2 The Hebrews(Israelites) Group of Nomadic people from CanaanAbraham 1st to worship one god
3 The Hebrews (Israelites) Forced to leave because of drought and famineWent to Egypt where they were enslavedEgyptian Prince named Moses leads the Hebrews out of Egypt around 1250 BC“The Exodus”
4 Rise of JudaismMoses talked with God who made a covenant with the peopleHebrews accept God as the ruler of heaven and Earth and Hebrews become the chosen people.Moses received the 10 Commandments.
5 Teachings of Judaism Jews are monotheistic – Belief in one God Call their God YAHWEHHoly text is the TaNaKhT Torah – Teaching – 5 books of MosesThe Torah contains their laws and early teachingsN Nevi’im – The ProphetsK Kh’tuvim – The WritingsEthical World ViewPeople and their Rulers should lead moral lives
6 Transition to Christianity Jews believe a messiah will come and deliver the Jews from foreign ruleOne anointed by God
7 Rise of Christianity Grows out of the Jewish Faith Founded by Jesus of NazarethStarts preaching when he is about 30
8 Rise of Christianity Jesus arrested and crucified in 33 AD Story of his life is collected in books called the Gospels.
9 Teachings of Christianity Christianity is a Monotheistic ReligionUpholds the Ten CommandmentsStresses Love for God and others.God loves all peopleFundamental belief is that Jesus is the son of God and he came to Earth and died for the forgiveness of all of man’s sins.If anyone believes this, they will have eternal life in heaven
10 Teachings of Christianity Jesus’s teachings are collected in the New Testament.The Gospel’s are the first 4 books of the New Testament.
11 Rise of Islam Islam emerged in the Arabian Peninsula Developed from the teachings of MuhammadHe was born in Mecca around 570 AD
12 Rise of IslamMuhammad received messages from Gabriel – angel of God – to begin preachingHad to move from Mecca to MedinaThe hejiraTurning point in Islam, marks the beginning of the expansion of Islam.
13 Rise of IslamMuhammad raised a following in Medina and conquered Mecca.Islam continued to spread rapidly:Indus River to Atlantic Ocean
15 Rise of Islam 30 years after Muhammad died Islam split into two sects Sunni and ShiitesSunni 940 million today; Traditional; Islamic leader elected by peopleShia 120 Million today; “Followers”; Islamic leader descendant of Ali (Muhammad’s son in law and named successor)
17 Teachings of IslamSummary – “There is no god but Allah: Muhammad is his prophet.”Islam means submission.Muslim is someone who submits to God/Allah’s will.
18 Teachings of Islam 5 Pillars of Islam The 5 things that followers of Islam must do.
19 Teachings of Islam1st Pillar - All Muslims must proclaim their belief in one God and that God revealed his word to MuhammadSame God of Jews and ChristiansHonor many prophets – Abraham, Moses, and Jesus but Muhammad is the greatest one
20 Teachings of Islam 2nd Pillar - Muslims must pray 5 times a day While praying need to face the city of Mecca“Allah alone is great.I testify that there is no god but Allah.I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.Come to Prayer.Come to Success.Allah alone is Great.There is no god but Allah.”
21 Teachings of Islam 3rd Pillar – Charity to the poor and aged 4th Pillar – Fasting during the month of Ramadan
22 Teachings of Islam5th Pillar – Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in life if capable to – THE HAJJ
23 Teachings of Islam Sacred book is the Koran or Qur'an Authority on religion, politics, law, economic, and social life
24 People of the BookMuhammad called Jews and Christians “people of the book” because they followed God’s teachings in the Bible and the Tanakh.Have special status as protected people and should be respected.
25 Jihad Mean’s struggle in the name of God. Includes inner struggle as well as external struggles in defense of Islam.
26 Connection Between the 3 religions How are these three religions connected?Same GodMonotheisticJudgment DayTrace their roots to AbrahamCreate a Line of Succession