Presentation on theme: "CPR CPR RULES TAKE IT SERIOUSLY…YOU NEVER KNOW WHEN YOU OR SOMEONE ELSES LIFE MAY DEPEND ON IT. ANY VIOLATIONS OF CLASSROOM RULES WILL RESULTS IN REMOVAL."— Presentation transcript:
CPR CPR RULES TAKE IT SERIOUSLY…YOU NEVER KNOW WHEN YOU OR SOMEONE ELSES LIFE MAY DEPEND ON IT. ANY VIOLATIONS OF CLASSROOM RULES WILL RESULTS IN REMOVAL FROM CLASS, CERTIFICATION FAILURE. PASSING THIS CLASS IS A HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION REQUIREMENT, FAILURE TO DO SO WILL RESULT IN YOU HAVING TO PAY FOR CLASS ON YOUR OWN AND TAKE IT IN HIGHSCHOOL ON YOUR OWN TIME.
3/13/15 CPR Warm up: Why do you think it is a requirement that all students must learn and pass CPR in order to graduate high school? Do you think it is important? Why or why not?
CPR FACTS Sudden cardiac arrest (heart attack) is leading cause of death. CPR doubles a person’s chance of survival from sudden cardiac arrest. CPR helps circulate blood that contains oxygen to the vital organs.
IMPORTANT STEPS FOR CARDIAC (heart attack) SURVIVAL EARLY RECOGNITION OF SIGNALS CALLING 911 IMMEDIATE CPR USE AN AED
Gloves Protect against blood born illnesses Must be removed properly Must be disposed of properly Breathing Barriers Protects the rescuer by preventing direct contact with the patient’s mouth Have a 1 way valve Not always available http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bzns6vTTp0Q
C – CARDIO (HEART)CARDIO P – PULMONARY (LUNGS) R – RESUSCITATION (TO RESTORE)
LIFE THREATENING EMERGENCIES INCLUDE: UNCONSCIOUS LACK OF/TROUBLE BREATHING CHOKING PERSISITENT CHEST PAIN SEVERE BLEEDING/BURNS SEIZURES
EMERGENCY ACTION STEPS (THE 4 C’S) CHECK – THE SCENE FOR SAFETY CHECK - THEN CHECK THE PERSON CALL – 911 CARE – FOR LIFE THREATENING INJURIES
Check the Scene Make sure it is safe for you to perform care without threat of injury or death to yourself. If scene is not safe, DO NOT give care. Example: Person is hurt from motor vehicle accident in the middle of the highway with traffic still passing by.
Check the person Check for responsiveness. Check for pulse/heart beat/breathing.
Call 911 Give EMS as much details as you can about the condition of the victim. Give specific location. Provide number for them to call back if neccesary.
*** AFTER YOU ASSESS THE SITUATION, YOU WILL KNOW WHETHER TO PERFORM RESCUE BREATHING, CPR, CHOKING CPR, OR JUST MONITOR THE VICTIM *** CARE
CONSCIOUS CHOKING VICTIM: 1. Ask the victim if they are choking and if you can help them. 2. If they are coughing-no further treatment is needed just encourage to cough and monitor. 3. If they are not coughing or making noises- stand behind them placing your foot in between their legs and brace their body against your hip 4. Wrap your arm around their waist placing your fist right above their belly button and below the ribs. 5. Give 5 abdominal thrusts (upward and inward) 6. Then hold their shoulder still holding them against you and give 5 back blows (between their shoulder blades) 7. Repeat if necessary.
UNCONSCIOUS VICTIM: TAP AND SHOUT – “ARE YOU OKAY?” ASSESS THE VICTIM WITH THE ABC’S: –A – OPEN AIRWAY – HEAD TILT – CHIN LIFT –B – LOOK, LISTEN, & FEEL FOR BREATHING –C- LOOK FOR SIGNS OF CIRCULATION / LIFE (MOVEMENT, COLORING) –CHECKING FOR NO LONGER THAN 10 SECONDS.
INITIAL CHECK HAS NO SIGNS OF LIFE If not breathing and no signs of life begin CPR. Interlace your hands, place your palm directly above the victims heart. Give 100 compressions per minutes (staying alive beat) After 2 minutes recheck the victim.
Chest compressions should be performed on the lower ½ of the sternum
For each compression it is important to push down far enough and to be sure the chest is completely released after each compression. This will allow the heart to fill with blood after each compression.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF CPR INFANT: BIRTH TO 1 YEAR (2 FINGER COMPRESSIONS) CHILD:1 YEAR TO 11 YEARS (1 HAND COMPRESSIONS) ADULT:12 YEARS AND OLDER (2 HAND COMPRESSIONS)
REPEAT CYCLE UNTIL… EMS ARRIVES AND TAKES OVER AED ARRIVES THE VICTIM BEGINS TO BREATH OR SHOW SIGNS OF LIFE YOU BECOME EXHAUSTED THE SCENE BECOMES UNSAFE
AEDAED(AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILATOR) Unconscious victim, no pulse Use AED to shock them in order to shock heart back into proper rhythm.
AEDAED(AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILATOR) STEP 1. Turn it on! STEP 2. Adjust victims clothing so the pads have skin contact STEP 3. Place the pads in the correct locations (UPPER RIGHT CHEST. LOWER LEFT ABDOMIN) STEP 4. Stand clear (don’t touch victim) while the AED performs analysis. STEP 5. If instructed by AED press shock button. (don’t touch while shock is administered) STEP 6. Allow AED to reanalyze victim.
CPR STEPS CHECK THE SCENE AND THE VICTIM CALL 911 TAP AND SHOUT “ARE YOU OKAY?” LOOK – LISTEN – FEEL (FOR ABC’S) ** IF NO SIGNS OF LIFE BEGIN CPR** 100 COMPRESSIONS PER MINUTE REPEAT FOR 2 MINUTES
Review A person who is suffering from pain and discomfort could be having a heart attack When you give rescue breaths you should give a breath that last about one second Check for signs of life for no more than10 seconds A conscious chocking adult give 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrust. Why do you stop giving CPR
You arrive home and your younger sister is passed out on the floor. You run over to her and check for signs of life. You determine that she is not breathing and no circulation GO!!!
Your grandmother is chocking on a piece of chicken but she is conscious but not breathing what do you do? GO!!!!
You are at a basketball game and a student falls and hits their head. When you check them they are unconscious. You check for signs of life and there is no circulation and no breathing GO!