Presentation on theme: "The Virginia Plan. The first plan, proposed by Edmund Randolph of Virginia and written largely by James Madison, was known as the Virginia Plan. It included."— Presentation transcript:
The first plan, proposed by Edmund Randolph of Virginia and written largely by James Madison, was known as the Virginia Plan. It included several major proposals. -The federal gov. would have three separate branches; Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. -Congress (the national legislature) would consist of two houses; the House of Representatives and the Senate. -Both houses, the number of representatives from each state would be based on its population. -Voters in each state would elect the members of the House of Representatives who, in turn, would choose the members of the Senate from lists of people nominated by state legislatures.
The Virginia Plan -Congress would have all the powers it held under the Articles of Confederation plus power to make laws for the states, to override state laws, and to force states to obey national laws -Congress would choose members of the Judicial Branch as well as a President Those who feared a strong central Gov. objected to the Virginia Plan because it gave Congress too much authority over state legislatures. The main protests came from smaller states, such as New Jersey and Delaware, which had smaller populations and would, therefore, have fewer representatives in Congress under this plan.
After two weeks of intense debate, William Paterson of New Jersey proposed the alternative known as the New Jersey Plan. Paterson’s plan also called for three branches of Gov. and granted the Gov. more powes than the Articles of Confederation had. The New Jersey Plan, however, differed in several important ways. -All states, large or small, would have an equal number of representatives in Congress (just as they had under the Articles). -Congress would consist of only one house, to be elected by the state legislatures rather than directly by the people. -Congress would choose several people to serve in the Executive Branch. These people would, in turn, have the power to appoint members of the Judicial Branch.
Major Compromises At the Constitutional Convention The Great Compromise PROBLEM : How many votes a state had in Congress was a problem. The large states Wanted representation to be determined by population. The smaller states wanted all the states To be equally represented. COMPROMISE : Connecticut offered a compromise: a bicameral (two house) Legislature With equal state representation in the Senate and representation according to state population In the House of Representation. Three-Fifths compromise PROBLEM: The Southern states with large slave populations wanted slaves to count towards representation in the House, but not for tax purposes. The Northern states felt slaves (considered as property) should be taxed but not representated. COMPROMISE: The delegates agreed that each five slaves would count as three persons for taxation and representation purposes.
Major Compromises At the Constitutional Convention Slave Trade and Commerce Compromise PROBLEM: Those against slavery wanted the slave trade abolished. COMPROMISE: The delegates agreed that no new slaves could be imported after 1808. However, slavery itself continued. Tariffs (Taxes on Imports) PROBLEM: Southerners exported many agricultural goods, especially cotton to Britian. They did not want the federal Gov. placing tariffs on their exports. Morthern business Interests wanted tariffs to protect them from foreign competition. COMPROMISE: Congress could not tax exports (domestic goods sent to be sold overseas). It did receive the power to tax imports (foreign goods being brought into the country).
Major Compromises At the Constitutional Convention The Presidency PROBLEM: There was a general agreement on the need for a strong executive. Disagreements arose over the length of the President’s term. Suggestions ranged from Three years to life. Some delegates wanted the people to directly elect the President. Other delegates mistrusted the judgment of the people. COMPROMISE: The delegates compromised and set the term at four years. An Indirect election system would be used.