5 The seats partially enclosed the orchestra. The orchestra was the area in which the chorus chanted lines and danced.The chorus consisted of a dozen or so men.
6 The chorus is both a participant and observer of the action The chorus is both a participant and observer of the action. It is often used to clarify the play for the audience
7 ThespiansA guy named Thespis first came up with the idea to have single actors on the stageThis is why actors today are known as thespians.Eventually three actors would play all roles (still all men!)
8 Because the amphitheatres were so huge, actors wore masks for facial expressions They were also to help project their voices through the cone-like openings.
10 Greek TragedyIn literature, a tragedy presents courageous and dignified individuals who are faced with failure, defeat or even death
11 Terms to know: Protagonist: the leading character in a literary work Antagonist: one who opposes the main character**In Greek tragedy, the protagonist is someone regarded as extraordinary rather than typical, a great man or woman brought from happiness to agony.
12 Tragic Flaw: a character flaw that causes the downfall of the protagonist – -- could be an excess of pride (called hubris), ambition, passion, anything that brings him down.
13 Hamartia: a mistake or error in judgement, usually made by the protagonist, that brings about his or her downfallFor example, the hero might attempt to achieve a certain objective X; by making an error in judgment, however, the hero instead achieves the opposite of X, with disastrous consequences.
14 Irony: when one thing is expected and another occurs Dramatic Irony: the meaning of a character’s words or actions is understood by the audience but not the character