Presentation on theme: "Working in the Urbanizing Landscape: Changing Roles for Natural Resource Professionals Oregon Department of Forestry “Stewardship in Forestry”"— Presentation transcript:
1 Working in the Urbanizing Landscape: Changing Roles for Natural Resource Professionals Oregon Department of Forestry“Stewardship in Forestry”
2 Presentation Outline What is the forested area we are concerned about? 7/30/2010Presentation OutlineWhat is the forested area we are concerned about?Residential Emphasis forestLow-density residentialWildland-urban interfaceDescription of the interfaceWhy do we care about this area?Challenges and OpportunitiesWorking in the Urbanizing Landscape, May 23-24, Beaverton, OR
3 Sustainability Nature emphasis forests 7/30/2010Nature emphasis forests– Parks, wilderness, wild areas Mostly federal lands,some state, tribal and privateWood production emphasis forests Mostly forest industry, some state, tribal, familyMultiple-use emphasis forests Mostly state, tribal, some family, some federalSocial BenefitsEconomic BenefitsSustainabilityEnvironmental BenefitsWrap-up overviewKPMs discussionResidential value emphasis forestsWildland urban interface, rural residential zones, urban and community forests
6 Fragmentation & Conversion All states confronting an increase in land conversion asGlobalization and rising social costs erode forestry profitabilityAlternative land values on the riseRisk to “green infrastructure” needed to attract new industries; maintain quality of lifeRisk to rural economies, family-wage jobs
8 Fragmentation & Conversion Compared to other states, Oregon is currently well-positioned to protect its forestland baseHowever, Oregon is seeing an increase in the number of dwellings in wildland forestsAnd shift from wildland forests to residential forestsConnection between forests, green space, and Oregonian’s sense of identityPioneering land use laws (pre-BM49)Science-based forest practice rulesRenowned forest growth and wood qualityPremier “forest cluster” including forestry school, economic development infrastructure, forest conservation organizations
12 Oregon’s Private Forests 7/30/2010Oregon’s Private Forests10.7 million acres4.7 million acres of nonindustrial or family forests6.0 million acres of industrial / investment forestsSignificant economic impactTotal economic output of $22 billion in Oregon; 11% of goods and services (2007)Forest products sector pays higher than the state averageAnd urban forests
13 Oregon’s Private Forests 7/30/2010Oregon’s Private ForestsAn estimated 330 thousand acres of Oregon forest - about 5 percent of private forestland - exist inside urban growth boundaries or other development zones.Another 1.8 million acres of private forest exist within one mile of developable areas.The remainder extends out from the wildland-urban interface to the more rural areas.
15 Oregon’s Private Forests 7/30/2010Oregon’s Private ForestsApproximately 3% of family forestland occurs within Urban Growth Boundaries (UGB) and 34% in Wildlan-Urban Interface (WUI)Approximately 9% of Industrial / Investment forests occurs withinWUI
16 Why Do We Care about these Urbanizing Areas? 7/30/2010Why Do We Care about these Urbanizing Areas?Board of Forestry ObjectivesPotentail loss of forest benefitsChanges the way the surrounding landscape is managedAffects surrounding economies and supporting industriesRisks and cost of Fire protection
17 Board of Forestry 2011 Forestry Program for Oregon (FPFO) 7/30/2010Board of Forestry 2011 Forestry Program for Oregon (FPFO)Goal C: Protect and improve the productive capacity of Oregon's forestsKey challenge: Maintaining the Forest Land BaseNew forces are reshaping Oregon’s forests in ways more significant than any wildfire, windstorm, or disease outbreak.
18 2011 FPFO: Maintaining the Forest Land Base 7/30/20102011 FPFO: Maintaining the Forest Land BaseFueled by factors including development pressures, population growth, …, and changes in the forest products and real estate markets, forestland is being threatened by conversion to non-forest uses.
19 Current Board of Forestry Private Forests Policy Objective Identify current and future risks of forest fragmentation and the conversion of forests to non-forest use as the primary, overarching challenge to sustainable forestry and keeping working forests working.
20 2011 FPFO: Loss of BenefitsFragmentation and parcelization of forests, combined with the development of roads and residences, can degrade the green infrastructure of a forested watershed, including clean water, diversity of fish and wildlife species, and the quality of forests habitats
21 Statewide Water Quality Conditions Section C.: Key Budget Drivers and Big issues discussion, slides 4-9 as the lead-in.Measurements on land in all ownerships in Oregon, by DEQ land use class, 2005
22 2011 FPFO: Changes Management dramatically changes the way the surrounding landscape is managed, limiting the range of traditional forestry practicesthe notion of producing a timber value from the lands … is no longer acceptable to new nearby residents or landowners
24 2011 FPFO: Affects Communities When formerly productive timberlands are converted to non-forest uses, surrounding economies and supporting industries are often affected because forest products-related businesses are no longer viable.Harvest taxes are no longer available to support local government services and education.
25 2011 FPFO: Fire ProtectionThe presence of development in forested areas changes makes wildfire management more difficult - placing homes at risk, making firefighting more complicated, and increasing firefighting costs.
26 Wildland Urban Interface: Fire Issues Likelihood of human-caused fires increases with dwelling densitySisters Unit: Compared to sections w/ no dwellings fires increased:1-5 = 2.6 times,6-10 = 5 times,21-40 = 21 times,40+ = 71 timesLarge fires that threaten dwellings are 48.3% more expensive to fightSection C.: Slides cover issues 1-3.
27 Challenges and Opportunities Most complex and challenging areaContains all four types of forests: nature, residential, multiple use, and wood productionDominated by family forestland (3% in UGB; 34% in WUI); contains industrial / investment forest (9 % in WUI).Highest risk of land use conversion (highest ratio of real estate to timber values)
28 Urban and Urban Interface Forests Key Objectives Active involvement in local and state land use planningSupport forest products market and ecosystem service market developmentAssist local governments in compliance with statewide land use goals by providing technical assistanceSupport transferable development rights programMonitor changes in the public and private forestland bases and levels of forestland impacted by land use conflicts.
29 Urban and Urban Interface Forests Current Efforts Constrained by resourcesSignificant workload
32 Slides 21-26 as the lead-in to the budget discussion.
33 Stewardship Forestry in UGB and WUI Notifications: 1 % in UGB; 31 % in WUIForestland: NIPF: 3% in UGB; 34% in WUI Industrial: 9 % in WUI
34 Oregon’s Family Forestland Occupy a unique landscape position, contribute diversification to forest cover and local economies, and provide political and cultural connections with urban populationsAre smaller, and their objectives and land uses are variedIn general, occupies ecologically important, lower elevation settings, often near residential areas
35 Family Forestlands Diverse objectives, concerns, and plans Top reasons for ownership include:Aesthetics, Family legacy, Privacy, Land investment, Part of home, farm or ranchTop concerns include:High property taxes, Keeping land intact for heirs, Trespassing or poaching, Fire, Insects or plant diseases
36 Family Forestlands Key Objectives: Provide one-on-one technical assistance, deliver incentives, support Oregon plan, and administer the Forest Practices ActSupport certification / management plans for family forestlands and conduct auditsDevelop easement program for protecting working forests