Presentation on theme: "Gender psychosocial meaning of maleness, or femaleness (feeling of what you are) Gender Identity – psychological sense of being male or female Gender."— Presentation transcript:
1 Genderpsychosocial meaning of maleness, or femaleness (feeling of what you are)Gender Identity – psychological sense of being male or femaleGender (sex) role – cultural norms for male/female behaviorSex: genetic makeup, anatomical (male/female)By 18 months people have a firm gender identity
2 Chromosomal Disorders Turner Syndrome – sex chromosomes are XO (female), 1/2000 births, normal looking, ovaries absent, lack of breast, shortKlinefelters Syndrome – “XXY” 1/500 births, sterile, anatomically male, undersized penis/testes, breast development, gender/identity confusionAndrogen Insensitivity Syn. – undescended testes, internally not normal, external female, identify femaleFetal Androgenized Females (XX) – ovaries inside, more male than female internal, gender confusion
4 Sexual OrientationSexual Orientation - consistent pattern of emotional and sexual attraction based on biological sexHomosexual – emotional and sexual attraction to people of ones own sexHeterosexual – attraction to people of the other sexBisexuality – attraction to both sex’sTranssexuals – cross gender identification and gender dysphoria; etiology is unclear, psychotherapy w/o sex change unsuccessful
6 Five Agents of Socialization: what makes us more male/female Parental expectations – buying certain colors/toysPeers influence how child plays – by pre-k 90% of kids play with same sexSchool teachers and textbooks – book authors, male/female teachersTelevision and gender based stereotypesReligious Training – mostly male ministers
7 Myth’s* Most Lesbians Or Gays Regard Themselves As Members Of The Opposite Sex.Fact.The majority, if not all gays and lesbians are very happy with their gender. In many ways, their sexual identity is seen as a celebration and an affirmation of their gender, not rejection of it. People often confuse homosexuality with transsexuality and or transvestism. Transsexual people feel as if they were born into the wrong body and should be the opposite gender. Transvestites are people who often dress in the clothing of the opposite sex. Most transvestites are heterosexual.
8 Myth.* All Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual And Transgender People Can Be Identified By Certain Mannerisms Or Physical Characteristics.Fact.Only a very small percentage of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people have stereotypic mannerisms and characteristics. As with heterosexuals, homosexuals and transgender people come in many shapes, sizes and different colors. It is fair to say that some heterosexuals portray a variety of the so-called gay stereo typical characteristics.
9 Myth.* The Majority Of Child Molesters Are Gay Men And Women.Fact.Statistics have shown that paedophelia or child molestsation is perpetrated by mainly heterosexuals. In fact, over 90% of all reported molestations are carried out by heterosexual males.
10 Myth.* You Are Either Heterosexual Or Homosexual. Very Few Are Bisexual.Fact.The studies of Dr Alfred Kinsey and his associates are most frequently cited on this question. Their data suggests that, in fact, few people are predominately heterosexual or homosexual. Most people fall somewhere along the continuum between these two ends of the scale, and therefore have the capacity to experience both affection and sexual feelings for members of both sexes.
11 StatisticsAs many as 7.2 million Americans under age 20 are lesbian or gay.45% of gay males and 20% of lesbians experience physical or verbal assault in high school; 28% of these young people feel forced to drop out of school due to harassment based on sexual orientation.According to Kinsey, 28% of boys and 17% of girls have one or more same-sex experiences before age 20.80% of lesbian and gay youths who took part in a 1987 study reported severe isolation.Every day, 13 Americans ages 15 to 24 commit suicide. In 1989, suicide was the leading cause of death among gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered youths; 53% of transsexual youths.PFLAGupstatesc.org (Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians and Gays