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Published byEverett Brooks
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Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities of a CitizenChapter 3.2
In this lesson, we will: Describe the rights of American citizensList and explain the duties of citizens Define some of the responsibilities of citizenship
Vocabulary Jury of Peers Witnesses Common Good Candidate
With a partner: What is the difference between a right and a duty?
Rights of Citizens Right to Vote and to hold elected officeFreedom of Speech Freedom of Religion Right to a fair trial Right to be protected by your government when in other countries
5 Duties of Citizens Obeying the laws Defending the nationServing on a jury or as a witness in court Paying taxes Attending school =)
Duty #1:Obeying the LawsPersonal safety Make agreements and settle disagreements Protect citizens’ rights No one is above the law in a democracy
Obeying the Laws “Rule of Law” – government of laws rather than men/women Officials make decisions based on laws, not personal opinion All treated equally before the law Public laws: available to all
Duty #2: Defending the NationHelp our country defend its self against threats 18 – may volunteer to serve in armed forces 18- men must register for Selective Service
Selective Service Does not mean will be called to dutyOnly if draft instituted If against a man’s moral belief can request to be reassigned to public service
Duty #3: Serving on a Jury or as a WitnessBasic right – fair trial Guilty- MUST be proven “beyond a reasonable doubt” Guilt is determined by a jury of peers
Jury of Peers A group of citizens who hear the case and decide whether the person accused is guilty or innocent
Witnesses People who have seen events or heard conversations related to the crime Help determine guilt or innocence
Serving on a Jury or as a WitnessOur duty: We must if called Law: Can be jailed if fail to fulfill this duty
Duty #4: Taxes Taxes raise money to pay for services that citizens ask the government to provide
In your notes: List 3 services that our government provides with our tax dollars.
Duty #5: Attending SchoolRequired by law to attend Ages vary by state; usually age 6 to 16 Society depends on schools to teach skills needed to be a successful adult
Purpose of School To prepare young people to support themselves and contribute to society (Rewrite in your own words) To keep our government going
Responsibilities of CitizensResponsibility: Voluntary Not required by law to do, but important part of being a citizen
6 Responsibilities The Common Good Voting Holding Government OfficeElection Campaigns Influencing Government Serving the Community
The Common Good Basic ResponsibilityCitizens are to contribute to the Common Good of society
The Common Good For the good of societyProtect rights and freedoms of everyone All responsibilities are connected to this
Voting Most important right Vote for all levels of representativesVote on public issues Must be an informed voter- “Do your research”
Holding Office Choose to make decisions for the peopleIn your notes, list 3 public offices (Other than President or Vice President)
Election Campaigns Help a candidate - A person running for an officeCarrying a sign, stuffing envelopes, making phone calls
Influencing GovernmentWork to get the government to take action Express your opinions on issues Write letters, , speak, join organizations
Serving the Community Anytime you do something to make our community better Examples: List 2 in your notes
Exit Slip: On a piece of paper1. Explain the difference between a right, duty, and a responsibility. 2. Rank the 5 duties of government from most important to less important.
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