Presentation on theme: "What is “Appalachian Compact”?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What is “Appalachian Compact”? A compact formed by Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware and West Virginia under the terms of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985.Exclusionary AuthorityRegional Facility
2 Low-Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW) Classification NRC regulations (10 CFR Part 61) has specified a waste classification system for LLRWThere are three (3) classes of LLRW: Class A, Class B and Class CThe majority of LLRW is Class A waste
3 Table 1 Radionuclide Concentration, curies per cubic meter C-14 in activated metalNi-59 in activated metalNb-94 in activated metalTcIAlpha emitting transuranic nuclides with half-life greater than 5 yearsPuCm8802200.230.08*100*3,500*20,000*Units are nanocuries per gram
4 Table 2 Radionuclide Concentration, curies per cubic meter Col. 1 Total of all nuclides with less than 5 year half-lifeHCoNiNi-63 in activated metalSrCs700403.5350.041*701504470004600*There are no limits established for these radionuclides in Class B or C wastes.
5 Status of Commercial LLRW Disposal Facilities 1. Barnwell Disposal Facility in South CarolinaAccepts Class A, B and C wastesClosed to out-of-compact (Atlantic Compact) waste in July 20082. Energy Solutions (formerly Envirocare) facility in UtahAccepts Class A waste from the entire nation except the Northwest and Rocky Mountain compactsNot a Regional Facility3. Richland Facility in WashingtonAccepts Class A, B, and C wastes from the Northwest and Rocky Mountain CompactsAccepts radium sources from other compacts including the Appalachian Compact
6 Closure of Barnwell and Survey of Appalachian Compact LLRW Generators Conducted a survey of all LLRW generatorsOnly 29 out of 122 generators responded will be affectedOn-site storage capacity varies from 5 yrs. (Government) to 20 yrs. (Medical)No immediate adverse impact on the generators
7 Key Issues-Future of LLRW Management and Disposal Will commercial disposal capacity be available for Class B and C wastes?Will Texas approve WCS application for a LLRW disposal facility?Will Class B and C generators have access to DOE facilities?Is central processing, packaging and storage a viable option?Will NRC provide additional disposal flexibility via guidance or rulemaking?Can the use of RCRA facilities be expanded?Will there be new legislation to address this issue?
8 Industry’s Approach to Address Class B and C Waste Management and Disposal Issues Ensure Safe and Secure Storage of WasteDevelop operational strategies to minimize B and C wastesInvestigate and identify additional disposal options and flexibility for B and C wastes
9 Highlights of NRC Regulatory Issue Summary For Extended Interim Storage of LLRW RIS 2008-12 Summary of Issues:Storage is not a substitute for disposalWaste should be stored in a form suitable for disposalStored waste packages should be protected from elements and from extremes of temperature and humidityStorage should occur in an area that allows for ready visual inspection on a routine basis
10 Highlights (cont.)Consider a real-time waste tracking system that allows the location of specific package(s) during emergenciesEvaluate the potential for deterioration of waste packages and be prepared to repackage waste if neededTake measures to prevent or mitigate the adverse consequences of potential decomposition and chemical reactionDetermine if additional shielding or other actions are warranted to keep exposure As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA)Minimize exposure to workers
11 Highlights (cont.) Store waste in restricted area to ensure security Follow increased control and related NRC orders for materials of quantities of concernDevelop and maintain a strategy and timeline for disposition and/or disposal of wasteEstimate the life-cycle-cost of interim storage for overall budget considerationSupplement information contained in the RIS with guidance provided by other authorities for waste containing hazardous component
12 Authorization of Extended Interim Storage RIS 2008-12, Enclosure 1 Identification of waste to be storedPlans for Final DispositionPhysical Description of Storage Area or StructurePackaging and Container IntegrityRadiation ProtectionTraining and QualificationsFinancial AssuranceEmergency PreparednessSecurity/Increased Control
13 NRC Position: NRC Public Website for Generic Communications: “As a matter of policy, NRC is opposed to any activity at a nuclear reactor site which is not generally supportive of activities authorized by the operating license or construction permit and which may divert the attention of licensee management from its primary task of safe operation or construction of the power reactor.”NRC Public Website for Generic Communications: