshops at regional or subregional level as well as training on the use of the guidelines Review existing activities and programmes, including those of multilateral and bilateral funding sources, to facilitate and support the preparation of second and subsequent national communications by non-Annex I Parties Provide, as appropriate, technical advice to the Subsidiary Body for Implementation on matters relating to the implementation of the Convention by non-Annex I Parties under the UNFCCC Develop the agenda for workshops and meetings with the assistance by the secretariat, to ensure adequate coverage of issues identified in the mandate. Experts and resource persons at these workshops will be drawn from the roster of experts. If deemed necessary, other experts of international standing can be invited.
New Funds Funding under the Convention (decision 7/CP.7 ) LDC fund Decision 27/CP.7 Decision 8/CP.8 Special Climate Change Fund Decision 7/CP.8 Funding under the Kyoto Protocol (decision 10/CP.7) Adaptation Fund
History of support for the preparation of national communications
USCSP GTZ GEF UNFCCC Secretariat IPCCNCSP/ NCSU UNEP UNDP World Bank Party Regional Cooperation NCCSAP Support for the preparation of initial national communications Other bilateral support
Activities of the UNFCCC secretariat – Non-Annex I Implementation Programme Activities as a result of SBI conclusions/COP decisions: Support for national communications: Some Parties will start the preparation of their second national communications, while others will finalize their initial national communications Fifth compilation and synthesis report: The secretariat will finalize the fifth compilation and synthesis report, which will include information from 99 national communications, by COP 9 Report of the workshop on the use of the guidelines: The secretariat will present the report of the Workshop on the use of the guidelines for the preparation of national communications from non-Annex I Parties at SBI 18 (where conclusions will be drawn on how to implement the recommendations taken after the deliberation) Special climate change fund: Negotiations on the guidance to the GEF on the SCCF will be held at SBI 18 with a view to adopting a decision at COP 9 Frequency of submission of national communications: A decision at COP 9 should be taken on the frequency of submission of subsequent national communications Work of the CGE: The CGE will start preparing its workplan and the secretariat will continue supporting the work of the CGE, in particular the organization of the hands-on training and other workshops Financial and technical support for national communications: Continue working with the non-Annex I Parties in facilitating the provision of financial and technical support for the preparation of their national communications and the implementation of the Convention
Activities of the UNFCCC secretariat – Non-Annex I Implementation Programme Other activities (existing or proposed) in support of non-Annex I Parties: Relaunch of CC:Forum: The secretariat will relaunch the CC:Forum at SBI 18 as a forum to exchange views for collaboration among Parties (south- south cooperation) and for bilateral and multilateral organizations to inform on their efforts in supporting the preparation of second national communications Proposed knowledge management system: An information tool (knowledge management system) to assist Parties in the preparation of national communications to be developed (the secretariat is seeking resources to establish a system, via the web site, where information will be provided on support programmes) Collaboration with other support activities: Continue the collaboration with programmes such as the NCSU and the AIACC NAI update and newsletter: The secretariat has recently launched two outreach activities (NAI updated and newsletter) intended to inform national focal points, national climate change coordinators on activities of the secretariat and others in support of the national communication process