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The Role of Governments in Activating Corporate Social Responsibility

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Presentation on theme: "The Role of Governments in Activating Corporate Social Responsibility"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Role of Governments in Activating Corporate Social Responsibility
Dr. Sherifa Fouad Sherif Cairo University

2 Definition of CSR Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is the commitment of business to contribute to sustainable economic development, working with employees, their families, the local community and society at large to improve quality of life, in ways that are both good for business and good for development. (The World Bank)

3 CSR Pyramid

4 CSR Pillars -Partnership Approach
Government NGO’s Civil Society Business: SME’s Multinational

5 The Different Names of CSR
Evolving over the years and being an integral part of how businesses around the world operate, Corporate Social Responsibility has been synonymous to: ضمير الشركات Corporate Conscience المواطنة فى الشركات Corporate Citizenship الشركات ذات المسئولية Responsible Business الادارة المسئولة Responsible Management الشركات المستدامة Sustainable Business التوجه الطوعى للشركات Corporate Philanthropy

6 The Changing Role Government
Understanding the changing role of the governments in promoting corporate social responsibility (CSR). Governments should join other stakeholders in assuming a relevant role as drivers of CSR. Governments are working together with intergovernmental organizations in the field of CSR. Governments are recognizing that public policies are key in encouraging a greater sense of CSR.

7 Benefits of CSR The main benefits that may be achieved if CSR is implemented: Competitive advantage for the company Better reputation for the company Ability to attract and retain workers, customers, clients Maintenance of employees’ morale, commitment and productivity View of investors, owners, donors, sponsors and the financial community .

8 Benefits of CSR - cont. Better relationships with:
Companies, governments, the media, suppliers, peers, customers and the community in which it operates Sustainable development Profitability – virtuous cycle Market governance – cases of market failure Modern performance assessment models – balanced scorecard & triple bottom line

9 Promoting CSR Governments worldwide have adopted strategies and roles to promote CSR. The integration of new partnerships that governments establish in the CSR area with the private sector and social organizations.

10 Win-Win Situation Governments are incorporating a common statement and discourse on CSR, working in partnership with the private and social sectors. For governments, CSR implies the need to manage a complex set of relationships in order to develop a win–win situation between business and social organizations.

11 Re-Inventing Roles The role of government and private sector has been changing over the years. The increase of societal problems has led the government and private sector to re-invent themselves. There is continuing commitment by businesses to behave ethically and contribute to sustainable economic development while improving the quality of life. The government working together with the private sector is the key to the success of Corporate Social Responsibility in Egypt.

12 Application of CSR Although there is broad consensus that corporate social responsibility (CSR) has a business-driven approach and that the main focus of CSR development is the business sector. Attention must also be paid to the development and application of CSR within the framework of other stakeholders, such as governments.

13 Governments and CSR Governments have joined other stakeholders in assuming a role as drivers of CSR. Governmental initiatives converged (united) with the actions of different international organizations such as the UN, World Bank and the European Commission. Both promoting and endorsing CSR. Recognizing that the role of public administration and public policy initiatives were key in encouraging a greater sense of CSR.

14 CSR as a useful framework
CSR is seen as a useful framework within which new ways of collaborating between corporations, governments and civil society can be found, creating innovative mechanisms for governance. The demand for societal governance to cope with the social challenges such as unemployment, poverty and environmental problems.

15 CSR and Sustainable Development
One of the most important elements of CSR is the link between CSR and sustainable development. CSR has been described as the business contribution to sustainable development. Governments have an opportunity and the responsibility to assume a leadership role in creating a more sustainable environment in which sustainable business can thrive, building conditions that promote sustainability.

16 Co-Responsibility The state is searching for a new role, which means a new allocation of tasks and responsibilities between state and society. The existence of complex social challenges requires society to take on its corresponding part of responsibility. The relationship between public and private spheres, between state and society, and between the private sector and civil society, at the level of co-responsibility.

17 Comparative View Analyzing government CSR vision, objectives, strategy and priorities, governmental structure and policy implementation across different levels of governments in Italy, Norway and the United Kingdom.

18 Comparative View CSR is considered by the three governments to be a cross-governmental issue with a broad agenda touching on social, environmental issues. In each country, different ministries introduce CSR initiatives into their specific policy areas.

19 Comparative View All three share the same overall discourse on CSR, the role of the business sector in addressing the problems faced by society and its contribution to sustainable development. Their policy frameworks and policy implementation vary in terms of their vision, objectives, priorities and scope. International vs. domestic, organizational structures, initiatives, policy mechanisms and programs, and levels of implementation at regional and local levels.

20 Comparative View Norway, the Ministry of the Environment is introducing CSR elements into its sustainability agenda. With respect to the institutionalization of CSR within governmental structure. (mainstreaming) The United Kingdom was the first government to have a CSR Minister, sending out a strong message that the UK government was taking CSR seriously.

21 Multistakeholders CSR is generally seen as a strategic and competitive opportunity by all three countries. How this is structured by governments varies depending on every governments vision. The multistakeholder partnership approach is adopted by these countries.

22 Multistakeholder Partnership Approach
In all countries, the governments’ general preferences are for a partnership approach with the business community. Raising awareness, capacity building, stakeholder engagement, and facilitating voluntary initiatives.

23 Governments Role Governments have an important role to play in defining clear policy frameworks of action to influence and encourage organizations to apply CSR in their strategy.

24 What Governments’ Should Do
Governments can act as brokers between sectors, working both on the supply side of CSR (companies, consultants) and on its demand side (citizens, consumers, investors, stakeholder groups). (facilitators, mediators) Governments should reward good practice, by supporting social enterprises whose activities benefit the community.

25 Egypt’s Action Plan Further integrating CSR into education, training and research. (Creating awareness) Providing support for education and training in the field of CSR, and explore opportunities for funding more research. Emphasizing the importance of CSR policies. High level of enterprise awareness supported by effective public policies to promote CSR.

26 Egypt’s Action Plan Government should promote and reinforce national multi-stakeholder dialogue on CSR. The Egyptian government should encourage enterprises to base their approach to corporate social responsibility on internationally recognized CSR guidelines and principles. Iso and UN Global Compact Especially in the case for larger enterprises and for enterprises seeking to adopt a more international approach to CSR.

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