Presentation on theme: "Water movement through plants"— Presentation transcript:
1 Water movement through plants How does water move through a plant?Which part of the plant does water enter?Which part of the plant does water leave?What do you know already?With the person next to you discuss for 1 minute what you already know about the movement of water through plants
2 TranspirationTranspiration is the movement of water molecules through the plant. Up from the roots, through Xylem vessels and evaporating out through the stomata in the leaves.Certain conditions affect the rate of transpiration. If it is warm, water is lost because of the increased movement of the molecules. The wind will blow away molecules near the stomata. Humidity will slow down water loss because the concentration gradient is small.
4 Root hairs give plant roots a large surface area. Why do you think they have no chloroplasts?
5 Evaporation and transpiration Evaporation is the process of a liquid turning to gas.Transpiration is the release of water vapour from a plant through the leaves, causing water to move through the plant.
6 XylemThe xylem carries water and minerals from the roots to the leavesThe cellulose cell walls contain extra layers of a chemical called lignin.Once xylem cells have formed the xylem they die making long thin vessels for water to move through
7 PhloemThe phloem carries dissolved food such as sugars from the leaves to other areas of the plantPhloem cells are alive. If they are damages they cannot work properly.
8 Xylem & Phloem Xylem Tissue made of Tracheid cells transports water from root to leaves via -a. Capillary Actionb. Transpiration PullPhloem TissueMade of sieve tubes and companion cellsTransports food (organic molecules) from leaf to root or vice versasugar transport
21 WiltingIf a plant is losing more water than it can replace, it will begin to wilt.This will reduce the amount of water lost as the surface area is reduced.
22 What did you learn today? What is the scientific name for water moving through a plant?What is the name of the vein in plants that water moves through?Give 3 ways that affect the rate of transpiration and explain why.What is a potometer?How does wilting reduce water loss?
24 What did you learn today? 1. What is the scientific name for water moving through a plant?Transpiration2. What is the name of the vein in plants that water moves through?Xylem3. Give 3 ways in which water is useful in plantsCools it down when it evaporates, used for photosynthesis, support, carries dissolved minerals
25 What did you learn today? 4. How do plants use osmosis to help them regulate water loss? Water osmoses into or out of the guard cells to open or close stomata. If guard cells are turgid, stomata is open. 5. Give 2 ways in which plants reduce water loss from them Few stomata, small leaves, stomata on the bottom of leaf, ability to close stomata (waxy cuticle), wilting
26 What did you learn today? 6. Why do water particles move out of the air spaces in leaves into the air? Because there is a higher concentration of water particles in the air space than outside the leaf so the water particles diffuse out of the leaf