Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-191 Environmental Correlates
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-192 Environmental Factors Climate Environmental Prompts Availability of fitness equipment Perceived access to PA resources Actual Access to PA resources Home-based Facilities Neighborhood Health Care Facilities Schools Worksite Facilities
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-193 Q59:What is the most influential environmental determinate related to physical activity involvement? Answer is: Climate
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-194 True or False Q60:When working out at home one rarely performs vigorous physical activity? Answer: False
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-195 Home-Based Facilities Perceived as high intense exercise and strength training Most accessible Most convenient
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-196 Question 61 Which of the following are problems with home- based physical fitness programs? a.They lack technical instruction about the how of exercise b.They lack proper exercise prescription c.Social support is lacking d.Management of exercise is lacking Answer: All
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-197 Question 62 A client comes into your fitness facility to workout and finds out that the class has been cancelled. What will the client likely do? a.Leave the facility and not workout b.Stays in the facility and find a exercise alternative
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-198 Perceived Access to PA Resources If the client is low in their intention to exercise, I would say the answer would likely be (a). All facilities need to ensure the future client of the availability the following resources: –Access to equipment –Exercise program that meets their needs. –Enriching leader –Access to a workout site (private, home, school, etc)
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-199 Q63:The one number resource barrier to exercise in minority women who want to join a health club is? Answer is: cost of membership
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1910 Q64: What is meant by this phrase, “density of physical fitness facilities?” A.Quality of programs within a worksite physical fitness facility B.Quantity of programs within a worksite physical fitness facility. C.Index to the number of physical fitness facilities within a community. Answer is: C
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1911 Actual Access to PA Resources Cost or cost to join –Minority women’s #1 cause Density of Facilities –More facilities = more PA involvement “Little doubt access perceived or actual influences PA participation”
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1912 Q65:The key strategy that positively influences physical activity involvement in health care facilities is what? Assessment and client profiling of the physical fitness components is the key strategy
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1913 Q66: Physical activity involvement in the schools emphasizes what group of students: A.Pre-school B.Elementary C.High School D.Junior High Answer: B
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1914 Q67: According to the text which group of student need to emphasized when it come to PA? A.Pre-school B.Elementary C.Junior High D.High school The answer is: D
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1915 Q68:Which facility has the greatest potential to impact physical activity levels in communities? A.Worksite PA facilities B.Private PA facilities such a Gold Gym or YMCA C.Health care PA facilities associated with Hospitals and PT centers Answer is: C
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1916 Q69:What effect does work-site health facilities have on blue-collar workers? A.Small B.Moderate C.High
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1917 Worksite Facilities Small effect size in blue collar workers Convenient for those who regularly exercise
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1918 Question 70 If your company has a worksite PA facility and program and you must pay to become a member, you will still likely use the PA facility? True or False Answer: False
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1919 Major Worksite Barriers Schedules & class offerings Transportation Day care Membership Cost
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1920 Question 71 The cost of a membership in a club is a major barrier for who? a.High income, married male b.High income, married female c.Low income, single male d.Low income, single female Answer is: D
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1921 Answer Single women of a lower socioeconomic level (especially if they have young children).
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1922 Question 72 What affect does access have on physical activity as we age? Answer: Older or aged clients become very sensitive to PA resource to be accessible
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1923 Question 73 What is the major factor in why North Americans have very low bicycle and walking patterns within a urban area? Answer: Lack of sidewalks and bicycle lanes (paths) on highways and in neighborhoods (urban areas)
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1924 Question 74 At the present time, student physical activity during a physical education class is sufficient to reap the expected health benefits of exercise?
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1925 Answer is No! CDC surveys in 1999, 2001, and 2003 reported that students are active for an average of just 16 minutes. What if we increased the time in physical education per student? - Cornell report found that by adding 200 minutes to physical education would result in only 7.5 minutes of more activity and have minimal effect. -Don’t add minutes but provide a physical education curriculum that is fitness oriented based not sports and gaming education.
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1926 Question 75 List the common home exercise machines that fitness oriented customers usually buy? A.Treadmills B.Stationary bike C.Rowing machines D.Cross country machines E.Stair climbing machines
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1927 Question 78 People who live in activity-friendly environments are more active and achieve the CDC recommended levels of PA. Answer: True a.The closer people lived to a bikeway, the more likely they were to use it. b.People with safe places to walk within 10 minutes of home usually met the recommended CDC activity levels. c.Neighborhoods with well-maintained sidewalks and bicycling routes were likely to reach the CDC activity levels.
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1928 Question 79 People who live in neighborhoods with a mix of shop and businesses within walking distance have a lower risk of obesity? Answer is True
Unit III: Chapter 8-11 & 17-1929 Question 80 Is the following statement true: Getting children to play and being active outdoors is the number one correlate to being physically fit. Answer is True Children’s activity levels are associated with number of play spaces near their home (Salis et al. 1997)