Presentation on theme: "Population Challenges Canadian Geography 1202 Chapter 12."— Presentation transcript:
Population Challenges Canadian Geography 1202 Chapter 12
Canada’s Population 34,605,346 in Oct 2011 Migration : movement of people from one place to another. Demography : the study of population statistics Do # 1, page 244-45 (graph). Add more current numbers from 1994-2011, from the Stats Can website.
Population Growth Birth Rate: number of births per 1000 population Death Rate: number of deaths per 1000 population When the birth rate is higher than the death rate, the population is increasing naturally. Do # 2,3,4, pages 246-247 (graphs), but leave out 1994 and add the birth and death rates for 1995, 2005 & 2010.
Fertility Rates Fertility Rate: average number of live births for every woman 15-45. Canada’s is 1.58; Malawi’s is 5.43. Why the difference? Infant Mortality Rate: number of deaths per 1000 births. Canada’s is 6.8; Malawi’s is 93 Why the difference? Malawi’s Fertility Rate
The Growth Rate Growth Rate: percentage increase over a previous population total Dependency Load: people in a population who are supported by others
The Growth Rate Canada’s population is increasing, but the growth rate is slowing Canada’s Population Growth Rate
Migration Migration : leave one place for another Immigration : moving to a foreign country as a permanent resident Emigration : leaving one country to live in another Net Migration : comparing the # of people immigrating to a country to the # of people emigrating from it Do # 10 c,d, page 250
Population Patterns Population Density The number of people in a measured land area (Do # 14, p.252)
Population Patterns Population Distribution: The pattern of population in an area (Do # 15a,b,d, 16) Aboriginal Population Distribution, 1996 General Population Distribution, 1996 Male/Female Distribution, 2006
Population Patterns Factors Influencing Population Patterns Industrial Inertia: The attraction of businesses to move next to an area of existing businesses Big Box Stores St John’s, NL Water Street, St John’s
Population Patterns Factors Influencing Population Patterns Windsor-Quebec City Axis (Industrial Heartland ): Heavily industrialized and populated region… Windsor-Quebec City Axis 60% of Canada’s population Almost 75% of Canada’s industry 6 of the 10 largest Canadian cities (Toronto, Montreal,…)
Population Patterns Factors Influencing Population Patterns Hinterland: Area beyond an urbanized or industrialized region