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The Second Article The Executive Branch

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1 The Second Article The Executive Branch
THE PRESIDENT and the Vice President

2 President To be A pres: -35 yrs old Live in US 14 yrs Native Born
citizen Benefits pay 2001 move to $400,000 Travel and housing at the White house

3 Election and Term of Office
Every 4 years elected Allowed two terms in office max 8 yrs 22 amendments made two-term limit legal 1951 10 yrs possible if VP takes over and then runs 2 more times Our Pres- Franklin D Roosevelt first President 4 terms




7 Vice President -35 yrs old, live US 14 yrs, US Born
Take office if President dies President over Senate Benefits Pay-today $198,600 Travel, housing OUR VP-

8 Presidential Succession
-1947-order in case of death-Vice President -Speaker of the House -President Pro Tempore the Senate -Secretary of State -see pg 359 th amendment-If President can’t do the job then VP takes power -New President chooses VP (both houses of Congress must approve) -If President can’t do job for short time give power to VP                     

9 Election into office In the past the person finish second in election chosen VP th amendment- vote for Pres and VP together Voted in by Electoral College PAST-Electoral college-group of officials chosen by each state to choose a President People did not vote for president

10 Electoral College Today
Today 538 electors broken Number based on the number of senators and representatives per State Large populated states get more electors The Electors vote based on how the state population voted If candidate win state get all electors (CA 55) Candidate must get 270 electoral votes to become president

11 3 problems with Electoral College
1.Popular vote winner not guaranteed to win elections Popular vote – number of actual votes Electoral -vote electoral votes based on states won 2000 Al gore won popular vote but lost electoral vote 2.Electors do not have to vote with popular vote(they nearly always do) 3.House of representative will choose winner of neither gets 270 electoral votes


13 2004 Election

14 2008

15 II President’s Major roles
Chief Executive -Carry out Nations Laws

16 Passing Executive order
Executive order- rules or commands of President taken like a law -Orders made during crisis when things need to be done quickly

17 Appoint Officials- -Chooses who will be Supreme Court judges
-Ambassadors to other countries -Cabinet- those help him make decisions -Head of government agencies-CIA, FBI…

18 Chief Diplomat President responsibility deal with other countries 2 powers Appoint ambassador -Send American representative to other countries -Do not send ambassador to countries gain power illegally -Ambassador check in with President issues of country

19 Make Treaty -Treaty is an agreement between countries
-Senate must approve treaty -Or executive agreement with leader of other country with out Senate

20 Commander in Chief -Leader of Armed forces Navy, Army, Coast Guard, Marines, Air force -Has power over all Generals- makes decision to attack or not

21 War Powers Act 1973 -         President needs to tell Congress when troops are sent in -         Troops must be returned home after 60 days unless congress allows or declares war Peace Time Role -         President can send troops to keep peace in other Countries Use troops to keep order in the U.S.

22 The Cabinet Executive Office -President on top below official help
-Cabinet- group of officials help President make decisions

23 Cabinet-Group of advisers for President-
advise president on issues related to their department - not mentioned in the constitution 15 leaders different departments (Areas)-called Secretaries Secretary of State-plans foreign policy

24 -Treasury- money country has 1789
-Defense- military 1789 -Depatment of Justice- law enforcement 1870 -Interior- problems inside country 1849 -Agriculture- farming 1889 -Commerce- trade of goods 1903 -Labor- work force 1913 Health and Human Services 1953

25 -Housing and Urban Development- problems in cities 1965
-Transportation- highways, Railroad, airlines 1966 -Energy-oil, coal, electricity 1977 -Education- schools advise and $$ 1979 -Veterans Affairs- rights for military vets 1989 -Homeland Security-protecting country from outsiders 2002

26 III Foreign Policy and the Executive Office(President)
-Foreign Policy- National plan for dealing with other countries.

27 4 Goals of Foreign Policy
1.National Security- Keep country safe from attack 2.International Trade- keeps trade with other countries -Keep economy (money) moving for Americans -Find places to sell American products and keep American Jobs 3.World peace- wars around world can hurt trade -Problems in Middle East affect oil prices 4. Promote democracy and Human rights around World -Set up Democratic gov in Iraq

28 American International trade

29 .National Security Council-Safety of the country
Make decisions on threats to country by groups or other countries Oversee the CIA- gather information about other governments Other Offices Council of Economic Advisers-problems of employment, tax, inflation, & trade Council on Environmental Quality - advise environment

30 Parts of Foreign policy Under President Executive Branch
-State Department, Defense Dept, CIA, National Security Council -President and congress share power -Pres communicate other countries- only congress can declare war & control money for war

31 Treaties- agreement between Nations- President start, congress approve
Executive agreement- agreement between 2 World Leaders Between Pres Mex & US Ambassador official Representative to other country Pres choose- Senate approve US gives money to help other countries money to Colombia stop drug trade Money to Iraq rebuild country

32 Trade agreements Trade sanctions- punish other countries control trade with them example- S Africa- slow trade with south Africa for racist laws 1980’s Embargo- Not allow a group countries to trade with another example- Cuba we do not buy or sell to Cuba

33 At any time IF military is needed present can send army for short Term problems
Sent army to Somalia (Africa) control a Revolution

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